2Causes of the American Revolution SS8H3 The student will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution.a. Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution and their impact on Georgia; include the French and Indian War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration of Independence.
3Causes of the American Revolution SS8H3 The student will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution.Analyze: to divide a complex idea into parts or elements: dissect, break down
4Unit 7 Revolution Causes of the American Revolution NounsVerbs
5Causes of the American Revolution Element a. Find the major verbs and nouns and label them on your “T” Chart.Element a.Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution and their impact on GeorgiaFrench and Indian War (i.e., Seven Years War)Proclamation of 1763Stamp ActIntolerable ActsDeclaration of Independence.
6Unit 7: Revolution, Causes of the American Revolution ExplainDescribeNounsVerbs
7Unit 7: Revolution, Causes of the American Revolution Causes of the American Revolution and impact on GA:French and Indian War (Seven Years War)Proclamation of 1763Stamp ActIntolerable ActsDeclaration of IndependenceHow Georgians engage in trade in different historical time periods:Trade during the American RevolutionExplainDescribeNounsVerbs
8Big IdeaWhat were the causes, both immediate and long term of the American Revolution? What was the significance of Georgia and it’s colonists in this conflict? How did past experience of the patriots with England’s monarchy influence their decisions regarding a new form of government?
9Georgia and the American Revolution The immediate and long term causes of the American Revolution did not have the same impact on Georgia as other colonies.
11French and Indian WarAlso known as the Seven’s Year War-part of a worldwide war-in Europe and IndiaFought over land:Ohio Valley-far from Georgia-Began in American spread to EuropeIndians fought with the French against the BritishBritish won
12Result of War Treaty of Paris 1763 France gave up Canada and all land East of the Mississippi River (except New Orleans) Spain lost Florida Indians all lands between the Ogeechee and Savannah rivers Proclamation of 1763 Stamp Act 1765Will have another Treaty of Paris laterWhy we have the French quarters
14Georgia’s Part Georgia did not take part in the war But the effect on Georgia was:Georgia’s boundaries did change1. Indians gave up all lands between theOgeechee and Savannah rivers north toAugusta (2nd oldest city)2. Georgia’s western boundary now theMississippi River
15Britain had gone into debt from the war Result of the warBritain had gone into debt from the warTo pay off this debt, Parliament passed new laws on boundaries and taxes.
17The Proclamation of 1763Forbade colonists from settling lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.Issued by King George III to stabilize relations between Great Britain and Native American tribes (they could not afford to fight another costly war with the Native Americans over territory).Angered many colonist who had hopes of gaining new land (many simply ignored the Proclamation and settled the new lands anyway).
20The Proclamation of 1763Georgia did not share the same reactions to the Proclamation of 1763the youngest colony and was still dependent on BritainGeorgia gained land and resources from the French and Indian WarSouthern border moved to the St. Mary’s RiverIndian ceded land between Ogeechee andSavannah Rivers
21The Stamp Act 1765 “No Taxation without Representation” French and Indian War had been costly for the British. In order to help pay for the war, the British government, and members of Parliament placed new taxes on the colonies.Being directly taxed for the first time, without colonial “representation” in the British Parliament, led to protests throughout the colonies.“No Taxation without Representation”
23Stamp Act Continued Taxed items included: newspaperslicenseslegal documentsAll forms of printed materialsReaction to this act in the colonies was swift and often violent.Some of these citizens, mainly from the middle and upper classes, joined a group called the “Sons of Liberty” in response to these taxes
24Extra Credit:Were people tarred and feathered? If so, who was? Where did this occur? Give your source- Write it up in your own words -paragraph form Deadline: Friday!!
25Stamp Act In GeorgiaDue to Georgia’s small population, strong royal governor, James Wright, and economic dependence on Great Britain, its response to the Stamp Act was not as violent as it was in other colonies.Georgia was the only colony where a small number of stamps were sold.Resistance to the Stamp Act: Several prominent Georgians spoke out against this act and on November 6, 1765, a group affiliated with the Sons of Liberty called the “Liberty Boys” was established to oppose the Stamp Act.
26The Boston Tea Party 1773The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, against the tea tax. A tax to raise money for the British government. They had to buy tea from the East India Tea Company
27The Intolerable ActsIn response, to the Boston Tea Party, the British issued the Intolerable ActsThe British refused to repeal these acts until the tea was paid for.
28The Intolerable Acts laws to punishment the colonies by King George III Port of Boston closed, except for British ships.Massachusetts colonists could not hold town meetings unless authorized by the Royal Governor.British officials accused of crimes were sent back to England to stand trial.The Quartering Act, citizens of Massachusetts had to house and feed British soldiers at the citizens’ expense. (this one was so disapproved of that it is explicitly outlawed by the U.S. Bill of Rights)
30The Intolerable Acts in GA Georgia colony divided loyalties.Royal governor James Wright slowed down the reactions of the Georgia colonist.Some colonist were outraged by the Intolerable Acts and loyal to the patriot cause, such as Noble W. Jones and Peter Tondee.Georgia was the only colony that did not send a representative to the First Continental Congress.Georgia was still dependent on Britain for goods and services.
31First Continental Congress Result of Intolerable Acts:Colonist believe British Parliament violatingtheir rights12 colonies sent representatives to the First Continental CongressAgreed to boycott British goodsGeorgia’s reactionMinimal- still divided loyalties to BritainGeorgia only colony not to send a representative
32The British government is violating our rights I am tired of the British and their acts!!Where are the Georgia delegates?You know they are divided on their loyalties
33The Declaration of Independence Declares the colonies’ independence from Great Britain.Adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, The declaration was drafted by Thomas Jefferson.The document is divided into three parts:Preamble ( explains natural rights of the people)The Grievances ( a long list of grivences/problems with the King)The Declaration ( colonists official announcement of separation)
34Declaration of Independence By this point in Georgia, Royal Governor James Wright was removed from power and the colony was under patriot rule.Three Georgians, Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton, attended the Second Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence.All of the patriots who signed this document, put their lives on the line.