9Anatomy of a Terrorist Attack Preparation5 yearsTerrorism takes much time and planningExecution: 1 dayDiagnosed case: 3 daysFirst Deaths Occur
10Methods of Terrorism Nuclear Weapon Biological Agents Chemical Agents Explosive and Incendiary Devices
11Nuclear TerrorismSpreading of radioactive materials through ventilation system or explosionDisable nuclear reactor cooling system and cause leakage of radioactive materialsDetonate a nuclear weapon
12Biological TerrorismDispersal of microbes or their toxins to produce illness, death and terrorThe paths of infection can be contaminated water, food, air and packages.MicrobesBacteriaVirusesToxins
13Biological Terrorism: Is This Something New? 14th Century – KaffaCity on Crimean PeninsulaHurled plague infested corpses over walls of city to infest it.
14Biological Terrorism: Is This Something New? 18th Century French and Indian WarBritish Officers gave blankets from smallpox victims to Indians aligned with FrenchCaused an epidemic in tribesEffective means of incapacitating group
15Example of Chemical Terrorism Sarin nerve agent attacked the Tokyo subway system in March 20, 199512 people were killed and 53 were seriously injured
16Proportion of death from terrorism in total death in the United States Average death per yearFrom terrorismFrom all causesProportion (%)1990’s80.0003200128930.12
19Why did terrorism draw considerable attention in 2001? The risk of dying from terrorism was extremely low in 1990’s, and was still relatively low compared with some diseases in 2001But the risk increased by 500 times in 2001 due to Sept. 11Overall the risk of terrorism has not been highDespite the low risk, shock, surprise and fear engulfed our country and world
21U.S. Counterterrorism Policy First, make no concessions to terrorists and strike no deals.Second, bring terrorists to justice for their crimes.Third, isolate and apply pressure on states that sponsor terrorism to force them to change their behavior.Fourth, bolster the counterterrorism capabilities of those countries that work with the U.S. and require assistance.
23Terrorism in the Future Could be higher levels of violence.Although technology aids in the defense against terrorism, it also provides terrorists with increased opportunities.Chemical weaponsWeapons of mass destruction
24Conclusion Terrorism is a unlawful act meant to provoke FEAR! Terrorism has a long history of been used to achieve political, religious and ideological objectivesTerrorism can be conducted through nuclear, biological, chemical agents and explosive devicesThe risk of dying from terrorism is much lower than that from motor vehicles, smoking, and alcoholic beverage.