Roanoke- the lost colony - Sir Walter Raleigh 1585 -Roanoke Island -Theories: *Killed by Native Americans *Adopted by Native Americans
Virginia Company Starving Time John Smith John Rolfe
Pocahontas married John Rolfe in1614. Her father gave them thousands of acres of land as a wedding gift.
John Rolfe cultivated tobacco in Jamestown. This crop saved Jamestowns economy. As the popularity of tobacco grew in Europe, the pressure to grow more of it in Jamestown increased. The colonists needed more land which led to conflict with the Natives.
60% of settlers were indentured servants Headright system brought people to the colony. Promised them 50 acres for buying a share in the company A Dutch ship brought the first Africans to the Virginia in 1619. House of Burgesses was the first representative assembly (1619).
Catholic Church in England Anglican (Henry VIII) Pilgrims Wanted to SEPERATE from the Anglican Church Puritans Wanted to PURIFY the Anglican Church Catholic (Pope)
Pilgrims Mayflower Mayflower Compact ½ died William Bradford Squanto
Puritans John Winthrop 1630 Strict lifestyles Holy Watching Punished dissenters For we must consider that we shall be a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us, so that if we shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us… Winthrops sermon aboard the Arbella, 1630
Lord Baltimore 1634 Haven for Catholics Act of Toleration (1649) Settlers in Maryland often purchased their land from the local Natives. For this reason, the two groups had few problems with one another.
Beliefs Pennsylvania Anti-war/passive Dont participate in politics Everyone has an inner-light Simple life Given to William Penn as one of the largest land grants in history Penns Woods Allowed many religions Delaware was added to Penns holdings in1682
Indentured Servants Agreed to work for around seven years in exchange for passage to the new world. Treated poorly Many never gained freedom Overworked Died from illness Slaves Arrived in1619 courtesy of the Dutch From West Africa Provided a lifetime of labor Colonists depended on their farming skills
Indentured Servants Poor conditions in Europe Many Indentures came from Germany, Ireland, or Scotland Some orphans or children of poor families were indentured until adulthood Requirements varied by contract Many died before getting their freedom
Middle Passage Europe Americas Africa Triangular Trade
Slave Auctions Runaway Slave Acts Slave life Field workers House servants Resistance to slavery
SlavesIndentured Servants Slavery vs. Indentured Servitude
Europeans attempted to enslave Native Americans first. Sickness, Exhaustion, etc. Natives played a major role in European colonization. Examples: Powhatan Squanto Conflicts between Natives and colonists Land ownership Religion Gender roles
Pequot War Two traders were killed in Pequot territory in 1636. Colonists retaliated = war Other Natives joined in the fight on the side of the colonists. The army set fire to a Pequot fort which forced the natives to come out and surrender. Colonists opened fire and killed 400. King Philips War In 1675, the Plymouth Colony arrested, tried, and executed three Wampanoag warriors for murder. Wampanoag warriors attacked a colonial town in retaliation. King Philip, led the Wampanoag until he was killed in 1676. Settlers won the war by 1678 and now had total control of the New England area.