Presentation on theme: "OVERVIEW OF CURRICULUM-BASED MEASUREMENT AS A GENERAL OUTCOME MEASURE Mark R. Shinn, Ph.D. Michelle M. Shinn, Ph.D. Lisa A. Langell, M.A., S.Psy.S."— Presentation transcript:
OVERVIEW OF CURRICULUM-BASED MEASUREMENT AS A GENERAL OUTCOME MEASURE Mark R. Shinn, Ph.D. Michelle M. Shinn, Ph.D. Lisa A. Langell, M.A., S.Psy.S.
AIMSweb in a Picture and a Sentence AIMSweb is a 3-tier Progress Monitoring System based on direct, frequent and continuous student assessment which is reported to students, parents, teachers and administrators via a web based data management and reporting system for the purpose of determining response to instruction.
CBM is a GOM Used for Scientific Reasons Based on Evidence Reliablevalid Reliable and valid indicator of student achievement Simple, efficientshort Simple, efficient, and of short duration to facilitate frequent administration by teachers helps teachers plan better instruction Provides assessment information that helps teachers plan better instruction Sensitive to the improvement Sensitive to the improvement of students achievement over time Easily understood Easily understood by teachers and parents Improves achievement Improves achievement when used to monitor progress
Things to Always Remember About CBM indicators important Designed to serve as indicators of general reading achievement: CBM probes dont measure everything, but measure the important things. Standardized tests standard way Standardized tests to be given, scored, and interpreted in a standard way Researched Researched with respect to psychometric properties to ensure accurate measures of learning
Skill Areas Currently Assessable via AIMSweb: Early Literacy [K-1 benchmark, Progress Monitor (PM) any age] –Letter Naming Fluency –Letter sound fluency –Phonemic Segmentation Fluency –Nonsense Word Fluency Early Numeracy (K-1 benchmark, PM any age) –Oral Counting –Number identification –Quantity discrimination –Missing number Oral Reading (K-8, PM any age) MAZE (Reading comprehension); (1-8, PM any age) Math Computation (1-6, PM any age) Math Facts (PM any age) Spelling (1-8, PM any age) Written Expression (1-8, PM any age) Early Literacy and Oral ReadingSpanish (K-8)
Big Ideas of Benchmark (Tier 1) Assessment Benchmarking allows us to add systematic Formative Evaluation to current practice. For Teachers (and Students) Early Identification of At Risk Students Early Identification of At Risk Students Instructional Planning Instructional Planning Progress Monitoring Progress Monitoring For Parents Opportunities for Communication/Involvement Opportunities for Communication/Involvement Accountability Accountability For Administrators Resource Allocation/Planning and Support Resource Allocation/Planning and Support Accountability Accountability
Benchmark (Tier 1): 3x per year Strategic Monitoring (Tier 2): 1x per month for select students at risk for educational difficulties (Optional) Progress Monitor (Tier 3): Intensive assessment with adjustable frequency that matches need
Managing Data after Assessment is Easy: After completing assessment, quickly type data in system. AIMSweb instantly generates multiple reports for analysis and various decision-making purposes. A few of the many reports available appear here: SAMPLESSAMPLESSAMPLESSAMPLES
Tier 1: Benchmark Three times per year for all students. Three times per year for all students. Fall: September Winter: January Spring: May
For Teachers: Classroom Report
Box & Whiskers Graphs (box plots): A Brief Explanation AIMSweb commonly uses box plots to report data. This chart will help familiarize yourself with box plots: Consider bell-curve. Box plots are somewhat similar in shape and representation. 75 th percentile Median (50 th percentile) 25 th percentile 90 th percentile 10 th percentile outlier Average range of population included in sample. Below Average Range Above Average Range
Report Beginning of Year Status
Individual Report: Student
Know When Things are Working
Have Data to Know When Things Need Changing
Data to Know that Changes Made a Difference
Identifying At Risk Students
Tier 2: Strategic Monitor (Monthly) Provides option to increase assessment frequency for select students who have been identified as at-risk in the Benchmark process – or for all students if desired.
At-a-Glance Views of Student Ranking & Growth
Follow student progress over time.
Compare Sub-group Trends:
Compare a School to a Composite
Compare Yearly Improvement Progress by 50 th Percentiles
Compare Average Student Performance by Benchmark & Across Years
View Growth Trends by Grade and Benchmark Period; View by Comparison Group & Across Years
Compare Average Performance by Sub-Group Compare by: Service Code Service Code Ethnicity Ethnicity ELL/ESL ELL/ESL Meal Status Meal Status Various targets Various targets
School Reporters may also view data by Grade Level:
School Reporters May View By Grade Level Data: Options Shown Below
View Data by Scores and Percentile Rank per Grade Level within a school or by specific Classroom
Convert Tables to Chart formats
National Normative Data
Small Sampling of District-Level Reports
Customer-Level Reports (Multi-District)
Compare Your School to Various Composite Groups, By Grade:
Progress Monitoring Strategies for Writing Individual Goals in General Curriculum and More Frequent Formative Evaluation Mark Shinn, Ph.D. Lisa A. Langell, M.A., S.Psy.S.
Big Ideas About Frequent Formative Evaluation Using General Outcome Measures and the Progress Monitoring Program One of the most powerful interventions that schools can use is systematic and frequent formative evaluation. Benchmark Assessment is not enough for some students because they may be in ineffective programs too long. (3 mos +) The solution is to write individualized goals and determine a feasible progress monitoring schedule. The core of frequent progress monitoring is: 1. 1.Survey-Level Assessment 2. 2.Goal setting using logical educational practices 3. 3.Analysis of student need and resources for determining progress monitoring frequency.
With Very Low Performers, Not Satisfactory to Wait This Long!
Formative Evaluation of Vital Signs Requires Quality Tools Technical adequacy (reliability and validity); Capacity to model growth (able to represent student achievement growth within and across academic years); Treatment sensitivity (scores should change when students are learning); Independence from specific instructional techniques (instructionally eclectic so the system can be used with any type of instruction or curriculum); Capacity to inform teaching (should provide information to help teachers improve instruction); Feasibility (must be doable).
Thinking About A Students Data Sample Student: Melissa Smart 3 rd grade student Progress Monitor
Formative EvaluationIs simply data enough?
Formative Evaluation: Is data and a goal enough?
Formative Evaluation: Are data, goals & trends enough?
Formative Evaluation is Impossible without all data: Goals Make Progress Decisions Easier
Need Shift to Few But Important Goals Often Ineffective Goal Smorgasboard! Student will perform spelling skills at a high 3rd grade level. Student will alphabetize words by the second letter with 80% accuracy. Student will read words from the Dolch Word List with 80% accuracy. Student will master basic multiplication facts with 80% accuracy. Student will increase reading skills by progressing through Scribner with 90% accuracy as determined by teacher-made fluency and comprehension probes by October To increase reading ability by 6 months to 1 year as measured by the Woodcock Johnson. Student will make one year's growth in reading by October 2006 as measured by the Brigance. Student will be a better reader. Student will read aloud with 80% accuracy and 80% comprehension. Student will make one year's gain in general reading from K-3. Students will read 1 story per week.
Reduce the Number of Goals to a Few Critical Indicators ReadingIn (#) weeks (Student name) will read (#) Words Correctly in 1 minute from randomly selected Grade (#) passages. SpellingIn (#) weeks (Student name) will write (#) Correct Letter Sequences and (#) Correct Words in 2 minutes from randomly selected Grade (#) spelling lists. Math ComputationIn (#) weeks (Student name) will write (#) Correct Digits in 2 minutes from randomly selected Grade (#) math problems. Written ExpressionIn (#) weeks (Student name) will write (#) Total Words and (#) Correct Writing Sequences when presented with randomly selected Grade (#) story starters.
Conducting a Survey Level Assessment Students are tested in successive levels of general curriculum, beginning with their current expected grade placement, until a level at which they are successful is determined.
Conducting a Survey Level Assessment John 5 th grader: 5 th grade passage 26/12 John 4 th grade passage 49/7 John 3 rd grade passage 62/4
Base Goal Setting on Logical Educational Practices Example of PLEP statement: John currently reads about 26 words correctly from Grade 5 Standard Reading Assessment Passages. He reads Grade 3 reading passages successfully; 62 correct words per minute with 4 errors, which is how well beginning 3 rd grade students read this material.