Presentation on theme: "The Great Depression USII.6d Identify the causes of the Great Depression, its impact on Americans, and the major features of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New."— Presentation transcript:
1The Great DepressionUSII.6d Identify the causes of the Great Depression, its impact on Americans, and the major features of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal
2What do you know about the Great Depression? Answer the following questions on a sheet of paper.What was an “Oakie”?What was a “Hooverville”?What was the new deal?What popular game was introduced during the depression?
3AnswersAn oakie was a migrant farm worker from Oklahoma and other states in the “Dust Bowl.”Hoovervilles were little one room shacks occupied by poor families during the depression, they were named Hoovervilles because they blamed President Hoover for their troubles.The New Deal was an economic program to try boost the American economy and give hope to discouraged Americans.Monopoly, it was thought that it would be fun to be rich enough to buy and sell property.
4The Great DepressionBeginning in 1929, the United States saw one of the most dramatic upheavals in its history, in just a few short years the nation crashed from the prosperity and glamour of the Roaring Twenties to the desperate hardship and poverty of the Great Depression.
5The Great Depression—the worst economic crisis in the country’s history—took a terrible toll on American society and culture, causing millions of people to be jobless, homeless, and starving for nearly a decade. Even today, nearly every survivor of the Great Depression can still recall the feelings of hunger and desperation.
6The optimism of the 1920’s concealed problems in the American economic system and attitudes about the role of government in controlling the economy.
7What caused the Great Depression, the worst economic depression in US history? It was not just one factor, but instead a combination of domestic (US) and worldwide conditions that led to the Great Depression.
8Causes of the Great Depression Many believe in error, that the stock market crash that occurred on Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929 is one and the same with the Great Depression. In fact, it was one of the major causes that led to the Great Depression. People over-speculated on stocks, using borrowed money that they could not repay when stock prices crashed.
9Causes: continuedThe Federal Reserve failed to prevent the collapse of the banking system.
10High Tariffs discouraged international trade. Causes: continuedHigh Tariffs discouraged international trade.
11So, the causes of the Great Depression were: People over-speculated on stocks, using borrowed money that they could not repay when stock prices crashed.The Federal Reserve failed to prevent the collapse of the banking system.High tariffs that discouraged international trade.
12The Depression had a widespread and severe impact on American life. 2. One forth (1/4) of workers were without jobs (25%)1. A large number of banks and other businesses failed.
13Impact continued3. Large numbers of people were hungry and homeless4. Farmers incomesfell to low levels.
14President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, used government programs to help the nation recover from the DepressionThe major features of the New Deal included:Social securityFederal work programs (such as Securities and Exchange Commission, Federal Insurance Deposit Corporation, and the WPA, Works Progress Administration)Environmental improvement programs (Civilians Conservation Corps )Farm assistance programsIncreased rights for labor
16The Sack DressChicken supplement came in cloth bags and some feed companies decided to put pretty designs on the bags. This was a great idea since we could make dresses from this fabric. It was a coarse weave but who cared. It was free. The last thing a man usually heard, when he walked out the door on his way to the feed store was, "Be sure to pick out a nice design.” Dresses weren't the only things made out of feed sacks. The white sacks were made into underwear, bed sheets, and table cloths.