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LEADERS Julius Caesar > Conquest, Triumvirate, Mark Antony & Cleopatra Octavian (Augustus Caesar) > Pax Romana Claudius > Britain & Harbors Nero > Architecture,

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Presentation on theme: "LEADERS Julius Caesar > Conquest, Triumvirate, Mark Antony & Cleopatra Octavian (Augustus Caesar) > Pax Romana Claudius > Britain & Harbors Nero > Architecture,"— Presentation transcript:

1 LEADERS Julius Caesar > Conquest, Triumvirate, Mark Antony & Cleopatra Octavian (Augustus Caesar) > Pax Romana Claudius > Britain & Harbors Nero > Architecture, Eccentricity, Persecution, Controversy Vespasian > Beautification, Civil Strife, Coliseum & Campaigns Trajan > Architecture, Engineering, Expansion Hadrian > Organization, Hadrians Wall, Pantheon Diocletian > The Diarchy Persecutions, East vs. West Constantine > Conversion, Christianity, Constantinople

2 Julius Caesar Veni Vidi Vici 'I came I saw I conquered'

3 Born 100 B.C.E. into Patrician Family Marriage (Cornelia of Lucius Cornelius Cinna) Military Study in Greece Kidnapping and Revenge Rise in Politics & Wifes death Married again--Pompeia, a relative of Pompey…then, divorce Governor of Spain

4 Joins Crassus and Pompey Triumvirate Governor of Gaul calls to step down Deaths Crassus Julia Schizm Civil War Pompey flees then murdered Conquests in Egypt

5 Dictator in 48 March 15, 44 B.C., Ides of March Caesar entered the Senate. Assassination plot group of 60 senators Gaius Cassius and Marcus Junius Brutus As Caesar entered the Senate, stabbed 23 times After Caesar was assassinated, Rome experienced another 13 years of civil war.

6 Claudius 41-54

7 Invalid Background with relative Caligula Seized power bribing guards Fairly popular, intelligent Empire moves forward: Conquered Britannia Built two major aqueducts Lured into marrying niece: Agrippina Sinister plan to convince Claudius to anoint her son-- not his--as a successor. Later met death by poisoning allegedly by Agrippina servantmushroom. Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus

8 Nero 54-68

9 Opportunity Fire Persecution of Christians Kills mother: Agrippina Lavish State project: PalaceDomus Aurea Innovation vaulted ceiling Level of slavery enormous Overthrown Dramatic Suicide What an artist dies in me… Leaves a void of bloodline… Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus

10 98-117 Trajan

11 New meaning for Roman Appeals to Roman Sense of Supremacy Massive building Infrastructure: roads, harbors, baths, aqueducts Conquest for Cash Most of any emperor Dacia Extended empire Public Place: A New Forum 112 CE Trajans Market (Hemicycle ) Named successor Hadrian prior to his death (stroke) AKA Trajan Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus AKA Trajan

12 117-138 Hadrian

13 Adopted son of Trajan Tribune to Macedonia and Governor of Syria Alienated Senate Lowers taxes, increase games, helps poor children Focus on frontiers N. Britain Inspection tour Pantheon Conflict with Architect Apollodorus "Go away and draw your pumpkins. Weakened and paranoid in later years. Died in villa from suspected cardiac failure Publius Aelius Hadrianus Publius Aelius Hadrianus AKA HADRIAN

14 Diocletian 286-305

15 Control Stern measures--Autocratic Reorganization of Provinces Boated Bureaucracy Compulsory Services Diarchy…Tetrarchy: Diocletian: Eastern half Maximianus: Western half Constantius: Gaul, Britain Galerius: Balkans Maximum Pricing/Price Controls resulted in rise of Blackmarket Christian persecutions AKA Diocletian Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus AKA Diocletian

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