Presentation on theme: "CARICOM Security Priorities: Addressing Challenges to Prevent and Combat Trafficking in Persons Committee on Hemispheric Security, April 22, 2013."— Presentation transcript:
CARICOM Security Priorities: Addressing Challenges to Prevent and Combat Trafficking in Persons Committee on Hemispheric Security, April 22, 2013
Issues to Consider! Migration patterns and porous borders Conceptualization of the problem Push factors Ratification of international instruments Enactment of comprehensive national legal frameworks Regional information-exchange and cooperation strengthening
When is it trafficking in persons? Elements of the Process ACTIONS : recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring/receipt. MEANS : threat/use of force, forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power, situation of vulnerability, receiving payment. PURPOSE : exploitation.
Types of Exploitation Commercial Sexual Exploitation: prostitution in massage parlors, night clubs, bars, karaoke establishments, streets, escorts, etc. Forced Labor: (labor exploitation) farming, fishing industry, construction, mining, sweat-shops, entertainment,. Domestic Servitude Exploitation by Beggin Illicit Trafficking of Organs Sex Tourism Minors in Armed Conflicts Forced Marriages
Smuggling of Migrants The procurement, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a State Party of which the person is not a national or a permanent resident Implies: illegal entry, fraudulent travel or identity document (falsely made, improperly issued or obtained, used by other than the rightful holder)
Trafficking and Smuggling. Trafficking Not always border crossing legitimate or illegmt documents Documents withheld Coercion Restrictive movement Exploitation Crime against the Person Smuggling Illegal border crossing Illegal possession of documents Voluntary Business transaction Crime against the State
TIP in the Americas: Push Factors. Domestic Violence Dysfunctional Families Unemployment Impact of Conflict, Natural Disasters Lack of Education Poverty Gender Discrimination Cultural Traditions and Values Sexual Demand and LaborExploitation Lack of Birth Registry
OAS - Member States Commitment Public policies and strategies to combat TIP Anti TIP comprehesive law strengthening Identification of victims Identification of victims Data collection Data collection Prevention- Protection Prevention- Protection
Moving Forward! Awareness-Raising in Public Places Consular and Law Enforcement: OAS Training Materials in Curricula Inter-Region Information- Exchange Network Preventive, Processing, and Protection Measures: Laws Participation in High-Level Meetings of National Authorities: work plan implementation
Contact Information Fernando Garcia-Robles Coordinator, Anti-Trafficking in Persons Department of Public Security Organization of American States 1889 F. St. N.W. 872 D Washington, D.C. 20006 Email: email@example.com@oas.org Tel: 202.370.5445 Fax: 202.458.3882
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