Presentation on theme: "Subject – Verb Agreement"— Presentation transcript:
1Subject – Verb Agreement Why do subjects and verbs have to agree? After all, they are only words!We agree
2What’s wrong with these sentences? There is too many pictures on the wall.Or this one?Everybody but Julio want to go home.All the people wants to win the lottery.The subjects and verbs don’t agree!
3How do we fix them? Now the subjects and verbs agree! There are too many pictures on the wall.A plural subject goes with a plural verb.Everybody but Julio wants to go home.A singular subject goes with a singular verb.All the people plan to win the lottery.Now the subjects and verbs agree!
4To be correct, subjects and verbs must agree… They must agree in NUMBER:Singular subjects take singular verbs (EXCEPT for the words YOU and I).Everyone wants to win the lottery.Plural subjects take plural verbs.All the players want to win the game.Agreement can only be achieved in the present tense. NEVER use past tense for agreement.VerbSubject
5Examples. . .The student works hard.- singular (unlike, a subject, add an “s” to make a verb singular)The students work hard.- plural (unlike a subject, take the “s” away to make a verb plural)**The FIRST helping verb must agree with the subject!- The class IS building bird houses.
6Verb before the subject… Inside the garage are the shovel.Across the border is Reynosa and Progresso.Where is the instructions for the X-Box?Shouldn’t they be…?Inside the garage is the shovel.Across the border are Reynosa and Progresso.Where are the instructions for the X-Box?
7BEWARE! BEWARE! BEWARE!Prepositional Phrases will try to trick you. Always focus on the SUBJECT of the sentence!The class (of students) is smart.The girls (in the class) are smart.
8What causes problems with S/V agreement? Words between the subject and the verb:The shoes in the closet needs to be shined.In the closet is a prepositional phrase between the subject shoes and the verb need.To be correct, the verb should be: need with no “s”The shoes in the closet need to be shined.Common Prepositionsaboutbeforeduringinsideoverabovebelowexceptinthroughacrossbesideforoftoaroundbetweenfromoffunderatbyonwith
9BEWARE! BEWARE! BEWARE!Indefinite Pronouns will try to trick you. Know which ones are Singular, Plural, and BothThe class (of students) is smart.The girls (in the class) are smart.
10Indefinite Pronouns Singular -one, -body, -thing, each, either, neitherExample: Each of the doors is broke.PluralBoth, few, many, severalExample: Both of my friends are grounded.BothAll, none, any, most, some, moreExample: All of the book is ruined.Example: Most of my grades are good.**ONLY look inside of the prep phrase to determine the number of the subject of SINGULAR and PLURAL Indefinite Pronouns. This is the time only time you rely on the prepositional phrase.
11Compound Subjects. . .1. Subjects joined by and usually take a plural verb.The boy and girl live in two different dormitories.2. A compound subject that names only one person or thing takes a singular verb.The captain and point guard is Jack.Peanut butter and jelly is my favorite snack.
12Compound Subjects. . .3. Singular subjects joined by “or” or “nor” take a singular verb.A ticket or pass is required to enter the gala.An excuse or a doctor’s note is required to return to school.4. When a singular Subject and Plural Subject are joined by “or” or “nor,” the verb agrees with the subject nearer the verb.The students or teacher is in the classroom.The notebook or the books are in my backpack.
13Subject-Verb Agreement Rules for Other Special ProblemsThe contractions Here's, There's, and Where's contain the singular verb “is” causing it to take a singular subject.Examples:1. Here's my shoe (not shoes).2. There's my notebook (not notebooks).
14Subject-Verb Agreement Rules for Other Special ProblemsDoesn't is SINGULAR and Don't is PLURAL!Examples:1. She doesn't want to go to the gala with him.2. These shoes don't fit well.
15Subject-Verb Agreement Rules for Other Special ProblemsMost nouns ending in “s” are still SINGULAR.Examples:MumpsMeaslesNewsPhilippines
16Subject-Verb Agreement Rules for Other Special ProblemsWords stating amounts are usually SINGULAR.Example:Fifty thousand dollars has been raised (not have).
17Practice Sentences1. Jan begins her vacation today. Sing. Sub./Sing.Verb2. New families move into our neighborhood.Plural. Sub./Plural Verb3. The girls have been delayed. 1st helping verb agrees with sub4. Is anyone filling the piñata?Reword: 1st helping verb agrees with sub.5. The successful candidate, along with two of her aides, has entered the auditorium. Take out the prep. ph.
18Practice Sentences6. Scientists from all over the world have gathered in Geneva. Look at sub; not prep. ph7. Each of the newcomers was welcomed to the city. Sing. Sub./Sing.Verb8. Few of our neighbors have parakeets.Plural. Sub./Plural Verb9. All of the fruit looks fresh. ALL can be “both” ; obj. of prep.ph10. All of the pears are ripe. ALL can be “both” ; obj. of prep.ph
19Practice Sentences 11. Our dog and cat get baths in the summer. Plural. Sub./Plural Verb; “and” = more than one12. Red Beans and Rice is my favorite meal.Sing. Sub./Sing.Verb; it’s just one dish13. The chief geologist or her assistant is due to arrive tonight. “or” = verb agrees w/ sub. nearer the verbA book or flowers usually make an appropriate gift. “or” = verb agrees w/ sub. nearer the verbThe clothes or the bag smells terrible.“or” = verb agrees w/ sub. nearer the verb