AGREEMENT AT YALTA DIVIDE GERMANY INTO FOUR (4) ZONES TO BE OCCUPIED AFTER THE WAR: – BRITAIN – FRANCE – USA – USSR
WHAT ELSE DID WE AGREE TO? ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD IN THE COUNTRIES OF EASTERN EUROPE GOVERNMENT OF POLAND WILL BE BOTH COMMUNIST & NON- COMMUNIST SET UP THE UNITED NATIONS!!!!!
STALIN NEVER HELD FREE ELECTIONS IN POLAND FDR DIED ONLY TWO (2) MONTHS LATER TRUMAN (NEXT PRESIDENT) WOULD ATTEND THE NEXT POST-WAR CONFERENCE HITLER DIES APRIL 30 GERMANY SURRENDERS MAY 2, 1945
“The SOVIET UNION HAS BEOME A DANGER TO THE FREE WORLD.” Churchill wrote this to Roosevelt after the Yalta Conference. The leaders of the three countries would meet one more time: Potsdam
Potsdam Conference: JULY 1945 Truman replaces FDR Churchill gets voted out of Office Stalin remains – Intent of seeking reparations and as much as they can get from Germany. Agreements: -Four zones of occupation in Germany -Bring Nazi War Criminals to trial.
DISAGREEMENTS ALLIES DID NOT AGREE TO – HOW TO DIVIDE GERMANY – THE AMOUNT OF REPARATIONS GERMANY SHOULD PAY – SOVIET POLICY IN EASTERN EUROPE
During 1946-47, Stalin made sure that Communist governments came to power in all the countries of Eastern Europe. The Communist description of this process was “slicing salami,” - gradually getting rid of all opposition.
WHAT DID RUSSIA TAKE? A. Albania (1945)- the Communists took power after the war without opposition B. Bulgaria (1945)- a left-wing coalition gained power in 1945; the Communists then executed the leaders of all other parties. C. Poland (1947)- a coalition government took power in 1945, but the Communists forced the non-Communist leaders into exile. D. Hungary (1947) E. Romania (1945-1947)- a left-wing government coalition was elected in 1945 and the Communists gradually took control. F. Czechoslovakia (1945-1947)- a left-wing government coalition was elected in 1945. In 1948 the Communists banned all other parties and killed their leaders. G. East Germany (1949)- the Russians turned their zone of Germany into the German Democratic Republic in 1949.
HOW DID THE REST OF THE ALLIES REACT? 5 MARCH 1946, Winston Churchill – ‘a shadow had fallen on Easter Europe, which was now cut off from the free world by ‘an iron curtain.’ Behind that line, he said, the people of Easter Europe were ‘subject to Soviet influence…totalitarian control [and] police governments.’
Definitions Containment: A United States foreign policy doctrine adopted by the Harry S. Truman administration in 1947, operating on the principle that communist governments will eventually fall apart as long as they are prevented from expanding their influence.
Definitions (cont) Brinksmanship: the art or practice of pursuing a dangerous policy to the limits of safety before stopping, typically in politics
THE BERLIN WALL Images of the Berlin Wall http://life.time.com/history/berlin-wall- photos-from-the-early-days-of-a-brutal-cold- war-symbol/#10