Presentation on theme: "1 Improving Fluency Citrus: Literacy, Learners, & Leaders Developed by Becky Smith, Debbie Stanley, and David Jackson."— Presentation transcript:
1 Improving Fluency Citrus: Literacy, Learners, & Leaders Developed by Becky Smith, Debbie Stanley, and David Jackson
2 Literacy is… Listening Viewing Speaking Thinking Reading Writing Expressing using multiple symbol systems
3 Daily Non-negotiables Maintain a print-rich classroom Use the seven processes of literacy Read to and with students Teach,model,practice strategies of expert readers and writers Provide independent reading with accountability Instruct phonics & phonemic awareness for K-1, and for others who have reached mastery.
4 What is fluency? Reading with … Pace Accuracy Prosody …resulting in automaticity
5 Why is fluency important? Fluent readers have better comprehension Fluent readers perform better in content areas Fluent readers score higher on FCAT Fluent readers read for fun
Citrus County Schools, Florida6 What are the reading, language, and cognitive abilities that are most important in explaining individual differences in performance on the FCAT at 3 rd, 7 th, and 10 th grades? What kinds of skills and knowledge are particularly low in students who struggle on the FCAT? The Florida Center for Reading Research recently conducted a study of the FCAT to answer several important questions: FCRR Study
Fluency Verbal Abilities Percent of variance accounted for Non Verbal Memory 7 th Grade 43% 51% 22% 5%
What skills are particularly deficient in level 1 and level 2 readers at 7 th grade? FCAT Performance Level Skill/ability SAT9 percentile Fluency percentile Phonemic decoding Verbal knowledge/ reasoning 31 st 51 st 68 th 86 th 94 th 7 th 25 th 45 th 82 th 95 th 27 th 53 rd 53 rd 74 th 84 th 34 th 45 th 64 th 88 th 93 rd WPM on FCAT
9 Fluency and comprehension Shinn (1992), reviewing twenty- eight studies, found a median correlation of 0.82 Fuchs (1988), focusing on middle school, found a correlation of 0.91
Citrus County Schools, Florida10
11 How do we assess fluency? DIBELS Elementary FORF Middle School FORF High School
12 Basic Procedures for WCPM Provide two copies of a grade-level text Mark the place ] after one minute Mark errors / (skipped words, mispronunciations, substitutions, reversed order, struggles lasting three seconds)* Count the Words Correct Per Minute *Dont count self-corrections, insertions, or correct repetitions as errors.
13 How do we improve fluency? Teacher modelPartner reading Readers theater Student presentations Listening & recording Choral reading Echo readingMatch student with text Chart results to motivate
14 Partner Reading Practice Pair students Provide appropriate text Read for one minute Chart results
15 Matching student with text Independent > 94% accuracy Instructional 90-94% Frustration < 90% Lexile match / Fountas & Pinnell