Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Linguistics"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to Linguistics Ms. Suha JawabrehLecture # 3
2 Review: The Components of Language 1. Sounds – Phonetics and Phonology 2. Words – Morphology 3. Phrases and sentences- Syntax 4. Meaning- Semantics and Pragmatics
3 Chapter 1: What is Phonetics? Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that aims to study the sounds of human speech.
4 Why do we need to study Phonetics? -Phonetics will help you improve your English pronunciation. - Phonetics will help you pronounce English words correctly.
5 The Vocal Tract- The vocal tract is a group of organs involved in the production of speech sounds. - For speech to occur, air must be forced up out of the lungs, up the trachea (windpipe), and into the vocal tract .
12 When the vocal folds are spread apart, the air from the lungs passes between . them freely. Sounds produced in this way are described as voiceless.Examples of voiceless sounds:[s],[f].When the vocal folds are drawn together, the air from the lungs repeatedly pushes them apart as it passes through, creating a vibration effect. Sounds produced in this way are described as voiced.Examples of voiced sounds:[z],[v].
13 PracticeDecide if the following sounds are voiced (V-) or voiceless (V-): 1. [k] 2.[g] 3.[t] 4.[m] 5.[h]