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SOL Review American History

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Presentation on theme: "SOL Review American History"— Presentation transcript:

1 SOL Review American History

2 At the turn of the century, why did most immigrants to the United States settle in cities?
Jobs were readily available. Government relief programs required immigrants to settle in cities. Labor union leaders encouraged unrestricted immigration. Immigrants were not permitted to buy farmland.

3 Which statement about immigration to the United States during the 19th century is most valid?
Organized labor supported unlimited immigration. Most immigrants to the United States were illegal aliens. Industrial growth led to a demand for cheap immigrant labor. Few immigrants came from western Europe.

4 Which statement about immigration to the United States is most accurate?
The desire for economic advancement has been a major reason for immigration to the United States The ethnic mix of immigrants to the United States has remained mostly unchanged. The number of immigrants has remained constant in each decade during most of United States history. Nearly all immigrants have easily assimilated into American culture.

5 What was the experience of most of the “new immigrants” who arrived in the United States from southern and eastern Europe in the late 1800s and early 1900s? They lived in urban areas and most held low paying jobs. They obtained free land in the West and became farmers. They became discouraged with America and returned to their homelands. They were easily assimilated into mainstream American culture.

6 Between 1890 and 1915, the majority of immigrants to the United States were labeled “new immigrants” because they were considered physically and mentally superior to earlier immigrants forced to settle in the cities of the Midwest from China, Japan, and other Asian countries culturally different from most earlier immigrants

7 Which expression most accurately illustrates the concept of Nativism?
“Help Wanted — Irish Need Not Apply” “Go West, young man.” “America — first in war and peace” “The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself.”

8 Between 1870 and 1920, the federal government placed few restrictions on immigration primarily because it wanted to sell land in the West recruit men for the military ensure that there would be workers for the factories avoid offending foreign governments

9 In the late 19th century, the major argument used by labor union leaders against immigrants was that immigrants contributed little to enrich American life refused to assimilate into American culture took jobs from United States citizens placed financial drains on social services

10 The Gentlemen’s Agreement, literacy tests, and the quota system were all attempts by Congress to restrict immigration property ownership voting rights access to public education

11 The “new immigrants” to the United States between 1890 and 1915 came primarily from
southern and eastern Europe northern and western Europe East Asia Latin America

12 Ellis Island and Angel Island were
Immigration inspection centers Detainment centers for illegal immigrants Prisons for political enemies Detainment centers for terrorists

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