Presentation on theme: "Falls from vehicles – toolbox talk for construction workers"— Presentation transcript:
1Falls from vehicles – toolbox talk for construction workers Add presenter’s name to bottom box[Documents and information referred to in the toolbox talk – look at these before you begin!1) Falls from vehicle incident history of your company - if you don’t have any you could look at the case studies on the HSE website at2) Incident reporting procedure3) Risk assessments for accessing vehicles4) Relevant photos of your vehicles and correct access5) Any company hazard and/or fault reporting procedures6) Procedures for any “Special” equipment that your company uses e.g. tail-lifts, lorry-loader cranes, double-deck trailers, tankers, car transporters etc.7) Company procedure for receiving suggestions for improvement to vehicles (see last slide)8) Information sheets and pocket card available on the HSE website at
2What is this about?There are over 2000 ‘Falls from vehicle’ accidents reported to HSE each yearThese include on average 5 fatalities each yearMajor injuries are usually broken arms or legs, resulting in weeks off workLook up company accident history for falls from vehicle incidents to use as illustrations.If you don’t have any relevant ones you could ask the workers if they know of anyone (not necessarily in your company) who has had an accident.The 2000 accidents include ‘over 3 day’, major and fatal injuries reportable under the RIDDOR Regs.The unreported ones will be less serious – where people have had fewer than 3 days off work.
3Construction specific info. In construction 70% of these accidents occur to non-drivers90% are low falls, below head heightThey occur during off loading of materials or when getting on or off the vehicleIn construction the falls mostly occur from the load area of flatbeds, HGV’s & vansLook at where your company’s accidents are occurring – what type of vehicles, during what type of work?
4What are we looking at? Alternatives to working on vehicles Safe access to and from vehicle bedsSafer working practicesWhat the company/ies can doWhat the operative/worker can doExplain what you want to talk about and achieve by having the toolbox talk – some suggested headings are included
5Work at height hierarchy AVOID work at height on the load area. Use automatic sheeting devices or a fork lift truck for off loading where possible.PREVENT anyone falling whilst working on the load area by using vehicle fitted edge protection or loading gantries for example.MINIMISE any injury should a fall occur by using soft landing systems, nets & airbags.Start by introducing the Work at Height Regulations 2005 and it’s associated hierarchy which should be followed when considering planning any work at heightHierarchy of control measure when working at height:1) Avoid working at height if possible2) Use an existing safe place of work3) Provide work equipment to prevent falls4) Mitigate distance and consequences of a fall5) Instruction and training and/or other meansFor the above, collective protective measures (such as scaffolding) must be prioritised over personal protection (such as using a fall arrest harness).More on the Work at Height Regs 2005 and the heirarchy can be found in a Q & A brief on the HSE website at
6Getting on to the load area Only get onto the load area if no other alternativeAlways use the steps and hand-hold providedDo not use the “underrun bars”, these are usually set in and slippery
7On the load area Keep it tidy – pick up loose ropes, packaging etc. Keep it clean, free of mud/oil that cause slips and tripsReport broken boards and other tripping hazardsFollow any company procedures
8Getting down from the load area DON’T jump off the load areaAlways use the steps or access equipment which is providedGet down backwards, facing the vehicle and using the handholdIf there are problems, report them to your supervisorKeep the area cleanMention your reporting procedure – check that issues raised are being dealt with.Point out that 80% of falls from vehicles are from the load area!
9‘Special’ equipment e.g. Tail-liftsTower and mobile cranesLorry-loader cranesFork-lift trucksFall prevention systems - gantriesSoft landing systems – nets, air/bean bagsIf you use any of these you can put in a reminder about how these should be used, referring to previous training.If you don’t use any of these, take the slide out.
10What the company can doSpecify good access when purchasing new vehiclesRetro-fit equipment if necessaryRespond to ideas for improving accessKeep equipment in good orderProvide slip resistant footwearEnsure supervisors check how people are getting on and off vehiclesSix information sheets have been produced to help management:WPT01 Preventing slips, trips and falls from vehicles: The basicsWPT02 Safe access to road-going vehicles: Specifying the right equipment:WPT Selecting flooring materials to avoid fall from vehiclesWPT04 Selecting the right footwear to avoid fall from vehiclesWPT05 Managing work to avoid falls from vehiclesWPT06 Delivering Safely: cooperating to prevent workplace vehicle accidentsThese are available on the HSE website atIn an employer survey only 17% said they asked workers for ideas!
11What the employee can do Take a few seconds to climb down facing the vehicle – DON’T jumpReport missing or damaged equipmentReport slip, trip and fall hazardsWear correct footwearLook at what other companies do - if you see a good idea, suggest it to your Safety AdviserAny ideas NOW?Repeat the ‘don’t jump’ messageHave examples of any paperwork used to report damage and hazards – or suggest a written, dated note. Explain that telling someone about a problem often doesn’t work as they may forget what has been said if they are in the middle of doing a job.Welcome new ideas. Carefully consider everything suggested. If it is impractical or not reasonably practicable you will need to explain your reasons for rejection otherwise people will think it’s not worth suggesting things. If it is a good idea but you can’t afford a retro-fit, you could agree to add it to the specification for new vehicles