Presentation on theme: "Chapter 26 The Cold War Begins"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 26 The Cold War Begins Section 1Origins of the Cold War
2A Clash of InterestsAfter WWII, the U.S. and Soviet Union became hostile, leading to an era of confrontation and competition that lasted from about 1946 to 1990 known as the Cold War.
3A Clash of InterestsSoviets were concerned with security and wanted to avoid future attacks from Germany.They wanted all countries b/w Germany and the Soviet Union under Soviet control.Soviets believed communism was superior to capitalism.
4The Yalta ConferenceRoosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met at Yalta – a soviet resort on the Black Sea – to plan a postwar world.Although successful, some agreements were key to beginning the Cold War.
6The Yalta Conference Agreements: Recognition of a Polish Communist gov’t set up by the soviets.Free elections would take place in PolandDeclaration of Liberated Europe – gave people the right to choose their form of gov’t.
7Dividing Germany Germany and Berlin was divided into 4 zones. G.B., U.S., Soviet Union, and France each controlled a zone.Germany was forced to pay reparations which was a key component of the Cold War.
9Tensions RiseSoviets didn’t follow agreements at the Yalta Conference.FDR dies and Harry Truman becomes president.Truman stood firm against Stalin to keep promises made.
10Potsdam ConferenceTruman, Stalin, and Clement Attlee met at Potsdam to work out a deal regarding Germany.Truman was against heavy reparations.Stalin was not pleased w/ Truman’s proposals.Truman told Stalin we had successfully tested an atomic bomb.