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January 14, 2010 Anchorage, Alaska Lynn Fielding, School Board Member, Attorney, Author Greg Fancher, Asst Superintendent of Elementary Education, Kennewick.

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Presentation on theme: "January 14, 2010 Anchorage, Alaska Lynn Fielding, School Board Member, Attorney, Author Greg Fancher, Asst Superintendent of Elementary Education, Kennewick."— Presentation transcript:

1 January 14, 2010 Anchorage, Alaska Lynn Fielding, School Board Member, Attorney, Author Greg Fancher, Asst Superintendent of Elementary Education, Kennewick WA Annual Growth, Catch-up Growth

2 Kennewick Portland

3 Kennewick School District Enrollment: 15,000 Schools: 13 Elementary 4 Middle Schools 3 High Schools 1 Vocational Center 50% Free and Reduced: Budget $152 M Ethnic Make- up Anglo 74% Hispanic 22% Asian 2% African-American 2% Staff: Teachers 960 Classified 774 Administrators 60

4 Stating the Obvious Reading is our most basic academic skill. 85% of curriculum is delivered by reading including math--there are far more words than numbers in math textbooks. No other educational success can compensate for failure to teach reading early and well. Change must affect classroom practice.

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6 Today: A. Overview: Cradle to College B. Changing Cradle to Kindergarten C. Changing Kindergarten to College D. Coming together in Kennewick

7 A. The Mt. McKinley View of Cradle to College

8 MindyTony

9 Skills typical of 2-year old 4-year old 5-year old 6-year old 7-year old 3-year old 5 year range

10 Mindy Tony

11 It takes about an hour of normal classroom instruction for 180 days to make up each year a student is behind.

12 Behind: 1 year60 minutes x 180 days 2 years 120 minutes x 180 days 3 years120 minutes x 180 days

13 K yrs +1 yrs -1 yrs - 2 yrs -3 yrs Grade level REDO Understanding the Bands Mindy Tony

14 7 years 5 ¾ years 4 ½ years 3 ½ years 2 ¼ years Math achievement from the beginning of second grade through beginning of 10 th grade. Arrows show how many years earlier the upper band achieved the 10 th grade math levels of each lower band.

15 This chart was derived from copyrighted data provided by NWEA from 7,520 students whose reading scores and 8,842 students whos math scores were available during both at the end of third grade and the end of eighth grade in reading and math. © 2009 Northwest Evaluation Association.

16 National odds at birth of enrolling in a four-year university directly out of high school Total number of freshman seats available at four-year universities1,277,700 Number of students at each grade level 3,752,200 Odds at birth of your child enrolling as a freshman in a four-year university One in three (1:3)

17 Alaska odds at birth of enrolling in a four-year university directly out of high school Total number of freshman seats available at Alaska four-year universities 2,325 Number of students at each grade level 10,866 Odds at birth of your child enrolling as a freshman in a four-year university One in five (1:5)

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19 98% 44% 63% 25% 12% -0%

20 54% to 63% of dropouts

21 Community College Completion Rates Typical annual enrollment at all community colleges 10,133,874 Less non-degree/non-certificate-seeking attendees (12%) -1,216,065 Certificate- or degree-seeking students 8,917,809 Full-time two-year equivalent students 4,458,904 Associate degrees awarded annually 486,293/ 4,458,904 = Certificates awarded annually: Less than one year 133,249 One to two years 94,724 More than two, less than four 8,026 Annual certificates awarded 235,999/4,458,904 = Total AA and certificates awarded annually 722,292 / 4,458,904 = 11% 5% 16%

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23 Summary: Everything here is common sense 5 year range by kindergarten caused results at home Annual growth keeps 70%+ students in the band they start in. With catch-up growth and differences in teaching and motivation 30% of students move bands. Predictable post secondary outcomes by high/low bands. Spending billions maintaining this predictable pattern.

24 B. Changing Cradle to Kindergarten

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27 A question you might ask is, Where do you want your child or your grand-child or the children in this community to start?

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29 Childrens Reading Foundation Local affiliates 14 local affiliates serving 758,000 students in 127 districts Simple repetitive message: The most important 20 minutes of your day Read to a child. $1 a student-locally funded, locally operated Nancy Kerr (509)

30 Your current structure, resource allocation and beliefs are perfectly designed to create your current results.

31 Targets, training and tools for parents Three 90 minute lessons per year per age level Kennewick alone: 22,000 parent/lessons served 78% of students whose parents attended entered with at or above grade level skills. $135 per parent per year plus local delivery costs. Created more buzz than a state championship. readyforkindergarten.org

32 64% of parents believe: Child will catch up to other children within a year or two. 27% of parents believe: Child will be behind other children throughout school years. 9% of parents: Not sure.

33 C. Changing Kindergarten to College

34 The highly visible 90% Reading Goal created a clear line of sight from where we were to where we need to go. White paper-basis for subsequent change (page 239) Coming to grips with disparity between what we believed and what we lead our community to believe

35 Ten years ago, we had little idea what to do. Now we know what to do. The challenge is getting people to do it. - David Montague, Principal 2006 National Distinguished Principal of the Year-Washington State National Distinguished Principal of the Year-Washington State

36 Created by solid reading programs emphasizing accuracy, fluency, comprehension, phonemic awareness and explicit phonics. In primary grades, a minimum of 2 …hours of instruction is recommended. CORE Sourcebook 22.6

37 Eye-ball to eye ball Perhaps twice as effective at Washington than ten years before District instructional conferences Instruction is our craft Impact on talk- media stars

38 In primary grades, a minimum of 2 …hours of instruction is recommended. CORE Sourcebook minutes of eyeball to eyeball instruction Kennewick practice

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40 Annual growth for all students is hard to achieve. Annual growth for all students is hard to achieve. Yet a year of growth each year merely perpetuates the gap between the four quartiles. Yet a year of growth each year merely perpetuates the gap between the four quartiles. Catch-up growth is required to close it. Catch-up growth is required to close it.

41 Diagnostic testing to determine the deficient sub-skills of those behind Proportional increases in direct instruction time Teaching to the deficient sub-skill Retesting to assure that adequate catch-up growth actually occurred

42 Catch-up Growth When students leave kindergarten three years behind in reading, they must make six years of growth in three years to catch-up by 3 rd grade. When students leave kindergarten three years behind in reading, they must make six years of growth in three years to catch-up by 3 rd grade. This means they must make one year of annual growth and one year of catch-up growth each year. This means they must make one year of annual growth and one year of catch-up growth each year. Or, said another way, two years of growth in each 1 st, 2 nd, and 3 rd grades to catch up. Or, said another way, two years of growth in each 1 st, 2 nd, and 3 rd grades to catch up.

43 Use of additional tests by leading schools Use of sub-skill data in existing tests NWEA testing to look at sub skills. See page Annual Growth page 74 for other specific (10) diagnostic tests

44 In God we trust. Everyone else shows their data. -unknown Diagnostic testing and data

45 You can either fight assessment or embrace it. However, you cannot be a high-performance school without embracing assessment. -Dave Montague Diagnostic testing and data

46 There is no point in testing if you dont look at the data, dont understand it, and dont change. -Chuck Watson, Principal-Vista Elem., Kennewick, WA Diagnostic testing and data

47 Students who are behind do not learn faster than those who are ahead. Catch-up growth is driven primarily by proportional increases in direct instruction time. Catch-up growth is so difficult to achieve that it can be the product only of quality of instruction in great quantity.

48 Cascade Individual Student 3 rd Grade Scores at Thirteen Kennewick Elementary Schools, Fall 2002 Washington Westgate Amistad Eastgate Edison Canyon View Hawthorne Sunset View Vista Ridge View Southgate Lincoln

49 Increased time: a real life problem Tony has just scored at the 11 th percentile on the spring 2nd grade reading test. His state set their reading standard at the 50 th percentile. How much direct reading instruction does Tony need during 3rd and 4th grade to assure he will reach the state standard by the end of 4 th grade?

50 Increased time: real life problem continued a. State Standard in percentiles is…….. Percentile b. Tonys 2 nd grade status in percentiles Percentile c. Difference is……………………………………………….. Points Rough rule of thumb is 13 percentile points = 1 year of growth In elementary school the normal reading period has been minutes d. Divide the gap in points by 13 points to convert the gap into instructional years……… 3 rd 4 th Annual Growth minutes Catch-up Growth 1 extra year 1/2 extra year Total Minutes years

51 Standard Reading Block Plus Intervention Block Minutes Kennewick Elementary Schools by School by Grade for

52 Adult change when it does not.

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54 D. The Kennewick Experience

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57 1999 Insight When we actually said out loud: We do not know how to do this. Very liberatingAs long as you know what to do, the issue is just working harder at what you have always done. Telling the truth is always very difficult in this process.

58 Believe follows achievement. Must learn to hold impossible beliefs to achieve impossible things.

59 We like to think we follow our beliefs. In reality, our beliefs follow our experience. -Paul Rosier

60 There is no use trying, said Alice; one cant believe impossible things. I dare say you havent had much practice, said the Queen. When I was your age, I always did it for half an hour a day. Why, sometimes Ive believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast. –Lewis Carroll

61 Could not see what was happening in kindergarten, first and second grade. Adding of district tests at K, 1 and 2 Adding of diagnostic tests by the buildings Modeled use of data at each level.

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63 Locke-Bergeson story Mansfield story Girls championship basketball story. Labor day versus November 1

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65 The Implementation Years

66 Reading is now their priority Trained Teach the curriculum Knew where all the kids were Cooks knew where the kids were Unheard of levels of teaming

67 Movement of kids within remediation Sharing para-pros.

68 Fluid, Flexible Teaming

69 Became reading experts Attended all the staff reading training Knew where all the kids were (data) Knew the research Were in classrooms, not in the office Established look-fors (inspect your expectations)

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71 In entrenched low performing schools, teachers will hate and despise you. Principals whom you replace and their friends will despise you for high achievement. You must learn to be the sole holder of impossible beliefs to achieve impossible things until performance provides proof.

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73 If we know we have to improve, yet continue to do what weve always done in the same way weve always done it and continue to get the same results… Who really are the slow learners?

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75 Over arching concept today: These are pretty ordinary guys. Kennewick is a pretty ordinary district. If they can achieve these kinds of results, we should be able to.


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