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www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ 2011 QinetiQ Proprietary
www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ 2011 QinetiQ Proprietary New Technologies in the Fire World Use of robots in support of Fire & Rescue Operations:- Project G.H.O.S.T Presentation by Mr Kenneth Pink MBE, C Eng, C Mar Eng, M IMechE, M IMarEST. A IExpE
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 3 Fire Fighting robots from around the world Fire Fighting Robots are not new and many Fire and Rescue Services around the world have experimented with their use. Fire Fighting Robots appear In two distinct sizes:- Small enough to pass through a normal doorway and VERY BIG!! The common thing about them is they are always expensive and need high operator skill levels to get the best out of the them. Pictures taken from the Web : Copyright Acknowledge
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 4 Fire Fighting robots from around the world Pictures taken from the Web : Copyright Acknowledge
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 5 Fire Fighting robots from around the world Pictures taken from the Web : Copyright Acknowledge
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 66 QinetiQ was formed from the UK MoD Defence Research laboratories (DERA). The Land Division of QinetiQ has been the design authority for bomb disposal vehicles since their inception in 1972. Many of the responding engineers that form up the GHOST teams have worked alongside the bomb disposal crews in places such as Northern Ireland, Bosnia, and other war zones gaining hands on experience of using robotic equipment in hazardous situations. GHOST teams DO NOT DO BOMB DISPOSAL Project GHOST :- TEAM HISTORY WHEELBARROW Mk.1, 1972
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 7 Project GHOST is QinetiQs 24-7 Blue light response SERVICE on call via London Fire Brigade to support UK emergency services and government agencies by the use of Remote Controlled Vehicles. The team is made up of scientists and engineers who volunteer their time. G as cylinder & HO :- Hazardous Operations S upport T eam
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 8 Portable (40kg), highly mobile, fast and manoeuvrable. Robust and reliable, 3 Colour cameras with both white and IR tactical lighting Thermal Imager on PT mast. COFDM digital radio control and video at >800m 1.2m reach arm with gripper, 5kg lift capability Two way talk back between ROV and operator Can climb stairs, kerbs and grass slopes Will operate for over 3 hours on one battery charge Fully integrated portable control desk allowing limited operations in underground situations / buildings. RAPID RESPONSE - INSPECTION ROV – TALON
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 9 GHOST TALON is fitted with calibrated thermal imager and facility to undertake wetting tests It can also be fitted with CBRN sensors and relay data back to command vehicle. RAPID RESPONSE - INSPECTION ROV – TALON
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 10 HAZMAT INCIDENT OPERATIONS:- The HAZMAT version of Talon can carry a number of sensors Our G.H.O.S.T Talon is fitted with a Zellwegger Gas monitor This alerts on detection of flammable atmospheres, low oxygen levels, detection of ammonia and chlorine. Future fits include a RADOS radiation survey monitor and a Smiths Chem/bio monitor.
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 11 POST INCIDENT OPERATIONS:- Respirex - Containment Bag for contaminated robot A Home Office approved supplier of body bags for CBRN operations has produced the worlds first? fully certificated Body Bag for a contaminated robot.
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 12 Project :- G.H.O.S.T. BISON Remote Controlled Vehicle BISON RCV. Fitted with:- High Reach Arm. HYDRAULIC CUTTER, TIC, 4 Colour Cameras, COFDM Digital Video, Fibre Link for Tunnel Ops. Tools Include:- 4 Disc Cutter/Grinder Electric Drill & Hole Saw Drop Nose Anchor system Can Haul a 100Kg Load Can haul fire hose and support fire fighting branch. Bison is used for gaining access, door opening, window smashing, lock cutting etc
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 13 Project :- G.H.O.S.T. OPERATIONS Bison RCV:- Gaining Access to a van containing gas cylinders This task was completed by the BISON robot under the control of an operator located over 200mtrs away from the vehicle.
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 14 Project :- G.H.O.S.T. BISON & TALON RCV BISON & TALON RCV. These two RCVs work is pairs, the control room layout enables the pictures from each robot to be displayed together allowing their operators to see the views from the other. This gives the 3 rd view necessary to give depth perception. In this clip the robots are required to open a ships ISO container which held 10 tons of fireworks. (2 tons NEQ). Well see what happened later!
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 15 Project :- G.H.O.S.T. BISON RCV BISON RCV. Fitted with:- Special cylinder valve key Is used to shut down flaming cylinders. It has been found that some valves/regulators leak gas after being heated. Three cylinder valve blocks have been found to be loose in the cylinder after the cylinders have been involved in fire.
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 16 GENERAL PURPOSE ROV and mobile monitor: BLACK MAX Can haul three fully charged lengths of fire hose. Can withstand the reaction force from the biggest fire branch running at full flow. Has 3 colour cameras and a Thermal Imager Can climb steep slopes and some stairs Has provision to carry CBRN sensor tray on rear surface. Black Max a quad bike sized RCV for outdoor operations. Proven high mobility and long endurance. Diesel Electric hybrid drive allows >6hour operation on diesel plus 1 hour silent and fume free operation on its battery pack. Can operate on unstructured ground, sand, rubble piles and bog ie a fire ground!
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 17 Relevance to GHOST Missions Enforced access to vehicles and under arch buildings, door, wall panel and gate removal High Lift capacity to remove obstructions to allow smaller ROVs to gain access. Use as remote fire monitor providing sustained cylinder cooling and water spraying function. Clearing away debris, moving 40 gallon oil drums, gas cylinders. Deploying very high pressure water cutting and water injections systems. Target vehicle removal away from high value assets by pushing or hauling. Future use in conjunction with blast containment system, (fixed and mobile). Medium weight invasive and access vehicle– BROKK 90 Based on proven Nuclear decommissioning robot Diesel. Long endurance, high mobility, Can climb some stairs. 1.4Ton robot with 100Kg lift capacity Will operate largest Holmatro hydraulic cutting tools by remote control. Will cut 4x2 steel box! Will power and allow remote operation of hydraulic saws, cutters, grinders and door busters. Can operate impact hammers to destroy brickwork. Can haul & push heavy loads. inc vans and small lorries.
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 18 Industrial Robots – BROKK90 BROKK90 medium weight demolition RCV:- Brokk90 Used to remove doors The GHOST BROKK has been specially modified to operate on either Diesel or AC power. The BROKK is fitted with large Holmatro cutters to cut through hinges or chassis sections under remote control from a safe distance. The persons in this video are part of the assessment team during an experimental trial and would not be present at a incident.
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 19 Industrial Robots – BROKK90 BROKK90 medium weight demolition RCV:- Brokk90 Moving Van
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 20 Industrial Robots – BROKK90 BROKK90 medium weight demolition RCV:- Moving full weight gas cylinder as part of experimental trial. While cylinders can not be moved due to their weight and potential hazard Using RCVs to move cylinders MIGHT be acceptable. This allows the hazard to be moved away from rail lines and road links opening this up earlier than would normally be the case. The Brokk can move the largest gas cylinders used in the UK. (98kg). Video shows a training exercise.
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 21 Project :- G.H.O.S.T. BISON RCV 10 tons of fireworks inside A ships steel ISO container caught fire when thieves thought it would be a good idea to cut into the back of the container using a grinder. The resulting fire and numerous explosions lasted over 4 hours! As seen the robots opened the door of the container and can now be seen applying water to suppress the fire. Brigade followed this up with a high volume ground monitor once the explosions stopped.
QinetiQ Proprietary www.QinetiQ.com © Copyright QinetiQ limited 2012 22 Robots used as self deploying ground monitors 300 Tons of batteries on fire in a recycling plant. Car batteries ejected by explosions! Steel framed industrial building with metal Roof. 40,000 ltrs of water used on day one most became contaminated run off. Building structure compromised and declared unsafe. Building over150mtrs long next to a carpet warehouse! All smoke from fire verified as highly toxic. Robots entered by the loading dock in end of building and commenced fire fighting operations inside the structure with zero run off, air temp over 100°C Robots stayed inside the building for four hours. In all three robots deployed into building. Incident took five days to resolve.
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