Presentation on theme: "1920s & 1930s USII.5A-D 1920s Prohibition was imposed by a constitutional amendment; illegal to make, transport, or sell alcoholic beverages. Results."— Presentation transcript:
1920s Prohibition was imposed by a constitutional amendment; illegal to make, transport, or sell alcoholic beverages. Results of Prohibition –Speakeasies (places to drink) –Bootleggers smuggled booze (moonshine) –Organized Crime (Mafia or Cosa Nostra) Great Migration North (of Blacks) –Jobs scarce in South –Discrimination and violence –Better employment –Discrimination and violence in North also USII.5B Five Foot TwoButton up Your Overcoat Charleston
1920s CULTURE ARTART: Georgia OKeefe (paintings of SW); *Jacob Lawrence (painted Great Migration North) LITERATURELITERATURE: F. Scott Fitzgerald (wrote about Jazz Age), John Steinbeck (wrote about poor migrant workers of 1930s, *Langston Hughes (Africa and America) MUSICMUSIC: Aaron Copland & George Gershwin (wrote American music); *Duke Ellington and *Louis Armstrong (jazz composers); *Bessie Smith (blues singer) BLACK MOVEMENT IN ART & MUSIC – HARLEM RENAISSANCE * USII.5C
1920s SNAPS Ty Cobb Chaplin Capone Charleston Ellington Felix Keaton KKK Mahjongg Ruth Pickford Sacco & Vanzetti Houdini Ford I WANNA BE LOVED BY YOU
CAUSES OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION Over speculating on stocks (using borrowed money to invest) Federal Reserve failed to prevent the collapse of the banking system High tariffs strangled international trade USII.5D IMPACT ON AMERICANS Banks and businesses failed ¼ of all workers were out of jobs Many people were homeless and hungry Farmers incomes fell to low levels
THE NEW DEAL Social Security Federal work programs Environmental improvements programs Farm assistance programs Increased rights for labor USII.5D
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