Presentation on theme: "Construction Industry Top 10 Most Frequently Cited Serious Hazards in FY 2009."— Presentation transcript:
Construction Industry Top 10 Most Frequently Cited Serious Hazards in FY 2009
Objectives Reveal the Top Ten most-frequently cited serious Construction Industry Standards FY The Top Ten List includes data about the citations/violations issued from October 1, 2008, through September 30, 2009.
N.C. Department of Labor OSH Division East and West Compliance Bureaus Agricultural Safety and Health Bureau Consultative Services Bureau Education, Training and Technical Assistance Bureau Planning, Statistics and Information Management Bureau
Most fatalities on construction sites can be categorized into four groups by cause: Falls Struck by object Crushed by object/equipment Electrocution The Big Four
Frequent Inspections Number 1: Accident prevention responsibilities Provide for frequent and regular inspections of the job sites, materials, and equipment to be made by competent persons designated by the employers (b)(2)
Competent person One who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them. Frequent Inspections (b)(2)
Frequent Inspections Nails (b)(2) Would you question the frequency of inspections at this location?
Frequent Inspections (b)(2) Would you question the frequency of inspections at this location?
Fall Protection Number 2: Residential construction Provide employee fall protection when 6 feet or more above lower levels (b)(13)
Fall Protection Does he have fall protection? (b)(13)
Examples of Fall Protection Guardrail System Safety Net Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS) (b)(13)
Personal Protective Equipment Number 3: Eye and face protection Provide employees with eye and face protection when machines or operations present potential eye or face injury from physical, chemical, or radiation agents (a)(1)
Eye and Face Protection (a)(1)
Examples of Eye and Face Protection Welding Helmet Safety Glasses Face Shield
Use of Portable Ladders Number 4: Portable ladders When portable ladders are used for access to an upper landing surface, they must extend 3 feet above landing or be properly secured to access upper landing surface (b)(1)
Portable ladder not extended at least 3 feet above/secured to upper landing surface (b)(1) Use of Portable Ladders
Portable ladder not extended 3 feet above/secured to upper landing surface (b)(1)
Fall Protection Number 5: Unprotected sides and edges Employees shall be protected where walking/working surfaces are 6 feet or more above lower level (b)(1)
Unprotected Sides and Edges Any side or edge (except at entrances to points of access) of a walking/working surface, e.g., floor, roof, ramp, or runway where there is no wall or guardrail system at least 39 inches high (b)(2) (b)(1)
Lack of fall protection on unprotected sides and edges Unprotected Sides and Edges (b)(1)
Fall Protection – Steep Roofs Number 6: Steep roofs Each employee on a steep roof with unprotected sides and edges 6 feet or more above lower levels shall be protected from falling by guardrail systems with toe-boards, safety net systems, or PFAS. Steep roof means a roof having a slope greater than 4 in 12 (vertical to horizontal) (b)(11)
No fall protection (b)(11) Fall Protection – Steep Roofs
Personal Protective Equipment Number 7: Head injury protection Employees working in areas where there is a possible danger of head injury from impact, or from falling or flying objects, or from electrical shock and burns, shall be protected by protective helmets. »Protective helmets must comply with ANSI Z (a)
Lack of head protection for workers with potential head injury hazards (a) Head Injury Protection
Number 8: Training Employer shall provide a training program for each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards. Fall Protection - Training (a)(1)
Workers should know how to properly wear equipment. Workers should know where to tie off. Fall Protection - Training
Is equipment inspected? Is equipment properly maintained? (a)(1) Fall Protection - Training
Scaffolding - Platform Access Number 9: Platform access When scaffold platforms are more than 2 feet above or below a point of access »Use portable ladders, hook-on ladders, attachable ladders, stair towers (scaffold stairways/towers), stairway-type ladders (such as ladder stands), ramps, walkways, integral prefabricated scaffold access, or direct access from another scaffold, structure, personnel hoist or similar surface for access. »Note: Cross braces shall not be used as a means of access (e)(1)
Portable ladder used to access scaffold platform (e)(1) Scaffolding - Platform Access
Scaffolding with inner stairway for climbing (e)(1) Scaffolding - Platform Access
Scaffolding with attached ladder on side (e)(1) Scaffolding - Platform Access
Scaffolding - Fall Protection Number 10: Guardrail systems Guardrail systems shall be installed along open sides and ends of platforms (g)(4)(i)
Mobile scaffolding showing employee protected by a guardrail (g)(4)(i) Scaffolding - Fall Protection
Scaffolding with unprotected workers (g)(4)(i) Scaffolding - Fall Protection
Summary In this course, we discussed the Top Ten most- frequently cited serious standards for the construction industry in FY You should now understand and be able to identify hazards associated with the Top Ten most cited serious OSH violations in the construction industry.
Summary Number 1: (b)(2) - Frequent inspections; provide frequent and regular inspections of the job sites, materials, and equipment by competent persons designated by the employers. Number 2: (b)(13) - Fall protection; employee protected 6 feet or more above lower level in residential construction. Number 3: (a)(1) - Eye and face protection; general requirement for eye and face protection when machines or operations present eye or face injury.
Summary Number 4: (b)(1) - Use of portable ladders; must extend 3 feet above landing or be property secured to access upper landing surface. Number 5: (b)(1) - Fall protection; employees on a walking/working surface (horizontal and vertical surface) with unprotected sides and edges 6 feet or more above lower levels shall have fall protection. Number 6: (b)(11) - Fall protection; employees on a steep roof with unprotected sides and edges 6 feet or more above lower levels shall have fall protection.
Summary Number 7: (a) - PPE; employees working in areas where there is a possible danger of head injury shall be protected by protective helmets. Number 8: (a)(1) - Fall protection training; employer shall provide a training program for each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards. Number 9: (e)(1) - Scaffolding; proper access provided to scaffold platforms that are more than 2 feet above or below access point.
Summary Number 10: (g)(4)(i) - Guardrail systems shall be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms. Construction Industry Injuries Fatalities