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FALL PROTECTION. What, me worry? According to the US DOL, falls are the leading cause of worker fatalities in the construction industry. On average, between.

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Presentation on theme: "FALL PROTECTION. What, me worry? According to the US DOL, falls are the leading cause of worker fatalities in the construction industry. On average, between."— Presentation transcript:

1 FALL PROTECTION

2 What, me worry? According to the US DOL, falls are the leading cause of worker fatalities in the construction industry. On average, between workers are killed, and more than 100,000 are injured in falls each year. Failure to have a fall protection plan in place is considered to be a “willful violation”, according to OSHA

3 LADDER SAFETY “Ladders shall be inspected frequently and those which have developed defects shall be withdrawn from service for repair or destruction and tagged or marked as “Dangerous, Do Not Use”” - OSHA , subpart D “Ladders shall be maintained in good condition at all times…” - OSHA , subpart D

4 LADDER SAFETY Placement Considerations Always do a “pre-climb” check to select the best location to place the ladder. –Flat, non-slip surface on the ground –Potential damage where the top of the ladder contacts the building –Check for overhead wires –Check left and right of the ladder for potential hazards in the event the ladder falls

5 LADDER SAFETY Placement Considerations “No ladder should be used to gain access to a roof unless the top of the ladder shall extend at least 3 feet above the point of support, at eave, gutter, or roofline” - OSHA “Portable rung or cleat ladders shall, where possible, be used at such a pitch that the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is one-quarter of the working length of the ladder…” - OSHA “The ladder shall be placed as to prevent slipping, or it shall be lashed or held in position” - OSHA

6 Ladder Safety Lashing a Ladder

7 LADDER SAFETY Step Ladders Make sure you choose the right step ladder for the job. A sticker showing the weight limit, and designed use are affixed to the side rail. Number your ladders, and have the use limits on file in case the sticker comes off.

8 Step Ladders Proper Use Do not climb or stand on the top rung. Ensure that your step ladder is safely placed, just as you would with an extension ladder. If your work area is out of reach, then get a bigger step ladder

9 Vehicle-Mounted Lifts Only trained operators used to operate vehicle- mounted liftsOnly trained operators used to operate vehicle- mounted lifts Vehicles should be checked daily before operationVehicles should be checked daily before operation Companies must have an emergency rescue plan when using vehicle-mounted liftsCompanies must have an emergency rescue plan when using vehicle-mounted lifts All personnel in the lift must wear a body harness w/ an anchor lineAll personnel in the lift must wear a body harness w/ an anchor line Workers accessing the roof from the lift shall remain anchored until they have a firm footing on the roof surfaceWorkers accessing the roof from the lift shall remain anchored until they have a firm footing on the roof surface

10 Vehicle-Mounted Lifts Do not exceed the boom or basket weight limits Do not sit or climb on the edge of the basket, or use planks, ladders, or other devices for a work position.For operations near overhead electric lines, see OSHA (c)(3) Ensure the brakes are set, and the outriggers are positioned, prior to raising the basket

11 Working on Roofs OSHA Requirements “Each employee on a walking/ working surface with an unprotected side or edge which is 6 feet (1.8 m)or more above a lower level shall be protected from falling by the use of guardrail systems, safety net systems, warning line systems or personal fall arrest systems.” - OSHA (b)(1)

12 Working on Roofs Conventional Fall Protection Systems Guardrail System - a barrier erected to prevent employees from falling to lower levelsGuardrail System - a barrier erected to prevent employees from falling to lower levels Personal Fall Arrest System - a system used to arrest an employee in a fall from a working level….As of January 1, 1998, the use of a body belt for fall arrest is prohibited.Personal Fall Arrest System - a system used to arrest an employee in a fall from a working level….As of January 1, 1998, the use of a body belt for fall arrest is prohibited. Safety Net System - a net, erected and supported out from the side of a structure, that is designed to catch a worker in the event of a fall from a working area.Safety Net System - a net, erected and supported out from the side of a structure, that is designed to catch a worker in the event of a fall from a working area. Warning Line System - a barrier erected on a roof to warn employees that they are approaching an unprotected roof side or edge, and which designates an area in which roofing work may take place without the use of guardrail, body belt, or safety net systems to protect employees in the areaWarning Line System - a barrier erected on a roof to warn employees that they are approaching an unprotected roof side or edge, and which designates an area in which roofing work may take place without the use of guardrail, body belt, or safety net systems to protect employees in the area

13 Safety Lines Always inspect your safety line equipment prior to useAlways inspect your safety line equipment prior to use All points along your anchor/ safety line system must be capable of holding a minimum of 5,000 poundsAll points along your anchor/ safety line system must be capable of holding a minimum of 5,000 pounds Free fall distance should be kept at a minimum, and in no case should exceed 6 feet. !Free fall distance should be kept at a minimum, and in no case should exceed 6 feet. ! Prior Planning is the KeyPrior Planning is the Key

14 Safety Lines Rope Selection 5/8 inch Nylon -10,600 1/2 inch Kernmantle-10,000 1/2 inch Polyester- 9,300 1/2 inch Nylon- 9,200

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16 Equipment Check on a Safety Line System

17 Safety Lines Anchorage Points Steel members or I-beams (if an acceptable strap is available) Large eye bolts made of acceptable grade steel Guardrails or railings (if designed for use as an anchor point) Masonry or wood members Mobile home anchors, concrete D-ring anchors

18 Railing Anchor Point

19 Masonry Anchor

20 Mobile Home Anchor

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23 Safety Net System

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25 Working on Roofs Non-conventional Method “Employers engaged in leading edge work…who can demonstrate that it is not feasible or creates a greater hazard to use conventional fall protection systems must develop and follow a fall protection plan” - OSHA , Subpart M, Appendix E

26 Non-Conventional Method Controlled Access Zone The Controlled Access Zone (CAZ) is a point measured 6 feet from the unprotected edge of the roof The job site supervisor designates the CAZ and ensures everyone on the roof knows where it is

27 Working on Roofs Non-conventional Method Employer must develop and follow a fall protection plan that is specific for that job site.Employer must develop and follow a fall protection plan that is specific for that job site. A sample plan is located in Appendix E to Subpart M, OSHA A sample plan is located in Appendix E to Subpart M, OSHA

28 Ropes and Knot Tying Never tie a nylon rope directly to a nylon rope! Use the minimum number of knots required Know how to properly tie the knot

29 Fall Protection Slips and Falls Always wipe up spills Keep walkways uncluttered Keep wires and cords out of walkways (or cover them) Ensure area rugs are secured Mark wet or hazardous walkway areas with a “Caution” sign


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