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Subject – Verb Agreement Why do subjects and verbs have to agree? After all, they are only words!

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Presentation on theme: "Subject – Verb Agreement Why do subjects and verbs have to agree? After all, they are only words!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Subject – Verb Agreement Why do subjects and verbs have to agree? After all, they are only words!

2 Whats wrong with these sentences? There is too many pictures on the wall.There is too many pictures on the wall. Or this one? Everybody but Julio want to go home.Everybody but Julio want to go home. Or this one? All the people wants to win the lottery.All the people wants to win the lottery. The subjects and verbs dont agree !

3 How do we fix them? There are too many pictures on the wall.There are too many pictures on the wall. A plural subject goes with a plural verb. Everybody but Julio wants to go home.Everybody but Julio wants to go home. A singular subject goes with a singular verb. All the people plan to win the lottery.All the people plan to win the lottery. A plural subject goes with a plural verb. Now the subjects and verbs agree!

4 To be correct, subjects and verbs must agree… NUMBER: They must agree in NUMBER: Singularsubjectssingularverbs (EXCEPT for the words YOU and I).Singular subjects take singular verbs (EXCEPT for the words YOU and I). EveryonewantsEveryone wants to win the lottery. Plural subjectspluralverbs.Plural subjects take plural verbs. AllwantAll the players want to win the game. Agreement can only be achieved in the present tense. NEVER use past tense for agreement.Agreement can only be achieved in the present tense. NEVER use past tense for agreement.

5 Examples... The student works hard.- singular (unlike, a subject, add an s to make a verb singular)The student works hard.- singular (unlike, a subject, add an s to make a verb singular) The students work hard.- plural (unlike a subject, take the s away to make a verb plural)The students work hard.- plural (unlike a subject, take the s away to make a verb plural) **The FIRST helping verb must agree with the subject!- The class IS building bird houses.

6 Verb before the subject… Inside the garage are the shovel. Across the border is Reynosa and Progresso. Where is the instructions for the X- Box? Shouldnt they be…? Inside the garage is the shovel.Inside the garage is the shovel. Across the border are Reynosa and Progresso.Across the border are Reynosa and Progresso. Where are the instructions for the X- Box?Where are the instructions for the X- Box?

7 BEWARE! BEWARE! BEWARE! Prepositional Phrases will try to trick you. Always focus on the SUBJECT of the sentence! The class (of students) is smart. The class (of students) is smart. The girls (in the class) are smart. The girls (in the class) are smart.

8 What causes problems with S/V agreement? Words between the subject and the verb:Words between the subject and the verb: The shoes in the closet needs to be shined. In the closet is a prepositional phrase between the subject shoes and the verb need. To be correct, the verb should be: need with no s The shoes in the closet need to be shined. Common Prepositions aboutbeforeduringinsideover abovebelowexceptinthrough acrossbesideforofto aroundbetweenfromoffunder atbyinonwith

9 BEWARE! BEWARE! BEWARE! Indefinite Pronouns will try to trick you. Know which ones are Singular, Plural, and Both The class (of students) is smart. The class (of students) is smart. The girls (in the class) are smart. The girls (in the class) are smart.

10 Indefinite Pronouns Singular-one, -body, -thing, each, either, neither Example: Each of the doors is broke. PluralBoth, few, many, several Example: Both of my friends are grounded. BothAll, none, any, most, some, more Example: All of the book is ruined. Example: Most of my grades are good. **ONLY look inside of the prep phrase to determine the number of the subject of SINGULAR and PLURAL Indefinite Pronouns. This is the time only time you rely on the prepositional phrase.

11 Compound Subjects Subjects joined by and usually take a plural verb. The boy and girl live in two different dormitories. 2. A compound subject that names only one person or thing takes a singular verb. The captain and point guard is Jack. Peanut butter and jelly is my favorite snack.

12 Compound Subjects Singular subjects joined by or or nor take a singular verb. A ticket or pass is required to enter the gala. An excuse or a doctors note is required to return to school. 4. When a singular Subject and Plural Subject are joined by or or nor, the verb agrees with the subject nearer the verb. The students or teacher is in the classroom. The notebook or the books are in my backpack.

13 Subject-Verb Agreement Rules for Other Special Problems Rules for Other Special Problems The contractions Here's, There's, and Where's contain the singular verb is causing it to take a singular subject. Examples: 1. Here's my shoe (not shoes). 2. There's my notebook (not notebooks). 2. There's my notebook (not notebooks).

14 Subject-Verb Agreement Rules for Other Special Problems Rules for Other Special Problems Doesn't is SINGULAR and Don't is PLURAL! Examples: 1. She doesn't want to go to the gala with him. 2. These shoes don't fit well.

15 Subject-Verb Agreement Rules for Other Special Problems Rules for Other Special Problems Most nouns ending in s are still SINGULAR. Examples:MumpsMeaslesNewsPhilippines

16 Subject-Verb Agreement Rules for Other Special Problems Rules for Other Special Problems Words stating amounts are usually SINGULAR. Example: Fifty thousand dollars has been raised (not have).

17 Practice Sentences 1. Jan begins her vacation today. Sing. Sub./Sing.Verb 2. New families move into our neighborhood. Plural. Sub./Plural Verb Plural. Sub./Plural Verb 3. The girls have been delayed. 1 st helping verb agrees with sub 4. Is anyone filling the piñata? Reword: 1 st helping verb agrees with sub. Reword: 1 st helping verb agrees with sub. 5. The successful candidate, along with two of her aides, has entered the auditorium. Take out the prep. ph.

18 Practice Sentences 6. Scientists from all over the world have gathered in Geneva. Look at sub; not prep. ph 7. Each of the newcomers was welcomed to the city. Sing. Sub./Sing.Verb 8. Few of our neighbors have parakeets. Plural. Sub./Plural Verb Plural. Sub./Plural Verb 9. All of the fruit looks fresh. ALL can be both ; obj. of prep.ph 10. All of the pears are ripe. ALL can be both ; obj. of prep.ph

19 Practice Sentences 11. Our dog and cat get baths in the summer. Plural. Sub./Plural Verb; and = more than one Plural. Sub./Plural Verb; and = more than one 12. Red Beans and Rice is my favorite meal. Sing. Sub./Sing.Verb; its just one dish Sing. Sub./Sing.Verb; its just one dish 13. The chief geologist or her assistant is due to arrive tonight. or = verb agrees w/ sub. nearer the verb 14.A book or flowers usually make an appropriate gift. or = verb agrees w/ sub. nearer the verb 15.The clothes or the bag smells terrible. or = verb agrees w/ sub. nearer the verb or = verb agrees w/ sub. nearer the verb


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