Presentation on theme: "“LEADERS” Julius Caesar > Conquest, Triumvirate, Mark Antony & Cleopatra Octavian (Augustus Caesar) > “Pax Romana” Claudius > Britain & Harbors Nero >"— Presentation transcript:
1“LEADERS”Julius Caesar > Conquest, Triumvirate, Mark Antony & CleopatraOctavian (Augustus Caesar) > “Pax Romana”Claudius > Britain & HarborsNero > Architecture, Eccentricity, Persecution, ControversyVespasian >Beautification, Civil Strife, Coliseum & CampaignsTrajan > Architecture, Engineering, ExpansionHadrian > Organization, Hadrian’s Wall, PantheonDiocletian > “The Diarchy” Persecutions, East vs. WestConstantine > Conversion, Christianity, Constantinople
2Julius CaesarVeniVidiVici'I came I saw I conquered'
3Born 100 B.C.E. into Patrician Family Marriage (Cornelia of Lucius Cornelius Cinna)MilitaryStudy in GreeceKidnapping and RevengeRise in Politics & Wife’s deathMarried again--Pompeia, a relative of Pompey…then, divorceGovernor of Spain
4Joins Crassus and Pompey Triumvirate Governor of Gaul calls to step downDeaths Crassus JuliaSchizmCivil WarPompey flees then murderedConquests in Egypt
5Dictator in 48March 15, 44 B.C., Ides of MarchCaesar entered the Senate.Assassination plot group of 60 senatorsGaius Cassius and Marcus Junius BrutusAs Caesar entered the Senate, stabbed 23 timesAfter Caesar was assassinated, Rome experienced another 13 years of civil war.
7Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus InvalidBackground with relative CaligulaSeized power bribing guardsFairly popular, intelligentEmpire moves forward: Conquered Britannia Built two major aqueductsLured into marrying niece: AgrippinaSinister plan to convince Claudius to anoint her son--not his--as a successor.Later met death by poisoning allegedly by Agrippina servant—mushroom.Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
9OpportunityFirePersecution of ChristiansKills mother: AgrippinaLavish State project: Palace—Domus AureaInnovation vaulted ceilingLevel of slavery enormousOverthrownDramatic Suicide“What an artist dies in me…”Leaves a void of bloodline…Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
11Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus AKA Trajan New meaning for “Roman”Appeals to Roman “Sense of Supremacy”Massive buildingInfrastructure: roads, harbors, baths, aqueducts‘Conquest for Cash’ Most of any emperor DaciaExtended empirePublic Place: ‘A New <Trajan’s> Forum’ 112 CETrajan’s Market (Hemicycle <hemicircle>)Named successor Hadrian prior to his death (stroke)
13Tribune to Macedonia and Governor of Syria Alienated Senate Publius Aelius Hadrianus AKA HADRIANAdopted son of TrajanTribune to Macedonia and Governor of SyriaAlienated SenateLowers taxes, increase games, helps poor childrenFocus on frontiers <i.e. Hadrian’s Wall> N. BritainInspection tourPantheonConflict with Architect Apollodorus "Go away and draw your pumpkins.”Weakened and paranoid in later years.Died in villa from suspected cardiac failure