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Canada- Northern Neighbor to the USA. Map of Canada What is the impact of location on the country of Canada? What is the impact of location on the country.

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Presentation on theme: "Canada- Northern Neighbor to the USA. Map of Canada What is the impact of location on the country of Canada? What is the impact of location on the country."— Presentation transcript:

1 Canada- Northern Neighbor to the USA

2 Map of Canada What is the impact of location on the country of Canada? What is the impact of location on the country of Canada?

3 Canadas location Located north of the United States Located north of the United States Second largest country in the world Second largest country in the world Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the East, The Pacific Ocean on the west and the Arctic on the north Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the East, The Pacific Ocean on the west and the Arctic on the north

4 The Land Towering mountains, clear lakes, and lush forests make Canada's far west a region of great natural beauty. Towering mountains, clear lakes, and lush forests make Canada's far west a region of great natural beauty. Farther inland, fields of wheat and other grains cover vast prairies in the central western part of Canada Farther inland, fields of wheat and other grains cover vast prairies in the central western part of Canada In the north are arctic wastelands In the north are arctic wastelands largest population centers and industrial areas are near the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River in central eastern Canada largest population centers and industrial areas are near the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River in central eastern Canada Fishing villages in the east bordering the Atlantic Ocean Fishing villages in the east bordering the Atlantic Ocean

5 Climate varies from temperate in south to sub arctic and arctic in north varies from temperate in south to sub arctic and arctic in north

6 History and Development of Canada SS6H4 Students will describe the impact of European contact on Canada SS6H4 Students will describe the impact of European contact on Canada Essential question- What is the influence of the English and the French on Canada? Essential question- What is the influence of the English and the French on Canada?

7 History First inhabitants came from Asia 15,000 years ago First inhabitants came from Asia 15,000 years ago Europeans who settled Canada came mainly from Great Britain and France Europeans who settled Canada came mainly from Great Britain and France Canada came to be ruled by Great Britain from 1763 until 1931 Canada came to be ruled by Great Britain from 1763 until 1931 Many French speaking people settled in Quebec- a province Many French speaking people settled in Quebec- a province

8 Population Speak English and French because of the influence of exploration by the French and British Speak English and French because of the influence of exploration by the French and British Ottawa in the province of Ontario is the capitol of Canada Ottawa in the province of Ontario is the capitol of Canada Greatest area of population located around the Great Lakes and the St Lawrence waterway Greatest area of population located around the Great Lakes and the St Lawrence waterway Picture of Picture of Toronto, Canada's largest city and chief center of industry

9 Great Lakes area

10 Government Government is a constitutional monarchy Government is a constitutional monarchy King or queen of United Kingdom is head of state and symbolic leader, but very little real power King or queen of United Kingdom is head of state and symbolic leader, but very little real power Has a parliamentary democracy- people elect members of parliament Has a parliamentary democracy- people elect members of parliament Parliament chooses the prime minister, chief executive of country and head of military Parliament chooses the prime minister, chief executive of country and head of military

11 Government Continued Prime minister leads the sessions of parliament Prime minister leads the sessions of parliament

12 Distribution of power in Canada Federal government Federal government Power divided between central government and ten provinces Power divided between central government and ten provinces Men and women 18 years and older may vote, but are not required to vote Men and women 18 years and older may vote, but are not required to vote Level of freedom is among the highest in the world Level of freedom is among the highest in the world

13 Economy Known for fertile farmland and rich natural resources Known for fertile farmland and rich natural resources Manufacturing, farming, service industries are major economic activities Manufacturing, farming, service industries are major economic activities Government in Canada plays more direct role in economy- government provides health care Government in Canada plays more direct role in economy- government provides health care NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement- United States, Canada, and Mexico formed this to remove trade barriers NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement- United States, Canada, and Mexico formed this to remove trade barriers

14 Literacy Rate definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 99% literate definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 99% literate

15 Contemporary issues in Canada Quebecs Independent Movement Important part of Canada Important part of Canada Electronics and computer industries based in Quebec Electronics and computer industries based in Quebec Some people in Quebec want to form an independent country Some people in Quebec want to form an independent country People in Quebec are afraid French language and cultural practices will be lost People in Quebec are afraid French language and cultural practices will be lost Laws have been passed to protect the language and cultural heritage in Quebec Laws have been passed to protect the language and cultural heritage in Quebec Separatists- those who want an independent Quebec Separatists- those who want an independent Quebec


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