Presentation on theme: "English Phonetics and Phonology Presented by Sergio A. Rojas."— Presentation transcript:
English Phonetics and Phonology Presented by Sergio A. Rojas
An Introductory Course
Contents: The branches Linguistics. Phonetics and Phonology. Branches of Phonetics. Articulatory Phonetics. The Organs of speech.
Linguistics The Linguistic Sciences Morphology Grammar Sociolinguistics Phonetics Phonology Pragmatics Applied linguistics Language Acquisition PsycholinguisticsSemantics Other : Stylistic, Computational Linguistics, Lexicon, Neurolinguistics, ….
Fields of study Speech Sounds (Phonic substance) Phonetics Phonology
Fields of study Speech Sounds PhoneticsPhonology
Phonology studies the selection and organization of phonic substance into a meaningful pattern. It deals with both aspects of spoken language, the abstract one ( encoding, decoding ) and the material one ( speech sounds). ( Finch & Ortiz Lira, 1982, A Course in English Phonetics for Spanish Speakers. p 4. Heinemann Educational Books) Phonology
Phonetics Articulatory Auditory Acoustic The speech mechanism. Organs of speech. Articulatory description of phonemes. The physical manifestation of speech sounds. Sound quality, frequency, pitch, duration. Stress, prominence, etc. The Perception of speech sounds. Auditory description of speech sounds. Auditory impression by the hearer.
The study of the organs of speech and how speech sounds are produced. Articulatory Phonetics : Organs of Speech (animation)
The Organs of Speech Articulators Lips. Teeth. Tongue Soft palate Vocal cords Resonators Nasal cavity Oral cavity Pharynx : the vocal activity
Subdivision of the tongue. The Tongue
Classify the following organs of speech into movable and non-movable. Lungs Teeth Nasal cavity tongue Oral cavity Hard palate Vocal cords Larynx Lips Uvula Pharynx Teeth ridge MOVABLENON-MOVABLE
Classify the following organs of speech into movable and non-movable. MOVABLENON-MOVABLE Lips Tongue Uvula Lungs Vocal cords Nasal cavity Oral cavity Pharynx Larynx Hard palate Teeth Teeth ridge : an X-ray movie on the organs of speech