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Colonial History Geographic diversity and the political, economic, social life of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies.

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Presentation on theme: "Colonial History Geographic diversity and the political, economic, social life of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Colonial History Geographic diversity and the political, economic, social life of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies

2 Colonial History New England Colonies New Hampshire New Hampshire Massachusetts Massachusetts Connecticut Connecticut Rhode Island Rhode Island

3 Colonial History New England Colonies Geography rocky soil rocky soil excellent harbors excellent harbors short growing season short growing season

4 Colonial History New England Colonies Politics in each town/village of the 4 colonies Politics in each town/village of the 4 colonies Town meeting = everyone in the town gathers and makes decisions Town meeting = everyone in the town gathers and makes decisions a perfect example of democracy a perfect example of democracy Economics Economics lumber, shipbuilding, trading lumber, shipbuilding, trading mercantilism means sending raw materials to the mother country and receiving finished products in return = lose $ mercantilism means sending raw materials to the mother country and receiving finished products in return = lose $

5 Colonial History New England colonies participated in the Triangular Trade Route in which rum and lumber are sent from New England to West Africa and exchanged for slaves, slaves are sent to the West Indies and exchanged for molasses and sugar, molasses and sugar are sent to New England. participated in the Triangular Trade Route in which rum and lumber are sent from New England to West Africa and exchanged for slaves, slaves are sent to the West Indies and exchanged for molasses and sugar, molasses and sugar are sent to New England. Slaves transported from West Africa to the West Indies endured the Middle Passage Slaves transported from West Africa to the West Indies endured the Middle Passage in which the conditions were horrendous and millions of innocent people died. in which the conditions were horrendous and millions of innocent people died.

6 Colonial History Triangular Trade

7 Colonial History Middle Passage The ship voyage of slaves from Africa to the Americas

8 Colonial History New England Colonies Social Life Social Life Pilgrims (Mayflower) and Puritans set up self governing colonies in Massachusetts Pilgrims (Mayflower) and Puritans set up self governing colonies in Massachusetts Religious dissenters set up colonies in Rhode Island and Connecticut Religious dissenters set up colonies in Rhode Island and Connecticut The Salem Witch Trials occurred in the Puritan colony of Massachusetts Bay The Salem Witch Trials occurred in the Puritan colony of Massachusetts Bay The Puritans arrived in the New World seeking religious freedom, but did not grant religious freedom to any other groups. The Puritans arrived in the New World seeking religious freedom, but did not grant religious freedom to any other groups.

9 Colonial History Middle Colonies New York New York New Jersey New Jersey Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Delaware Delaware

10 Colonial History Middle Colonies Geography Geography medium growing climate medium growing climate a very few good ports (ex/ New York) a very few good ports (ex/ New York)

11 Colonial History Middle Colonies Politics Politics Pennsylvania is an example of a proprietary colony (William Penn was the proprietor) Pennsylvania is an example of a proprietary colony (William Penn was the proprietor) William Penn worked closely with the American Indians in the area to share the land William Penn worked closely with the American Indians in the area to share the land Pennsylvania was one of the most tolerant colonies Pennsylvania was one of the most tolerant colonies

12 Colonial History Middle Colonies Economics Economics Mercantilism was enforced after the French and Indian War. This policy benefited the mother country, England, and caused the colonies to lose money. Mercantilism was enforced after the French and Indian War. This policy benefited the mother country, England, and caused the colonies to lose money. The Middle Colonies grew grains such as wheat and corn and raised livestock. The Middle Colonies grew grains such as wheat and corn and raised livestock.

13 Colonial History Middle Colonies Social Life Social Life There were 4 major social groups in the Middle Colonies: There were 4 major social groups in the Middle Colonies: the gentry, those individuals with large farms the gentry, those individuals with large farms the “middle class”, the merchants and traders and those individuals with medium sized farms the “middle class”, the merchants and traders and those individuals with medium sized farms the indentured servants, those who agreed to work for a number of years in return to passage to the New World the indentured servants, those who agreed to work for a number of years in return to passage to the New World the slaves, generally few in number the slaves, generally few in number

14 Colonial History Southern Colonies Maryland Maryland Virginia Virginia North Carolina North Carolina South Carolina South Carolina Georgia Georgia

15 Colonial History Southern Colonies Geography Geography long growing season, perfect for tobacco, rice long growing season, perfect for tobacco, rice mosquitoes and type of crops lead to slavery mosquitoes and type of crops lead to slavery lots of fertile land, spread out, small farms and many fewer plantations. lots of fertile land, spread out, small farms and many fewer plantations.

16 Colonial History Southern Colonies Politics Politics Jamestown, 1607, was the first permanent British colony in the New World Jamestown, 1607, was the first permanent British colony in the New World

17 Colonial History Southern Colonies Politics, continued Politics, continued Jamestown began as a joint- stock colony, the colonists were sent to Jamestown to make money for the joint-stock company. The colonists, all male, simply looked for gold and forgot to plant crops for food. They almost all died in the first year. Jamestown began as a joint- stock colony, the colonists were sent to Jamestown to make money for the joint-stock company. The colonists, all male, simply looked for gold and forgot to plant crops for food. They almost all died in the first year.

18 Colonial History Southern Colonies In 1619, the House of Burgesses was created as the first British representative assembly in the New World. This was a perfect example of a representative democracy or a republican type of government. In 1619, the House of Burgesses was created as the first British representative assembly in the New World. This was a perfect example of a representative democracy or a republican type of government.

19 Colonial History Southern Colonies The Carolinas began as a proprietary colony, the land of the Eight Lords Proprietors. The Carolinas split into two colonies, North Carolina and South Carolina, and eventually the King takes control of the two colonies. North and South Carolina become royal colonies. The Carolinas began as a proprietary colony, the land of the Eight Lords Proprietors. The Carolinas split into two colonies, North Carolina and South Carolina, and eventually the King takes control of the two colonies. North and South Carolina become royal colonies.

20 Colonial History Southern Colonies Politics, continued Politics, continued Bacon’s Rebellion, 1676, illustrated the anger of the western farmers against the established, coastal gentry. It reduced the power of the royal governor (Virginia had become a royal colony and was no longer a joint-stock colony) and gave more power to local self government. Bacon’s Rebellion, 1676, illustrated the anger of the western farmers against the established, coastal gentry. It reduced the power of the royal governor (Virginia had become a royal colony and was no longer a joint-stock colony) and gave more power to local self government.

21 Colonial History Southern Colonies Economics Economics the development of tobacco saved Jamestown from financial ruin and led to the plantation system. the development of tobacco saved Jamestown from financial ruin and led to the plantation system. participated in mercantilism, sent tobacco to England and received chewing tobacco and other tobacco products in return participated in mercantilism, sent tobacco to England and received chewing tobacco and other tobacco products in return

22 Colonial History Southern Colonies Social Life Social Life There were 4 major groups There were 4 major groups the landed gentry, the plantation owners the landed gentry, the plantation owners the very few merchants and many small farmers the very few merchants and many small farmers the indentured servants who worked for a set number of years in return for free passage the indentured servants who worked for a set number of years in return for free passage slaves, who outnumbered the free in most colonies slaves, who outnumbered the free in most colonies The first colony established as a refuge for Catholics was Maryland, Mary’s Land.

23 Colonial History Southern Colonies tobaccoplantation

24 Colonial History Video! Road to Independence Road to Independence


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