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Scientific Inquiry. Scientists are… CURIOUS – they ask questions that make them want to investigate. OBSERVANT – they look at the world around them CREATIVE.

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Presentation on theme: "Scientific Inquiry. Scientists are… CURIOUS – they ask questions that make them want to investigate. OBSERVANT – they look at the world around them CREATIVE."— Presentation transcript:

1 Scientific Inquiry

2 Scientists are… CURIOUS – they ask questions that make them want to investigate. OBSERVANT – they look at the world around them CREATIVE – they think about what they already know to explain their observations and come up with plans to test their ideas SKEPTICAL – they question their own conclusions and except only explanations based on evidence

3 Science is the continuous process of asking questions and seeking answers!

4 Scientific Inquiry The process that allows us to think about and design an experiment to help us find the answers to our questions!

5 Scientific Inquiry Problem Hypothesis Experiment –Materials- Variables/Controls –Procedure- Observations Results –Charts/Graphs Conclusion Limitations

6 Problem Identify by asking a question Only part of the process that will end with a question mark. As you do research/perform the experiment… you make ask more questions!

7 Our example… Which brand of paper towels is the most absorbent?

8 Hypothesis Tentative explanation Educated guess/prediction What do you think will happen when you perform your experiment? Written in the form of an IF/THEN statement. IF three brands of paper towels are tested, THEN Bounty will be the most absorbent. Thinkers…

9 Experiment An organized procedure used to study something under controlled conditions. Consists of two parts: Materials Procedure

10 Materials – items needed to perform the experiment –Graduated cylinder, beaker, lab sheet, pencil, paper towels, triple beam balance, water Procedure – sequence of actions or instructions to be followed –The STEPS of the experiment! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

11 Variables Independent Variable (IV) – the factor being tested: paper towels Dependent Variable (DV) – the factor being measured: amount of water the paper towels absorb y axis x axis DV IV

12 Constants Factors that remain the same throughout the experiment Examples: –The size of the paper towel –The type of liquid used –Using same balance to mass wet towels –OTHERS?

13 Control Serves as a basis for comparison Ex: a paper towel that is not wet

14 Trials The number of time the IV’s are tested The more the better! Not this kind!

15 Observations Made during the course of an experiment using your senses or equipment Often recorded in data tables Examples: –Temperatures –Times –Color changes

16 Data One type of observation Evidence collected during a lab TRIAL1234 TEMP

17 Results We often use charts and graphs to show our results. You may also write results statements that put your observations/data into paragraph form.

18 Conclusion Statement indicating whether your hypothesis was correct or incorrect. Use one of the following in your conclusion: –Supported –Rejected –Could neither support nor reject Example: The results of my experiment rejected my hypothesis… go on to tell why.

19 Limitations Unforeseen problems with an experiments design What went wrong during the lab. Examples: –Complete more trials –Test more paper towel brands –We spilt something beside water on the towels –Used the wrong mass –Forgot to test one brand

20 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KZaCy5 Z87FA&app=desktop Click the link:


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