Community Based Interventions to prevent Child Trafficking Nikhil Roy Programme Team Manager www.antislavery.org
What is Child Trafficking? Definition set out in the Palermo Protocol- 3 key elements: Recruitment, Abusive means of control, Subsequent exploitation Related issues and definitions set out in: CRC, ILO Convention 182 - Worst Forms of child labour
Consequences of Child trafficking? Children are exploited: for sex; forced labour including domestic work; begging; marriage, adoption, organs.
Vulnerability factors: Poverty Low school enrolment Lack of birth registration Children without caregivers Humanitarian disasters and armed conflicts
Vulnerability factors: Demand for exploitative sex Demand for cheap labour Traditions and cultural values
What can be done? Anti-Slavery Internationals work in West Africa Lessons from our Global campaign
Contact with and involvement of the children: Meeting places Involving former victims Door to door Hotlines Focus groups
Parents, schools, employers, community leaders: Education and awareness raising Teaching about rights Vigilance committees Tackling root causes Using the media
Beyond the community - wider interventions: Legislation and enforcement National plan of action Strengthening capacities of law enforcement agencies Poverty alleviation Political will
A song by Freedom Cake (Togo): A child is our future If a child leaves the family and works, if a child is not educated The family will have a problem If a child leaves the country and is trafficked, the country will have a problem
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