Presentation on theme: "Era of Good Feelings Monroe’s Goodwill Tour"— Presentation transcript:
1Era of Good FeelingsMonroe’s Goodwill TourNational Unity - Yes or No???
2Supreme Court RulingsStrengthened the power of the federal government to promote economic growthMcCulloch v. Maryland (1819) – Maryland tried to tax the national bankThe Court ruled that states had no right to interfere with federal institutions within their bordersGibbons v. Ogden (1824) – New York tried to create a law to control steamboat travel between NY and NJThe Court ruled that a state can only regulate trade within its borders. Interstate commerce – trade between states - is a federal power.
3Economic Problems Lack of a national bank Foreign Competition In 1811, the charter for the national bank ran outA new bank was established in 1816Foreign CompetitionFlood of British GoodsThe British had better machinery and technologyBritish companies sold their goods for very low prices in order to push Americans out of business
4Protective TariffsThe British plan put many New England factories out of businessIn response, Congress passed a protective tariff on all goods imported from EuropeThe Tariff of 1816 raised tariffs on all importsSoutherners protested this because they did not have a lot of factories and therefore suffered from the tariff
5Protective Tariff Without Tariff With Tariff Cloth made in America = $6.00Tariff = 1.25British Cloth = $5.00$ $1.25 = $6.25 (more than American Cloth)Cloth made in Britain = $5.00
6Clay’s American System Tariff problem reflected the growth of sectionalismSectionalism – loyalty to one’s state or section rather than to the nation as a wholeHenry Clay (The Great Compromiser) wanted to promote the American System which would benefit the economies of all sections of the U.SHigh tariffs on imports (Who would that help?)More industry in the North so that money could be spent on agricultural products from West and SouthReduce our dependency on foreign goods
7Problems with the American System Urged that the money from tariffs be used to improve transportation to make it easier to get southern goodsHowever, Congress NEVER spent the money on improvements like transportationSoutherners disliked this plan
8Three Sectional Leaders John C. CalhounSpoke for the South (SC), supported the War of 1812, for slavery, opposed policies that would strengthen the federal governmentDaniel WebsterSpoke for the North (NH), opposed the War of 1812, wanted to strengthen the federal government, opposed slaveryHenry ClaySpoke for the West (KY), supported the War of 1812, favored strengthening the federal government
9Latin AmericaDuring Monroe’s Presidency, many Latin American nations revolted and became independent.Mexico, Great Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, BrazilSpain was involved in protecting their colonies, so when Jackson marched U.S. soldiers into Florida, they were able to get Spain to agree to peace talks.Adam-Onis Treaty – Spain gave Florida to the U.S. for $5 million
10Monroe DoctrineCountries in Europe were forming alliances and offering Spain assistance in regaining their colonies.The U.S. and Britain opposed this idea.Monroe Doctrine – declared the U.S. would not interfere in European affairs but warned European nations not to attempt to regain control of Latin AmericaShowed U.S. determination to keep European powers out of the Western HemisphereBritain supported this statement.Shaped our foreign policy for more than 100 years.