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US History Midterm Review

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Presentation on theme: "US History Midterm Review"— Presentation transcript:

1 US History Midterm Review

2 To address the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, delegates at the Constitutional Convention agreed to: eliminate the slave trade increase the powers of the central government decrease the number of states allow states to set tariff rates

3 What was the primary reason that slavery became more widespread in the South than in the North?
The abolitionist movement was based in the North The textile industry was controlled by southern merchants Opposition to slavery by the Anglican Church was stronger in the North Geographic factors contributed to the growth of the southern plantation system

4 Until the early 20th century, few restrictions on immigration to the United States existed primarily because Industry needed an increasing supply of labor Immigration totals had always been relatively low Labor unions had always favored unrestricted immigration The Supreme Court ruled that Congress could not restrict immigration

5 A major purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to
limit European influence in the Western Hemisphere establish United States colonies in South America form military alliances with Latin American nations avoid involvement in Canadian conflicts

6 Which term did Americans use in the 1840s to describe the idea that the United States should possess the entire continent? Containment Globalization Manifest Destiny popular sovereignty

7 During the late 1800s, monopolies and trusts were used by big business in an effort to
increase imports limit competition improve working conditions reduce corporate income taxes

8 During the late 1800s, industrialization in the United States led to
the growth of the middle class an overall decline in labor union membership the creation of affirmative action programs a decrease in the use of natural resources

9 The Interstate Commerce Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act were attempts by Congress to:
regulate the activities of big business protect consumers against unsafe products impose government regulations on agricultural production bring transportation activities under government ownership

10 In the 19th century, protective tariffs, subsidies for railroads, and open immigration showed that the federal government followed a policy of: support for economic development noninterference in the free-market system regulation of unfair business practices support for organized labor

11 In the late 1800s and early 1900s, many members of Congress supported legislation requiring literacy tests for immigrants in an attempt to: stop illegal immigration from Latin America provide highly skilled workers for industry limit the power of urban political machines restrict immigration from southern and eastern Europe

12 As a result of the Spanish-American War, Spain gave the United States control of Puerto Rico, Cuba, and which of the following: Alaska Hawaii The Panama Canal Zone The Philippines

13 The Spanish-American War was a turning point in United States foreign policy because the United States developed a plan for peaceful coexistence emerged as a major world power pledged neutrality in future European conflicts refused to become a colonial power

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