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Health and Safety Executive Health and Safety Executive Safe working on or near roofs.

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Presentation on theme: "Health and Safety Executive Health and Safety Executive Safe working on or near roofs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Health and Safety Executive Health and Safety Executive Safe working on or near roofs

2 Summary Why The law In practice Ladders Golden rules

3 WHY Gravity kills More fatal accidents in construction caused by falls than anything else Two biggest classes of fatal falls –are domestic roof level repairs (7 off ladders, 6 other causes) –through fragile roof (5 last year), even more this) Numbers are provisional 2008/9 stats and typical

4 Fatal Accidents in construction (all causes)

5 Accident triangle Fatals Serious Minor

6 The Law Work at Height Regulations 2005 Apply to all work activities in all industries Apply to all at work by employees, employers or self employed Plan work Use the right equipment Use competent people PREVENT FALLS, REDUCE INJURY

7 The Regulations Hierarchy AVOID work at height if you can PREVENT falls by using the proper gear, such as scaffolds or cherry pickers MINIMISE the chances of being hurt if you fall Applies even to small, quick jobs Doing nothing is dangerous and illegal

8 Planned/right equipment/competent?


10 Risk Assessment Examples of what to consider include: the work activity equipment to be used location of the work and any hazards working environment (weather, lighting) condition of existing work surfaces duration of the work physical capabilities of workers

11 Avoid work at height

12 Prevent Falls Use an existing or safe place of work where no additional measures are required Use working platforms with guardrails or powered access platforms Use a work restraint system (preventing someone getting into a position from which he can fall)

13 MEWP Collective Fall Prevention

14 Minimise the distance and consequences Collective control measures should always take priority over personal control measures. Collective measures e.g. airbags, nets etc. are usually passive and require no action by the user Personal protection measures e.g. fall arrest harnesses are active and require the user to do clip on for them to work effectively

15 Minimise the risks using collective measures Nets Air bags

16 Select the right gear Think about Where you are going to be working (ground conditions, space, public) How far you could fall and how likely you are to be injured How long will the job take and how often will it need to be done What you need to do to rescue someone should they fall Can the building or scaffold etc take the weight of the workforce and materials need for the job Is it the best piece of kit for the job

17 Select the right equipment


19 Use of ladders Not banned but should only work from a ladder (including step ladder) when other equipment such as a tower scaffold is not suitable for light work that takes a few minutes of the correct type and in good condition placed on firm level ground and properly secured and set at the correct length and angle for the job

20 Appropriate use of ladders?

21 Use work equipment to prevent a fall

22 Other things to think about Prevent tools and materials falling –Throwing materials or debris (bombing) never acceptable Warn employees about danger areas You need to make sure that equipment such as scaffolds are checked After assembly or installation At suitable intervals or after exceptional circumstances Scaffold and tower scaffold inspection in each new position and then every 7 days MEWP on site within previous 7 days

23 Fragile Roofs Sheet materials including asbestos cement or skylights –Will not support weight Walking the bolts not acceptable Work from underneath from a mewp wherever possible (special roof fixings available to allow this)

24 Golden rules Plan Choose right equipment to –Prevent falls –Reduce injury Competent workers Dont chance it

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