3AGREEMENT AT YALTADIVIDE GERMANY INTO FOUR (4) ZONES TO BE OCCUPIED AFTER THE WAR BY:BRITAINFRANCEUSAUSSR
4WHAT ELSE DID WE AGREE TO? ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD IN THE COUNTRIES OF EASTERN EUROPEGOVERNMENT OF POLAND WILL BE BOTH COMMUNIST & NON-COMMUNISTSET UP THE UNITED NATIONS!!!!!
5WHAT REALLY HAPPENED? STALIN NEVER HELD FREE ELECTIONS IN POLAND FDR DIED ONLY TWO (2) MONTHS LATERTRUMAN (NEXT PRESIDENT) WOULD ATTEND THE NEXT POST-WAR CONFERENCEHITLER DIES APRIL 30GERMANY SURRENDERS MAY 2, 1945
6“The SOVIET UNION HAS BEOME A DANGER TO THE FREE WORLD.” Churchill wrote this to Roosevelt after the Yalta Conference. The leaders of the three countries would meet one more time: Potsdam
7Potsdam Conference: JULY 1945 Truman replaces FDRChurchill gets voted out of OfficeStalin remainsIntent of seeking reparations and as much as they can get from Germany.Agreements:-Four zones of occupation in Germany-Bring Nazi War Criminals to trial.
8DISAGREEMENTS ALLIES DID NOT AGREE TO HOW TO DIVIDE GERMANY THE AMOUNT OF REPARATIONS GERMANY SHOULD PAYSOVIET POLICY IN EASTERN EUROPE
10COLD WAR BEGINSDuring , Stalin made sure that Communist governments came to power in all the countries of Eastern Europe.CALLED: SALAMI TACTICSThe Communist description of this process was “slicing salami,” - gradually getting rid of all opposition.
11WHAT DID RUSSIA TAKE?A. Albania (1945)- the Communists took power after the war without oppositionB. Bulgaria (1945)- a left-wing coalition gained power in 1945; the Communists then executed the leaders of all other parties.C. Poland (1947)- a coalition government took power in 1945, but the Communists forced the non-Communist leaders into exile.D. Hungary (1947)E. Romania ( )- a left-wing government coalition was elected in 1945 and the Communists gradually took control.F. Czechoslovakia ( )- a left-wing government coalition was elected in In 1948 the Communists banned all other parties and killed their leaders.G. East Germany (1949)- the Russians turned their zone of Germany into the German Democratic Republic in 1949.
12HOW DID THE REST OF THE ALLIES REACT? 5 MARCH 1946, Winston Churchill‘a shadow had fallen on Easter Europe, which was now cut off from the free world by ‘an iron curtain.’ Behind that line, he said, the people of Easter Europe were ‘subject to Soviet influence…totalitarian control [and] police governments.’
16ASSIGNMENT: PARAGRAPH QUESTION:Was the Yalta Conference a success or a failure in promoting future world peace?INSTRUCTIONS:Take a StandSupport your view with specific examples from your notes or text.Use a core democratic value in support.Give an opposing point of viewConclude.