7 ProhibitionThe 1920’s brought many changes to the U.S., one big change was prohibition.The Eighteenth Amendment made the manufacturing, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages illegal.Many Americans supported Prohibition.Some areas improved from this law.
8 ProhibitionHowever, some criminals, known as bootleggers, brought alcohol from other countries to sell in the U.S.Police had a little success stopping bootleggers.Because many Americans continued to drink, the Twenty-first Amendment was adopted, ending prohibition.
9 The Jazz Age Jazz was the most popular music of the 1920’s. Jazz has it’s roots in traditional African American music and began in New Orleans, Louisiana.Some of the more famous musicians are band leader Duke Ellington and trumpeter Louis Armstrong, aka Satchmo.
10 The Jazz AgeLouis Armstrong made many recordings with singer Bessie Smith, the most famous being “St.Louis Blues.”Jazz led to new dances like the Charleston, Lindy Hop or the Jitter Bug.The dances followed at type of music called Swing which is a faster style of Jazz.
11 Changing CultureJazz was such an important part of the 1920’s that writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, writer of the book “The Great Gatsby,” nicknamed the 20’s as “The Jazz Age.”Composer George Gershwin wrote some of the most popular music, such as “Rhapsody in Blue” and “An American in Paris.”
12 Changing CultureGeorge Gershwin and his brother Ira, wrote the music for the play “Porgy and Bess” which tells the story of an African American community.Composer Aaron Copland used traditional folk music to inspirer one of his best know works “Appalachian Spring.”
13 Changing Culture Dancers also changed the culture. Martha Graham developed a new dance style known as modern dance.Isadora Duncan was another leader in modern dance where she dances barefoot and wearing free-flowing costumes.
14 The Harlem Renaissance Harlem, New York is an African American neighborhood in New York City.Many painters, writers, and musicians came to Harlem to share ideas.This period is called the Harlem Renaissance.Writer, Langston Hughes wrote poems, books, and plays about the lives of African Americans.
15 The Harlem Renaissance Zora Neale Hurston wrote about the lives of African American women in novels such as “ Their Eyes Were Watching God.”Painter Jacob Lawrence created many paintings that showed African American life and history.
16 Athletes and Pilots The 1920’s made sports very popular as well. Sports fans listened to the radio to hear their favorite teams play baseball and other sports.Babe Ruth was one of the most famous baseball players of the time.
17 Athletes and Pilots Radio and newspapers captured historic events. Pilots were making daring flights.In 1927, Charles Lindbergh became the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean in 33 1/2 hours.“Lucky Lindy” became world famous from his flight.
18 Athletes and PilotsAmelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.Later she became the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
19 Women at WorkLife changed for many women once they got the right to vote.The economy was very good in the U.S. during the 1920’s opening many jobs for women.Many women moved from factory jobs to office jobs.Painter Georgia O’Keeffe became famous for her colorful scenes of nature.
20 Timeline 1919 - The Eighteenth Amendment began Prohibition. “The Great Gatsby” by F.Scott Fitzgerald is published.Charles Lindbergh made the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
21 Writing ResponseIn two or more paragraphs, explain how the American culture changed during the 1920’s.