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Awareness-Level Lesson 5 Presentation Hazardous Materials for First Responders, 3 rd Ed.

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Presentation on theme: "Awareness-Level Lesson 5 Presentation Hazardous Materials for First Responders, 3 rd Ed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Awareness-Level Lesson 5 Presentation Hazardous Materials for First Responders, 3 rd Ed.

2 Awareness Level 5–25–2 Definition of Terrorism The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) defines terrorism as: “The unlawful use of force against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in the furtherance of political or social objectives.”

3 Awareness Level 5–35–3 Elements of Terrorism Terrorist activities are illegal and involve the use of force Actions intend to intimidate or coerce Actions are committed in support of political or social objectives

4 Awareness Level 5–45–4 Domestic Terrorism Involves groups or individuals whose activities, conducted without foreign influence, are directed at elements of a government or population

5 Awareness Level 5–55–5 International Terrorism Involves activities committed by foreign-based groups or individuals who are either directed by countries or groups outside a country or whose activities transcend national boundaries

6 Awareness Level 5–65–6 Goals of Terrorism Recognition Coercion Intimidation Provocation

7 Awareness Level 5–75–7 Potential Terrorist Targets Public assembly occupancies and locations Public buildings Mass transit systems Places with high economic significance Telecommunications facilities Places with historical or symbolic significance Military installations Airports Industrial facilities

8 Awareness Level 5–85–8 Categories of Terrorist Incidents B B iological N N uclear I I ncendiary C C hemical E E xplosive

9 Awareness Level 5–95–9 Weapon of Mass Destruction According to the U.S. Government a weapon of mass destruction is any weapon or device that is intended or has the capability to cause death or serious bodily injury to a significant number of people through the release, dissemination, or impact of one of the following means: –Toxic or poisonous chemicals or their precursors –A disease organism –Radiation or radioactivity

10 Awareness Level 5–10 Biological Terrorism The CDC defines biological terrorism as an intentional release of viruses, bacteria, or their toxins for the purpose of harming or killing citizens.

11 Awareness Level 5–11 Types of Biological Agents Viral agents Bacterial agents Rickettsias Biological toxins

12 Awareness Level 5–12 Biological Attack Indicators Unusual numbers of sick or dying people or animals Unscheduled and unusual spray being disseminated Abandoned spray devices (1 of 2)

13 Awareness Level 5–13 Biological Attack Indicators Evidence of terrorist activity may be visible at the incident, OR Terrorist activity may not be obviously evident (2 of 2)

14 Awareness Level 5–14 Chemical vs. Biological Incidents Chemical incident –Symptoms are noticeable either within minutes or hours –May have a unique odor and color Biological incident –Symptoms may take days or even weeks to appear –No odor or color –May spread beyond the initial contamination

15 Awareness Level 5–15 Chemical Terrorism Chemical attack — The deliberate release of a toxic gas, liquid or solid that can poison people and the environment

16 Awareness Level 5–16 Chemical Warfare Agents Chemical substances that are intended for use in warfare or terrorist activities to kill, seriously injure, or seriously incapacitate people through their physiological effects

17 Awareness Level 5–17 Toxic Industrial Materials Particularly poisonous hazardous materials that are normally used for industrial purposes, but could be used by terrorists to deliberately kill, injure or incapacitate people

18 Awareness Level 5–18 Chemical Incident Indicators Dead animals/birds/fish Lack of insect life Unexplained odors Pattern of casualties Blisters/rashes (1 of 3)

19 Awareness Level 5–19 Chemical Incident Indicators Illness in confined area Unusual liquid droplets Different looking areas Low-lying clouds (2 of 3)

20 Awareness Level 5–20 Chemical Incident Indicators Unusual metal debris Unusual numbers of dying or sick people (mass casualties) (3 of 3)

21 Awareness Level 5–21 SLUDGEM The acronym SLUDGEM is used to remember health problems: –Salivation (drooling) –Lacrimation (tearing) –Urination –Defecation –Gastrointestinal upset/aggravation (cramping) –Emesis (vomiting) –Miosis (pinpointed pupils) or Muscular twitching/spasms

22 Awareness Level 5–22 Criminal and Terrorist Incident Response Essentially the same as other haz mat incidents Law enforcement –Must be notified –Must be included Use predetermined procedures –Summon help –Communicate with media and public

23 Awareness Level 5–23 Basic Principles of Response Incident priorities –Life safety –Incident stabilization –Protection of property and the environment Establish an incident command or management system Call for additional help

24 Awareness Level 5–24 Additional Actions at Terrorist or Criminal Incidents Notify authorities Preserve crime scene evidence Isolate exposed people and animals Secure the scene (1 of 2)

25 Awareness Level 5–25 Additional Actions at Terrorist or Criminal Incidents Take precautions against the possibility of secondary devices Exercise caution concerning other potential hazards associated with terrorist and criminal activities (2 of 2)

26 Awareness Level 5–26 Awareness Actions at Criminal or Terrorist Incidents Protect yourself and other first responders Report the suspicion to the appropriate authorities and document your initial observation Isolate people or animals that may have been exposed Avoid actions that may disturb potential evidence (1 of 2)

27 Awareness Level 5–27 Awareness Actions at Criminal or Terrorist Incidents Do not touch any item that may indicate a criminal or terrorist activity and be aware of the potential for secondary devices Set up control zones Take steps to prevent secondary contamination (2 of 2)

28 Awareness Level 5–28 WARNING First responders must know their limitations at criminal and terrorist incidents. Incidents, such as those involving meth labs, require training above Awareness Level.

29 Awareness Level 5–29 Guidelines for Preserving Evidence Do not touch anything unless it is necessary Avoid disturbing areas not directly involved in rescue activities Remember what the scene looked like upon first arrival Document observations as quickly as possible Take photographs and videos of the scene as soon as possible (1 of 3)

30 Awareness Level 5–30 Guidelines for Preserving Evidence Remember and document when something was touched or moved Minimize the number of people working in the area, if possible Leave fatalities and their surroundings undisturbed Identify witnesses, victims, and the presence of evidence (2 of 3)

31 Awareness Level 5–31 Guidelines for Preserving Evidence Preserve potentially transient physical evidence Follow departmental procedures for establishing chain of custody, documentation, and security measures to store crime scene evidence (3 of 3)

32 Awareness Level 5–32 Summary First responders must be prepared to respond to incidents that may involve criminal or terrorist activity. These incidents pose an additional danger to responders that must be taken into account. Terrorism can be domestic or international and uses actions that involve force. Potential terrorist targets include those that are highly visible and are public places. (1 of 3)

33 Awareness Level 5–33 Summary Categories of terrorist incidents include biological, nuclear, incendiary, chemical, and explosive. The term weapon of mass destruction is often used in connection with potential terrorism incidents. Biological and chemical terrorism both have unique characteristics and indicators. Knowing these characteristics and indicators are important. (2 of 3)

34 Awareness Level 5–34 Summary When responding to an incident involving criminal or terrorist activity first responders must take additional actions. Other agencies must be involved and precautions regarding safety taken. The preservation of evidence is important at crime scenes and first responders must be aware of and follow guidelines for preserving evidence. (3 of 3)

35 Awareness-Level Lesson 5 Presentation Hazardous Materials for First Responders, 3 rd Ed.

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