Presentation on theme: "Origins of the Cold War CHAPTER 26 SECTION 1. Wilson sent U.S. troops to help anti- communists in 1917 Did not politically recognize Soviet Union."— Presentation transcript:
Origins of the Cold War CHAPTER 26 SECTION 1
Wilson sent U.S. troops to help anti- communists in 1917 Did not politically recognize Soviet Union until 1933 Disagreement over battle tactics in WWII U.S. angry about Stalin’s nonaggression pact with Hitler in 1939 Western allies “took too long” to open a second front in WWII HISTORY OF BAD FEELINGS BETWEEN THE U.S. AND SOVIET UNION
FDR wanted the Soviets to join the war against Japan Soviets got some islands in exchange Stalin agreed to allow free/democratic elections in eastern Europe ASAP Never happened DIFFERENCES AT YALTA
The lack of American participation in the League of Nations may have led to its downfall…and war American participation in the UN was thought of as a way to prevent another global war THE UNITED STATES AGREES TO JOIN THE UNITED NATIONS. WHY DID THEY AGREE TO JOIN THE UN, BUT NOT TO JOIN THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS?
Postwar plans for Poland and Germany continued to create divisions between between Clement Atlee (New British PM), Truman, and Stalin. Stalin wants huge reparations from Germany Truman wants Polish Democracy Truman informs Stalin of a very powerful new American weapon SUMMARIZE WHAT HAPPENED AT THE POTSDAM CONFERENCE IN JULY OF 1945
Split into four zones U.S. Soviet Union Britain France GERMANY
Countries subject to Soviet domination on the western border of the Soviet Union Albania Bulgaria Czechoslovakia Hungary Romania East Germany Finland Yugoslavia SATELLITE NATION
In order to speed up communism’s spread and to protect the Soviet western border in case of another war. WHY DID JOSEF STALIN WANT THESE SATELLITES?
-Phrase coined by Winston Churchill -Refers to the nations under the control of Stalin and the Soviet Union -Angered Stalin IRON CURTAIN
The competition that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union for power and influence in the world. Lasts from 1945 to COLD WAR
A cold war has no direct military fighting between the main antagonists. Its is a contest to gain influence in the world A hot war is a direct military engagement WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE “COLD WAR” AND A “HOT WAR”?
He did not carry out his agreements Determined to expand communism at any cost Paranoid WHAT MADE JOSEF STALIN SUCH A DIFFICULT ADVERSARY?
The American foreign policy following World War II Recognized the possibility that eastern Europe was already lost to communism It called for the U.S. to resist attempts to form Communist governments elsewhere in the world CONTAINMENT
Speech given by President Truman to Congress in 1947 Called for the U.S. to take a leadership role in the world Declared that the U.S. would support nations threatened by communism TRUMAN DOCTRINE
The policy of containment set out the U.S. aim to stop the spread of communism, and the Truman Doctrine gave justification for American efforts to intervene against communism on behalf of oppressed nations. HOW DO THE POLICY OF CONTAINMENT AND THE TRUMAN DOCTRINE COMPLIMENT ONE ANOTHER?