Presentation on theme: "Domestic work: Child labour ILO’s most unwanted baby."— Presentation transcript:
Domestic work: Child labour ILO’s most unwanted baby
ILO’s framework ILO conventions C 182 (worst forms, 2000) and C 138 (minimum age). IPEC: International Programme on the Elimination of Child labour. Three reports by IPEC (A future without child labour, 2002, The end of child labour: Within reach, 2006, Accelerating action against child labour, 2010). The Global Action plan (2016).
According to ILO: The elimination of child labour is a global cause at the heart of what the ILO stands for, and the very existence of child labour reveals a major gap in achieving the aim of decent work.
Where, who, what? Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, Asia- Pacific and the Carebbean. 215 mill child workers 115 mill worst cases (hazardous work) Agriculture, majority unpaid family members The majority in Asia-Pacific, most worst cases and lowest age in sub-Saharan Africa.
The worst cases… C 182 Slavery and forced labour Pronography and prostitution Drug trafficking and production of drugs Hazardous work where health and safety are at stake.
Child labour, distribution by economic activity (5-17 age group)
Causes? Agriculture, poverty HIV/AIDS Forced and bonded labour Child domestic workers Armed conflicts Illicit activities Migration Climatic changes
Consequences? 22.000 casualties Exposure to dangerous chemicals and and pesticides. Long work hours Cuts and abresions, fall accidents, Heavy loads, exposure to weather, snake & insect bites Exploitation and abuse Lack of education
How? Decent livelihoods for families Education Political commitment to social equality and inclusion The South-South initiative Technical assistance (donors) Media and focus, control Consumers
The two scenarios: ’Business as usual’: If current response continues, not achieving aim in 2016. ’Don’t waste a good crisis’: The necessary political will. Ambition.