Presentation on theme: "French and Indian War The French and their Native American allies fought against England Spain joined the war siding with the French England still won."— Presentation transcript:
1 French and Indian WarThe French and their Native American allies fought against EnglandSpain joined the war siding with the FrenchEngland still won the war in the colonies and overseas
2 The Proclamation of 1763The Proclamation was a law that no more settlers were to come on the Indian's land west of the Appalachian Mountains.The King drew a line on a map along the middle of the Appalachian Mountains, from New York to Georgia.This proclamation also said that the settlers who were already living there had to move east.
3 Georgia Changes ShapeThe western border of GA changed from California to the Mississippi RiverThe southern border changed to the St. Mary’s RiverTreaty of Augusta with the Creek tripled GA’s size
5 Stamp Act Enacted by Parliament All legal and commercial documents had to have the “official” stampGeorgia delegates did NOT attend the Stamp Act CongressGeorgia was the only colony where the stamp was purchased
6 The Tea Act and the Boston Tea Party Law that made Britain’s East India company the only company that could sell imported tea in the colonies. I had a “monopoly” on tea.The Boston Tea Party:The most famous protest. Colonists (Sons of Liberty) disguised as Indians boarded the tea ships and dumped the tea into the water. (Worth $1 million in today’s money. )
7 The Intolerable Acts 1774Boston Harbor is closed until the dumped tea has been paid forRevolutionary groups such as the Sons of Liberty are outlawed and town meetings can only be held once a yearQuartering Act is passed – House and feed British soldiers
8 Georgia’s Response to the Acts Georgia decided NOT to send any delegates to the First Continental Congress (meeting in Philadelphia in response to the Intolerable Acts )A group of 30 men met twice at Peter Tondee’s Tavern in Savannah about the ActsGeorgia felt it needed to keep good relations with the British militaryLyman Hall wanted to go to the Congress but he didn’t get the support he needed
9 The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere April 18, 1775 Paul Revere and two other riders were sent to warn the Patriots (defenders of colonial government) that the British Army was on its way to Lexington.The British army wanted the Patriots’ store of weapons.The resulting confrontation was the first battle of the American Revolution.
10 The Shot Heard Round the World Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the Revolutionary War--Massachusetts (May 1775)Colonists had to decide whether they were Loyalists (loyal to Britain) or Patriots (rebelled against Britain)Loyalists were also called Tories and Patriots were also called Whigs
11 Loyalists and Patriots in GA Loyalists (Tories) understood how much Britain was doing to help them, such as government officials, Anglican ministers, Indian traders, and some of the planters and small farmers that were doing well under British rule.Patriots (Whigs) hated the taxes imposed on themPatriots believed that British policies were taking away rights that had been guaranteed them as British citizens.Patriot groups included the Scots around Darien, the Jews in Savannah, and the New England CongregationalistsLoyalists included the Quakers and the Germans at Ebenezer
12 Why Had Georgia Been Slower to Rebel? Georgia was younger. Many of Georgia’s older settlers had come directly from Great Britain and still had close ties.Georgia had many exposed frontiers that could be attacked by Indians and the British government had maintained mostly friendly relations with the Indians. If relations with Indians became less friendly, the British soldiers were needed for defense.Most Georgians genuinely like their royal governor, James Wright. He had helped Georgia prosper.
13 Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence, written in 1776, summarized the colonists’ reasons for separating from Great Britain.The document explained their natural rights that came from “the Creator,” not the King.The document made clear that the colonies were free and independent states united in a common cause.Three Georgians pledged their lives by signing the document: Dr. Lyman Hall, George Walton, and Button Gwinnett.