Presentation on theme: "Keith Tovey M.A., PhD, CEng, MICE Energy Science Director Low Carbon Innovation Centre School of Environmental Sciences."— Presentation transcript:
Keith Tovey M.A., PhD, CEng, MICE Energy Science Director Low Carbon Innovation Centre School of Environmental Sciences
Future Global Warming Rates
Local impacts Norfolk in that part of the UK which is likely to be most impacted. Re-distribution of rainfall; lower summer rainfall. Landscape/agriculture changes Lower summer riverflows; reedbeds under stress
Government Response Energy White Paper – aspiration for 60% cut in CO 2 emissions by 2050 Will require unprecedented partnership activity in local communities to ensure on track by 2020s (– but no indication of how this will be undertaken) There will be much more local generation, in part from medium to small local/community power plant, fuelled by locally grown biomass, from locally generated waste, and from local wind sources. These will feed local distributed networks, which can sell excess capacity into the grid. - Energy White Paper: February 2003
The CRed ambition To engage, enthuse and empower a large, diverse community to debate, plan and execute a programme to reduce carbon emissions by up to 60% by 2025 Can a local community take on the responsibility for starting to confront the challenge of climate change and make a difference? Or will it continue to be - someone/somewhere else? Can we encourage politicians/officials to be bolder on our behalf? exemplar for the world
The CRed Community Participatory/inclusive Partnerships Modes of participation (targets/methods) Matrix of modes of participation = representative of real- world complexity Spark imaginations Centred on Norwich/Norfolk, but links across the region, country, the world….
The right language? 5 hot air balloons full of CO 2 per person per year (4 million per year over Norfolk)
Mobile phone chargers will emit up to 20 kg of Carbon dioxide each year if left on when not actually charging. [60% of people admit to leaving the charger on] Up to 7000 hot air balloons a year for Norfolk Each cup of water boiled unnecessarily emits 25 cups of carbon dioxide. A modern (1.5 MW) wind turbine (e.g. Swaffham) will provide electricity for 1000 homes. The saving in carbon dioxide is the equivalent of getting over people to always turn their mobile phone chargers off, or people to drive 500 miles less a year.
How do we know the CRed community represents our region? Suffolk C. Council Norwich Union Liftshare Eastern Heatpumps Banham Poultry Woodys Norfolk C.Council NEWS SMS Strattons Deepdale Farm Camelot Craft Alpha Schools Jarvis Farmers link SERCO LSI R.Bilbie Amicus AEEAC Norwich 21 Global Commodities Kingswood School SLP Energy Powergen EDP LEA Diocese of Norwich Norwich Colour Print May Gurney EEDA BPS Sth Norfolk D. C. The Broads Auth. The RSPB SUSTRANS
Yet to decide SupportingBuildingsTransport Process Energy Saving Funding Promotion & Awareness Raising Alternative Energy Projects Local Government Large Business Small Business Schools Householders Farmers/ Landowners Contruction/ Builders Organisation Suffolk C. Council Norwich Union Liftshare Eastern Heatpumps Banham Poultry Woodys Norfolk C.Council NEWS SMS Strattons Deepdale Farm Camelot Craft Alpha Schools Jarvis Farmers link SERCO LSI R.Bilbie Amicus AEEAC Norwich 21 Global Commodities Kingswood School SLP Energy Powergen EDP LEA Powergen Norwich Colour Print May Gurney EEDA BPS Sth Norfolk D. C. The Broads Auth. The RSPB SUSTRANS Woodfordes Anglia Rwys Renewables East Norwich Diocese Nitex RNAA NFU Individual Farmers BRE EST Norfolk C.Council Norwich City Maswood Jalil LEA Anglia Rwys
Options for Electricity Generation in Non-Renewable Methods
Options for Electricity Generation in Renewable
Our Choices: They are difficult Do we want to exploit available renewables i.e onshore/offshore wind and biomass. If our answer is NO Do we want to see a renewal of nuclear power Are we happy on this and the other attendant risks? If our answer is NO Do we want to return to using coal? then carbon dioxide emissions will rise significantly unless we can develop carbon sequestration within 10 years which is unlikely If our answer to coal is NO Do we want to leave things are they are and see continued exploitation of gas for both heating and electricity generation? >>>>>>
Our Choices: They are difficult If our answer is YES By 2020 we will be dependent on around 70% of our heating and electricity from GAS which will have to be imported from countries like Russia, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Algeria Are we happy with this prospect? >>>>>> If not: We need even more substantial cuts in energy use which could affect both industry and our ability to heat an light our homes in the future. Unless we are prepared to sacrifice our future to effects of Global Warming Do we wish to reconsider our stance on renewables? Inaction or delays in decision making will lead us down the GAS option route and all the attendant Security issues that raises.