Presentation on theme: "Principals of Health Education. Health Education Definition - WHO difference between Health education& Promotion Dimensions of Health Education Principals."— Presentation transcript:
Health Education Definition - WHO difference between Health education& Promotion Dimensions of Health Education Principals of Health Education Process of health education Health Education in the communities Methods in health Education Contents of Health Education Examples of health education. Communication Stages of Change Contents of the Lecture
Health Education Definition - WHO Process of providing information and advice related to healthy lifestyle and encouraging the development of knowledge, attitudes and skills aimed at behaviour change of individuals or communities. Enables and influences controll over own´s health leading to optimalization of attitudes and habits related to lifestyle and increasing quality of life.
Health education is a process aimed at encouraging people to want to be healthy, to know how to stay healthy, to do what they can individually and collectively to maintain health and to seek help when needed. Health Education Definition
Health education can be defined as the principle by which individuals and groups of people learn to behave in a manner conducive to the promotion, maintenance, or restoration of health. Health Education Definition
What is the difference between Health education& Health Promotion? Health education, as the name implies, is a field of study that draws from medical sciences and all physical and biological along with emotional and psychological experiences to inform and educate people to promote health and to prevent diseases. It imparts knowledge and skills to develop and maintain behaviors and attitudes.
What is the difference between Health education& Health Promotion? Health promotion aims to influence the behaviors of people and organizations so that they change their lifestyles and accept their responsibility in causing health problems for others (for example, smoking in public and drunk driving). Health promotion takes the shape of advertisements that try to exert influence on the social behaviors of people and also to make them understand the importance of healthy behaviors and attitudes.
What is the difference between Health education& Health Promotion? Health promotion tries to shift the focus of responsibility from governments and health professionals to organizations and people by raising the levels of awareness about diseases and prevention of diseases through healthy behaviors and attitudes.
PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH EDUCATION 1. Credibility 2. Interest. 3. Participation/ community involvement. 4. Good human relationship. 5. Proceed from known to unknown. 6. Comprehension. 7. Reinforcement by repetition. 8. Motivation 9. Learning by doing 10. Role models and leaders 11. Setting an example. 12. Feedback.
Credibility it is the degree by which the message to be communicated is perceived as trustworthy by the receiver.
in Health Education we should always communicate in the simple language that people can understand, never use strange or new words Comprehension
Participation/community involvement Health Education aimed to encourage people to work actively with health workers & others in identifying their own health problems & also in developing solutions & plans to work together
Process of health education (A)To assess the patients learning needs. (B)To establish the teaching and learning objectives. (C)To constitute the teaching plan. (D)To implement the teaching plan. (E) To evaluate the teaching and learning.
Health Education in the Communities Based on knowledge of their demographic and social specificities (gender, age, education, ethnicity, employment) Messages are more general and comprehensible for all community members Positive motivation – positive aspects and outcomes are stressed more then negative ones
Methods of Health Education. Individual Approach Counseling. Clinic Consultation. On-site Visit. Group Approach Lectures. Group Or Panel Discussion. Workshop, Seminars. Mass Approach Radio, T.V Newspapers. Printed Materials. Internet 27
Contents of Health Education 1.Human biology: i.e., how to keep physically fit, the effects of alcohol, smoking & drug on the body. 2.Nutrition: the aim is to promote good dietary habits. 3.Hygiene: personal and environmental. 4.Family health: HE promote the family ’ s self reliance regarding i.e., child bearing & rearing.
Contents of Health Education 1.Disease prevention and control: education of people about the prevention & control of locally endemic diseases is the first of eight essential activities in PHC. 2.Mental health. 3.Prevention of accidents. 4.Use of health services.
Communication Communicator: the person or the team give the message (Educator). Message: the contents (materials) of health education Channel: method of carrying the message Audience: the receivers (users or targets) of the message
Communication Barriers Social and cultural gap between the sender and the receiver Limited receptiveness of receiver Negative attitude of the sender Limited understanding and memory Insufficient emphasis by the sender (health professional) Contradictory messages Health education without identifying the “needs "of the community
Stages of Change PrecontemplationContemplationPreparation ActionMaintenance
Precontemplation Definition – the action of looking thoughtfully at something for a long time. – Before changing their behavior Intervention Approach – Novel information – Persuasive communications – Experiences
Contemplation Definition – Person is beginning to consider behavior change. – Important stage of information acquisition Intervention Approach – Motivated by role modeling and persuasive communications – Receptive to planned or incidental learning experiences.
Preparation Definition – Deciding to change by preparing and experimenting. – Psychological preparation of trying on or visualizing new behaviors and sharing the idea with others. Deciding to change. Intervention Approach – How-to information, skill development, attitude change
Action Definition – Actually trying the new behavior Intervention Approach – Skill – Reinforcement – Support – Self-management – Attitude and attribution change
Maintenance Definition – Establishment of the new behavior – Taking on the new attitudinal and environmental supports Intervention Approach – Relapse prevention skills – Self-management – Social and environmental support
References World Health Organization - http://www.who.int/topics/health_education/en/ National Institute of Public Health Prague – http://www.szu.czhttp://www.szu.cz Health promotion and health education in practice / Leo Baric. - Altrincham, England: Barns Publication, 1994. -Module 1: Definition of problems and choice of solutions. -Module 2: The organizational model. -Module 3: Research, evaluation and auditing. - 624p. James F. McKenzie, Brad L. Neiger& Rosemary Thackeray (2012) Planning, Implementing, & Evaluating Health Promotion 2-Donald J. Breckon, John R. Harvey & R. Brick Lancaster (1998) Community Health Education: Settings, Roles, and Skills for the 21st Century [Hardcover]