Presentation on theme: "Just What Is Science Anyway??? a journey through the scientific method..."— Presentation transcript:
Just What Is Science Anyway??? a journey through the scientific method...
Science is a process of inquiry - asking questions and getting answers you do science There are many sciences: life science poli-science social science etc
Observation Before you can ask a question - you need to make an observation… 2 kinds of Observations direct - done w/ the 5 senses 4 sight, touch, smell, aural, taste indirect - done w/ equipment 4 thermometer, anemometer, balance...
The Scientific Method A very good way to do science Easy to follow Repeatable Thorough Is the way its really done in the field! Can be applied to any problem.
Whats the Problem?? You need to state the question that you are going to be collecting data on. This problem is what your project will be answering. THIS MUST BE IN THE FORM OF A QUESTION! The question should not be able to be answered with a yes or no.
Whats the Purpose?? You need to state the purpose of your investigation - called the Purpose Statement It needs to be clear to you (and the reader) exactly what you are investigating. Why are you doing the project you picked.
Hypotheses These are educated guesses - educated implies that the guesses are based on research!!! Why do the experiment if someone else already has??!!?? Should be stated in I think or I believe statements
Procedure You need to list: - the materials needed for your experiment. - the steps that you are going to (or did) take to carry out your experiment. It must be so detailed so that anyone who may dispute your work can reproduce exactly what you did.
Variables to vary - to change Independent Variables (IV) - the part of the experiment that you change Dependent Variables (DV) - the part of the experiment that changes as a result of the manipulation
more... Control Group - the part of the experiment that is your basis for comparison Constants - the parts of your experiment that do not change
Results - Data Presentation Data Tables- A simple way to organize your data. Graphs - To help your data make visual Sense trends. Written – Paragraph format Remember Joe Friday Just the Facts
Conclusions Three Parts... Interpretation of Data What do all of these numbers mean? Do they make sense? Why or why not? How do the results relate to the topic at hand?
Conclusions - Continued Analysis of Hypotheses did your data support your hypotheses?
Conclusions – Continued Again Error Analysis what factors skewed your data? how wrong is wrong? Precision vs. Accuracy if your data is accurate it is close to true value if your data is precise it is consistent from trial to trial
Precision vs. Accuracy This is precise but not accurate
Precision vs. Accuracy This is precise and accurate
Science Fair Project 1) Pick something that you are interested about. 2) Know your variables and controls 3) Follow your handout make sure things are handed in on time. 4)Ask if you have a question.