Presentation on theme: "Unit 2 Exam Review The Gilded Age"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 2 Exam Review The Gilded Age U.s. historyUnit 2 Exam ReviewThe Gilded Age
2Question 1Which goal was shared by both the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor?to help large corporations to increase their productionto introduce new and innovative techniques to factoriesto promote immigration of skilled workers from Asia and Europeto organize workers to demand better conditions from employers
3Question 2In the late 1800s, which factor directly contributed to the growth of the American steel industry?government regulationemployee ownershipnew production techniquesthe formation of labor unions
4Question 3The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 and the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 were efforts by the federal government toregulate aspects of business.expand the positive features of the trusts.favor big businesses over small companies.move toward government ownership of key industries.
5Question 4In the late nineteenth century, critics of big business claimed that monopolies in the United States harmed the economy byunfairly limiting competition.decreasing the urban growth rate.preventing technological innovation.failing to keep pace with European industries.
6Question 5During the late 1800s, what was a major effect of industrialization on America’s workers?Membership in unions declined.Workers migrated to rural regions.Most factory jobs became service industry jobs.Skilled craftsmen were often replaced by unskilled machine operators.
7Question 6What social issue was raised by many philanthropic activities of many American business leaders during the Gilded Age?Should private industries be taken over by worker organizations?Were American businesses charging too much for their products?Should state governments limit the philanthropic activities of private citizens?Was it right for business owners to pay low wages to their workers to finance philanthropic activities?
8Question 7Which best describes a positive contribution of Andrew Carnegie?Carnegie helped workers obtain better conditions in his factories.Carnegie showed how to organize large-scale production as well as how to use profits in philanthropic activities.Carnegie obtained secret rebates from railroad companies shipping his product.Carnegie obtained near monopoly control of one part of a national industry, rather than engaging in several related activities.
9Question 8Which was an important benefit of the laissez-faire policies of the federal government in the late nineteenth century?American entrepreneurs were able to invest in their businesses with little government interference.American businesses were able to avoid the ups and downs of the business cycle.American workers found it easy to organize into labor unions.American workers felt secure about the safety of conditions in factories.
10Question 9During the period from , disputes between labor and business owners were sometimes marked bythe use of violence by both sides.cooperative efforts to resolve differences.government support for striking workers.negotiations by the federal government.
11Question 10What was the main purpose of the antitrust legislation passed by Congress?to promote corporate consolidationto restrict foreign access to American marketsto protect competition between private businessesto reduce the average size of business
12Question 11The statement “God gave me my money. I believe the power to make money is a gift from God to be developed and used for the good of mankind,” was probably said byJohn D. RockefellerTerrance PowderlySamuel GompersThomas Edison
13Question 12What was an important effect of industrialization in the United States in the later part of the nineteenth century?People began to move from cities to rural areas.The urban population declined.The rate of expansion of railroad lines began to drop.The proportion of Americans living in cities continuously increased.
14Question 13Nativists in California in the 1880s would most likely have supported thecreation of settlement houses to aid new immigrants.passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act.continuation of the contract labor system.assimilation of Native American Indians into mainstream culture.
15Question 14After 1880, where did the majority of “New Immigrants” to the United States come from?Northern and Western EuropeCanada and Latin AmericaSouthern and Eastern EuropeChina and Southeast Asia
16Question 15During the last part of the nineteenth century, most immigrants to the United States found work asunskilled factory and sweatshop workerseducated professionalsscientists and techniciansskilled craftsmen
17Question 16During the late 1800s and early 1900s, prejudice against “New Immigrants” increased because these immigrantshad job skills superior to those of most American workers.formed their own labor unions in order to receive higher wages.came from cultural backgrounds different from those of the majority of Americans.tried to replace American democracy with other forms of government.
18Question 17What major trend occurred to the population of the United States during the industrial expansion of the late nineteenth century?Farm population increased.Migration to rural areas increased.Immigration decreased.Urbanization increased.
19Question 18In the late 1800s, why did Congress pass restrictions on immigration from China?to stop illegal immigration from Latin Americato provide highly skilled workers for industryto limit the power of urban political machinesto satisfy nativist prejudices in California
20Question 19Between 1880 and 1900, most immigrants coming to the United States settled in cities becausefactory and workshop jobs were available there.little available farmland remained in the Midwest.most immigrants came from large cities in Europe.city laws afforded special rights and protections for immigrants.
21Question 20Which demographic shift occurred in the United States in the late nineteenth century as a result of industrialization?Northerners moved to the Sun Belt states.Rural residents moved into urban areas.Working class people left the cities to move to the suburbs.African Americans moved from the North to the South.
22Question 21 What was a successful example of “Americanization”? The Dawes Act led Native Americans to sell their lands.The Homestead Act made federal land available to settlers.The children of New Immigrants learned English in public schools.Congress prohibited the immigration of Chinese workers.
23Answer Key 1. D 2. C 3. A 4. A 5. D 6. D 7. B 8. A 9. A 10. C 11. A 12. D 13. B 14. C 15. A 16. C 17. D 18. D 19. A 20. B 21. C