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WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here PREVENTION OF FALLS LEANING LADDERS AND STEPLADDERS PRESENTED BY: (type your name here) 1.

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Presentation on theme: "WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here PREVENTION OF FALLS LEANING LADDERS AND STEPLADDERS PRESENTED BY: (type your name here) 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here PREVENTION OF FALLS LEANING LADDERS AND STEPLADDERS PRESENTED BY: (type your name here) 1

2 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here TRAINING OUTLINE Introduction and what the law says Hazards and pre-use checks Positioning Safe use Quiz 2

3 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here WHY TALK ABOUT LADDERS ? Falls from heights are one of the most common causes of serious injury in the construction industry. In the last five years, approximately 1600 workers in the construction industry in NSW were injured when they fell from a ladder, mobile ramp or stairway. 3

4 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here WHAT THE LAW SAYS The consequences of falling from a height are so great that Clause 56 of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation 2001 sets out a descending order of control to protect persons working at heights. This must be considered before you start work. 4

5 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here LADDERS 5

6 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here BEFORE YOU START WORK ELIMINATE THE RISK Ask yourself: Can the job be done from the ground using extension tools? Can construction or repair of the item be done on the ground? Can the item being accessed be relocated to the ground temporarily or permanently to eliminate the need to work from a height? 6

7 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here BEFORE YOU START WORK REDUCE THE RISK Before you start work consider: using a scaffold either fixed or mobile using secure perimeter screens, fencing, handrails or other form of barrier protection using an elevating work platform - a scissor lift or cherry picker installing fixed stairs or steps. 7

8 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here SAFE ALTERNATIVES You should only consider using a ladder if other alternatives cannot be used or are not reasonably practicable and a ladder can be used safely. There are many more factors to consider before you decide to use a ladder. 8

9 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here BEFORE DECIDING TO USE A LADDER Consider the following: heavy work duration of the job - fatigue proximity of the work to heights such as adjacent to fixed handrails - ie mezzanine floors, balconies etc. worker experience wet weather or slippery surfaces windy weather work near powerlines or live wires anything likely to hit the ladder when it is set up. 9

10 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here BEFORE DECIDING TO USE A LADDER Work outside the ladder styles/over reach. Unstable ground surfaces. Any other factors present that might increase the risk of a fall from a ladder. Consult with workers, contractors and others on site to help you answer these questions. If you cannot eliminate these factors, you will need to take additional precautions or else the work cannot be done safely using a ladder. 10

11 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here REMEMBER Portable ladders should only be used to gain access to an area to carry out light duty work of short duration. 11

12 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here HAZARDS AND PRE-USE CHECKS Why do people fall from ladders? 12

13 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here HAZARDS AND PRE-USE CHECKS Choose the correct ladder for the job - use an industrial ladder, not a domestic one –Portable ladders are rated as either Industrial or Domestic in accordance with their designed service capability and are marked accordingly by a sticker. (Ref. AS 1892) –Industrial ladders have a load rating of not less than 120kg. –Domestic ladders have a load rating of not less than 100kg. 13

14 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here Do not use a metal ladder or a wire-reinforced timber ladder, where electrical hazards exist. Don’t use a damaged ladder - what should you be looking for? Damaged ladders - who do you report damaged equipment to? Ladder storage. HAZARDS AND PRE-USE CHECKS 14

15 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here POSITIONING THE LADDER - GENERAL Do not position a ladder: where it can be knocked where it may get struck by a passing vehicle within 3m of overhead powerlines. Make sure: each foot of the ladder is on a clean, firm footing the ladder is at the correct height. Avoid placing ladders on side or back slopes. 15

16 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here POSITIONING THE LADDER Angle the ladder one out and four up. (means of securing omitted for clarity) 16

17 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here POSITIONING THE LADDER Secure the ladder firmly. Attach ties to the stiles not the rungs of the ladder. Do not place the top of a ladder against a fragile or unstable surface. 17

18 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here Foot the ladder. Never ‘walk’ a ladder. POSITIONING THE LADDER 18

19 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here WORKING FROM A LADDER Maintain three points of contact with the ladder at all times – do NOT over reach. 19

20 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here Do not use the top three steps and only work on a job within easy arm’s reach of the ladder. WORKING FROM A LADDER 20

21 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here Position stepladders with the rungs facing the work activity. WORKING FROM A LADDER 21

22 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here CASE STUDY A 60 year old electrician was drawing cables for a new AC unit up a cavity on a domestic dwelling. He was working by himself off an extension ladder approximately 1.8 m from the ground. The draw wire became caught in the cavity so he used both hands to jerk the wire to free it. The draw wire disengaged from the cable causing him to fall backwards over the fence into the adjoining property. The electrician received fatal head injuries and died while being transported to hospital. 22

23 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here A 27 year old worker fell 6.5 metres from a ladder while installing window awnings. The ladder was leaning against a balcony railing, unsecured, on sloping ground. The ladder slid, arc-like, down the building and hit a tree. The worker is unlikely to ever work again and requires 24-hour care. CASE STUDY 23

24 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here WORKING FROM A LADDER - GENERAL Don’t carry anything in your hands when climbing or descending. Don’t carry heavy or awkward shaped objects on a ladder. Do not throw things from a ladder Don’t rush. Watch where you place your feet at the bottom - make sure you don’t miss the lower rung when you step off. 24

25 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here Consider any medical conditions or drugs that could affect your safety. Do not use tools that require a high degree of leverage. One ladder = one person. Wear the correct footwear. Clean footwear and ladder rungs before using the ladder. Use a stepladder in the fully open position. WORKING FROM A LADDER - GENERAL 25

26 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here KEY MESSAGES REVISED 1.BEFORE you start work consider safer alternatives to ladders. 2.LIGHT work of short duration only. 3.CHOOSE the right ladder for the job. 4.POSITION the ladder correctly. 5.SECURE the ladder. 6.KEEP three points of contact at all times. 7.FACE the ladder when going up or down or when working on it. 8.WORK within the stiles - never over stretch. 9.NEVER go above the third step from the top. 10.USE both hands to grip the ladder when going up or down. 26

27 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here QUIZ 1.What must you do before you consider using a portable ladder for a job? 2.List three things you should be satisfied of before deciding to use a ladder. 3.When you are setting up a ladder, what ratio should you use? 4.Ties should be attached to the rungs of the ladder. True or false? 5.How many points of contact should you keep on the ladder at all times? 27

28 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here QUIZ 6.It is ok to use a domestic ladder for small jobs in the workplace. True or false? 7.List three things you should look for when you are inspecting a ladder for damage 8.You should always face the ladder when working, climbing or descending. True or false? 9.Working outside the ladder stiles is allowed if you can support yourself on a solid surface like a window ledge. True or false? 10.Where the work involves hand tools, they should be carried in a tool belt or bag. True or false? 28

29 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here QUESTIONS 29

30 WorkCover. Watching out for you. Put your Co. Logo Here COPYRIGHT NOTICE Disclaimer This document provides general information about the rights and obligations of workers and employers under the workers compensation and occupational health and safety laws. WorkCover NSW does not guarantee that the information is complete or correct. These materials do not represent a comprehensive statement of the law as it applies to particular problems or to individuals or as a substitute for legal advice. Although all care is taken to ensure that the information is correct at the time of publication, laws change over time and you should check the current legislation to ensure that the information is up to date. You should seek independent legal advice if you need assistance on the application of the law to your situation. Acknowledgement This is a NSW Construction Industry Reference Group project in partnership with WorkCover NSW © WorkCover NSW


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