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Georgia Studies Unit 3-Statehood, Revolution, and Westward Expansion Unit 3-Statehood, Revolution, and Westward Expansion Lesson 1-Cause of the American.

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Presentation on theme: "Georgia Studies Unit 3-Statehood, Revolution, and Westward Expansion Unit 3-Statehood, Revolution, and Westward Expansion Lesson 1-Cause of the American."— Presentation transcript:

1 Georgia Studies Unit 3-Statehood, Revolution, and Westward Expansion Unit 3-Statehood, Revolution, and Westward Expansion Lesson 1-Cause of the American Revolution Lesson 1-Cause of the American Revolution

2 Lesson 1-Causes of the American Revolution Essential Question Essential Question -How did the causes of the American Revolution impact Georgia? -Why was trade so important to the colonies during the American Revolution?

3 North America, 1754 Spain claimed Florida and Mexico Spain claimed Florida and Mexico France claimed land from Louisiana to the Great Lakes, and parts of Canada; New Orleans (south) and Detroit (north) anchored French settlements France claimed land from Louisiana to the Great Lakes, and parts of Canada; New Orleans (south) and Detroit (north) anchored French settlements Great Britain had established the 13 colonies along the Atlantic coast Great Britain had established the 13 colonies along the Atlantic coast

4 French and Indian War Origins France and Great Britain wanted the treasures of the American continent France and Great Britain wanted the treasures of the American continent Both countries feared the other would gain the most power Both countries feared the other would gain the most power France had the stronger army with more experienced leadership; British had better navy France had the stronger army with more experienced leadership; British had better navy Both sides had allies with certain Indian tribes Both sides had allies with certain Indian tribes

5 The French and Indian War Both sides claimed the Ohio River Valley area Both sides claimed the Ohio River Valley area The French built several forts in the area; many Indians sided with the French The French built several forts in the area; many Indians sided with the French The Virginia governor sent Captain George Washington with soldiers to Fort Necessity; a battle erupted The Virginia governor sent Captain George Washington with soldiers to Fort Necessity; a battle erupted The war soon spread to Europe; by 1758, the British controlled the Ohio Valley The war soon spread to Europe; by 1758, the British controlled the Ohio Valley The Treaty of Paris (1763) ended the war; the British were victorious. The Treaty of Paris (1763) ended the war; the British were victorious.

6 Georgia and the Wars Aftermath Treaty of Paris set Georgias western boundary at the Mississippi River Treaty of Paris set Georgias western boundary at the Mississippi River Proclamation of 1763 (King George III): Georgias southern boundary set at St. Marys River; Georgia colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains as the land was reserved for Native Americans. Proclamation of 1763 (King George III): Georgias southern boundary set at St. Marys River; Georgia colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains as the land was reserved for Native Americans. Cherokee and Creek tribes gave up land claims north of Augusta and the costal region Cherokee and Creek tribes gave up land claims north of Augusta and the costal region

7 Unhappy with British Acts Great Britain needed money; much debt and security expenses resulted from the French and Indian War Great Britain needed money; much debt and security expenses resulted from the French and Indian War Sugar Act: tax on sugar and molasses imported from the West Indies Sugar Act: tax on sugar and molasses imported from the West Indies Stamp Act: tax on newspapers, legal documents, and licenses Stamp Act: tax on newspapers, legal documents, and licenses Georgians disapproved of these acts Georgians disapproved of these acts

8 The Liberty Boys Part of larger group, the Sons of Liberty Part of larger group, the Sons of Liberty Georgians who came together to oppose the Stamp Act Georgians who came together to oppose the Stamp Act Some called them Liberty Brawlers Some called them Liberty Brawlers Met in taverns, such as Savannahs Tondees Tavern Met in taverns, such as Savannahs Tondees Tavern Georgia only colony to actually sell the stamps Georgia only colony to actually sell the stamps Stamp Act was eventually repealed Stamp Act was eventually repealed

9 Protests Increase Georgia protested the British taxation (acts) to a small extent. The other 12 colonies were more directly effected by many of these acts and reacted (protested) more strongly. Georgia protested the British taxation (acts) to a small extent. The other 12 colonies were more directly effected by many of these acts and reacted (protested) more strongly. Noble Wimberly Jones, speaker of Georgia colonial assembly, led Townshend Act protests Noble Wimberly Jones, speaker of Georgia colonial assembly, led Townshend Act protests Townshend Acts: placed import taxes on tea, paper, glass, and coloring for paints Townshend Acts: placed import taxes on tea, paper, glass, and coloring for paints Governor Wright disbanded the assembly to try to end the protests Governor Wright disbanded the assembly to try to end the protests

10 Intolerable Acts Boston Tea Party-Protest against the Tea Act in Boston, Massachusetts on December 16, Members of the Sons of Liberty, dressed as Native Americans, dumped 90,000 lbs. of tea into Boston Harbor. Boston Tea Party-Protest against the Tea Act in Boston, Massachusetts on December 16, Members of the Sons of Liberty, dressed as Native Americans, dumped 90,000 lbs. of tea into Boston Harbor. Great Britain punished the Massachusetts colony by creating the Coercive Acts Great Britain punished the Massachusetts colony by creating the Coercive Acts

11 Intolerable Acts The Intolerable Acts had four major effects: The Intolerable Acts had four major effects: 1. Closed Boston Harbor 2. Cancelled the Massachusetts Royal Charter 3. British officials accused of crimes in Massachusetts were tried in Great Britain. 4. Quartering Act-Citizens of Massachusetts were forced to house and feed British troops at their own experience.

12 Declaration of Independence Thomas Paines Common Sense pamphlet encourage colonies to break from Great Britain; sold more than 500,000 copies Thomas Paines Common Sense pamphlet encourage colonies to break from Great Britain; sold more than 500,000 copies Other pamphlets, including The Crisis influenced opinion Other pamphlets, including The Crisis influenced opinion August 2, 1776:Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton (representatives from Georgia) sign the Declaration of Independence August 2, 1776:Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton (representatives from Georgia) sign the Declaration of Independence The Declaration meant the colonists were one nation; Georgians prepared for war The Declaration meant the colonists were one nation; Georgians prepared for war

13 Georgia Studies Unit 3: Revolution in Georgia Unit 3: Revolution in Georgia Lesson 2: The Revolutionary War Period Lesson 2: The Revolutionary War Period

14 Lesson 2-The Revolutionary War Period Essential Question Essential Question - What role did Georgia and its citizens play in the American Revolution? - What role did Georgia and its citizens play in the American Revolution?

15 First Continental Congress Many of the British colonies in North America had began to protest taxation as long as they were not represented in British Parliament. Many of the British colonies in North America had began to protest taxation as long as they were not represented in British Parliament. 12 of the 13 colonies sent representatives to the First Continental Congress; Georgia was not represented. 12 of the 13 colonies sent representatives to the First Continental Congress; Georgia was not represented. Urged colonies to establish Committees of Safety Urged colonies to establish Committees of Safety Agreed to stop all trade with Britain Agreed to stop all trade with Britain Carried on its work in secret Carried on its work in secret Provincial Congress held in Savannah in January 1775; less than one-half of Georgias parishes were represented Provincial Congress held in Savannah in January 1775; less than one-half of Georgias parishes were represented

16 Second Continental Congress Met in Philadelphia after Lexington and Concord battles in Massachusetts. Met in Philadelphia after Lexington and Concord battles in Massachusetts. Drafted petition for King George III, asking for end of unfriendly steps against the colonies Drafted petition for King George III, asking for end of unfriendly steps against the colonies George III refused to accept the petition George III refused to accept the petition Authorized Continental Army Authorized Continental Army Georgias Lyman Hall arrived in May 1775 Georgias Lyman Hall arrived in May 1775 August 2, 1776: Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton sign the Declaration of Independence August 2, 1776: Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton sign the Declaration of Independence

17 Georgias Second Provincial Congress Held at Tondees Tavern in Savannah in July 1775 Held at Tondees Tavern in Savannah in July 1775 Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun, Noble Wimberly Jones, and Reverend John Zubly chosen to represent Georgia in Philadelphia Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun, Noble Wimberly Jones, and Reverend John Zubly chosen to represent Georgia in Philadelphia Delegates given no specific instructions; told to make best decisions for Georgians Delegates given no specific instructions; told to make best decisions for Georgians Governor Wright fled colony in early 1776; Council of Safety established Rules and Regulations to govern Georgia Governor Wright fled colony in early 1776; Council of Safety established Rules and Regulations to govern Georgia

18 Revolutionary War Fighting in Georgia Georgia was divided between patriots and loyalists. Georgia was divided between patriots and loyalists. Savannah captured and looted by British troops in December 1778; lootings, murders, and burnings occurred Savannah captured and looted by British troops in December 1778; lootings, murders, and burnings occurred Sunbury port captured in early 1779; Augusta was also attacked Sunbury port captured in early 1779; Augusta was also attacked Georgia militia not effective against well-trained British troops. French military leaders and reinforcements were brought in to train and assist the Continental Army. Georgia militia not effective against well-trained British troops. French military leaders and reinforcements were brought in to train and assist the Continental Army. Governor Wright eventually returned from Great Britain to govern Georgia. Continued to govern from Savannah until Governor Wright eventually returned from Great Britain to govern Georgia. Continued to govern from Savannah until 1783.

19 Battle of Kettle Creek (1779) Colonel Elijah Clarke led Georgia militia, defeated 800 British troops near Washington, Georgia Colonel Elijah Clarke led Georgia militia, defeated 800 British troops near Washington, Georgia Great victory for morale of the militia and Georgians seeking independence Great victory for morale of the militia and Georgians seeking independence Won badly-needed weapons and horses from the British Won badly-needed weapons and horses from the British

20 Siege of Savannah (1779) 15,000 Americans and 4,000 French laid siege to Savannah 15,000 Americans and 4,000 French laid siege to Savannah Attack on October 9 resulted in 1,000 American and French deaths in less than an hour; only 40 British troops died Attack on October 9 resulted in 1,000 American and French deaths in less than an hour; only 40 British troops died Polish Count Casimir Pulaski killed Polish Count Casimir Pulaski killed Savannah remained under British control, and the leadership of James Wright, for nearly four more years Savannah remained under British control, and the leadership of James Wright, for nearly four more years Guerrilla warfare continued in the Georgia backcountry Guerrilla warfare continued in the Georgia backcountry

21 Georgia Wartime Heroes Nancy Hart single-handedly captured a group of British loyalists who bragged of murdering an American colonel; Hart County is the only county named for a woman Nancy Hart single-handedly captured a group of British loyalists who bragged of murdering an American colonel; Hart County is the only county named for a woman Austin Dabney fought with distinction and was wounded at Kettle Creek; he also saved Elijah Clarkes life during that battle. Austin Dabney fought with distinction and was wounded at Kettle Creek; he also saved Elijah Clarkes life during that battle.

22 The War Ends Elijah Clarke, the Georgia Militia, and the Continental Army regain Augusta from British in June 1781; 11 battles or skirmishes fought in Georgia during the war Elijah Clarke, the Georgia Militia, and the Continental Army regain Augusta from British in June 1781; 11 battles or skirmishes fought in Georgia during the war George Washington, with French help, force British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia in October 1781 George Washington, with French help, force British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia in October 1781 British leave Savannah in the spring of 1782 British leave Savannah in the spring of 1782 Treaty of Paris (September 1783) ends war; treaty is signed by United States, Great Britain, and France Treaty of Paris (September 1783) ends war; treaty is signed by United States, Great Britain, and France


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