Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Info session on Anthropology Honours (Go through visitors entrance from Regent Walk, tell receptionist where youre going, and she will buzz you through.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Info session on Anthropology Honours (Go through visitors entrance from Regent Walk, tell receptionist where youre going, and she will buzz you through."— Presentation transcript:

1 Info session on Anthropology Honours (Go through visitors entrance from Regent Walk, tell receptionist where youre going, and she will buzz you through. Go up stairs to first floor. Room is in that corner above reception.) Wednesday, March 14, 1pm Committee Rm. 3 in U-Office

2 Phonemes Minimal meaningful contrast in sound. Smallest meaningful difference in sounds. The units which we call phonemes are in themselves of no importance: it is the differences among them that count.

3 Phonetics Description of all the sounds in a language Phonology is the study and theory of sounds in Language

4 Vocal tract Points of articulation

5 IPA chart

6 Phonetics websites or Speech Accent Archive The speech accent archive presents speech samples from a variety of language backgrounds. Native and non-native speakers of English read the same paragraph and are carefully transcribed.

7 top stop little kitten hunter Phonetics studies and describes perceptible differences

8 Phonemics analyses meaningful contrasts in sound Voiced vs. unvoiced is a meaningful contrast in English, carries a heavy functional load Bit - pit Done - ton Could - good Minimal Pairs highlight phonemic contrasts

9 Not all differences are meaningful Aspiration in English is not meaningful Top - stop t h t Redundantly associated with voiceless tab - tap b- p or p h

10 Hindi /tali/ = key /t h ali/ = strip /kap/ = cup /kap h / = phlegm /p h l/ = fruit /p l/ = moment /b l/ = strength Other languages contrast aspirated and unaspirated Korean /keda/ = fold /k h eda/ = dig out

11 Stress English: present, object, construct, implant, Pitch/Tone Chinese Length Korean: ildayi:lwork sedato countse:dastrong pamnightpa:mchestnut German : die Stadt, der Staat More examples of phonemic contrasts

12 etics System-external description and analysis Victor Turners first stage of ritual analysis (observe behaviour) Biological genealogies in kinship (parents & children)

13 emics System-internal description and analysis Explains social or cultural elements according to indigenous definitions/categories Victor Turners third stage of ritual analysis (interpretation following internal logic of the culture) Kinship terms (how the natives classify their relatives)

14 Etic Kin terms Ego MZF BZ MBDMBS MMBFZFB MZDMZS S FZDFZSFBDFBS DD DS SD D MBDD FZSD FZSS

15 Emic Kin terms (English) Ego auntfather brothersister cousin motheruncleauntuncle cousin son cousin grand- daughter grand- son grand- daughter grand- son daughter cousin

16 Emic categories of kinship (Hawaiian)

17 Etic distinctions External frameworks or universal classificatory grids Linguistic typologies (e.g., analytic, inflecting, agglutinating, polysynthetic) Linnaean classification of plants & animals (genus, species) Disease (medical pathology) But are these just our (Western) emic categories, deployed universally?

18 emics Not the natives model Boass secondary rationalization, Turners exegetical models Emic models, like phonemes, are constructions formalized by the analyst on the basis of distinctive features present in indigenous usage

19 Hanunoo pronouns Etic distinctions inelegant and inaccurate (person, number, gender, inclusive vs. exclusive) I - 1st, singwe-1st, pl you - 2nd, sing & pl. s/h/it - 3rd, sing (fem/masc/neut)they-3rd, pl. Emic categories are Minimal membership, nonminimal membership Inclusion of speaker, exclusion of speaker Inclusions of hearer, exclusion of hearer Categories not overt in native consciousness

20 Emic paradigms /t/ and /d/ are in meaningful contrast, so are /p/ - /t/ - /k/ Morphological paradigm: l j ubl j u, l j ubish, l j ubit An analogy to cultural paradigms is age grades. In Maasai culture: child, junior, warrior, junior elder, elder

21 Info session on Anthropology Honours (Go through visitors entrance from Regent Walk, tell receptionist where youre going, and she will buzz you through. Go up stairs to first floor. Room is in that corner above reception.) Wednesday, March 14, 1pm Committee Rm. 3 in U-Office


Download ppt "Info session on Anthropology Honours (Go through visitors entrance from Regent Walk, tell receptionist where youre going, and she will buzz you through."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google