2 Rules Singular and Plural Number When a word refers to one person of thing, it is singular in numberWhen a word refers to more than one, it is plural in numbereg: One of the players was not wearing his glove. = singulareg2: Several of the players were not wearing their gloves. = Plural
3 Agreement of Subject and Verb A verb agrees with its subject in numberSingular subjects take singular verbseg: Marcia attends college, but Laura goes to computer schoolPlural subjects take plural verbseg: Marcia and Laura attend college but the other girls do notSingular I and you take verbs that do not end in “s”“Were” is normally plural except when used with singular you.
4 Selecting verbs that agree with their subjects The number of subject is not changed by a phrase following the subjecteg: One of the women is cryingeg2: Both women from the senate were at the meetingwith, together with, in addition to, as well as, along withPrepositional phrases beginning with expression above do not affect number of verb
5 Singular Nouns Each • Nobody Either • Anyone Neither • Anybody One • SomeoneEveryone • SomebodyEvery bodyNo one
7 • Pronouns below maybe either singular or plural depending on meaning of the sentence SomeAllAnyMostNone
8 Do not confuse both~and = plural verb. Compound SubjectMost compound subjects joined by and take a plural verb.Singular subjects joined by or or nor take singular verbeg: Niether~nor = take singular verbeg2: either~or = take plural verbDo not confuse both~and = plural verb.The word either may be omitted, but the number of the subject is not change as long as the parts are joined by orWhen singular and a plural subject are joined by or or nor the verb agrees with the nearer subject.
9 Collective nouns May be either singular or plural Are nouns that names a group of person or objectsVerb agrees with its subjects, not with its predicate nominative (refers to the subject, usually after the verb)
10 Other problems in agreement When the subject follows a verb, as In sentences beginning with there and here, be careful to anticipate the subject, and make sure with that verb agrees with itWord stating amount are usually singularThe number of takes a singular verb and a number of takes a plural verb.Every or many a before a word or a series of words is followed by singular verbThe title of a work or art, literature, or music even when plural in form takes singular verb.Don’t and doesn’t must agree with their subjectA pronoun agrees with its antecedent in gender and number