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BELL RINGER 1)What was the Tennis Court Oath? 2)What was the National Assembly? 3)What was the Declaration of Rights of Man and the Citizen? 4)Why was.

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Presentation on theme: "BELL RINGER 1)What was the Tennis Court Oath? 2)What was the National Assembly? 3)What was the Declaration of Rights of Man and the Citizen? 4)Why was."— Presentation transcript:

1 BELL RINGER 1)What was the Tennis Court Oath? 2)What was the National Assembly? 3)What was the Declaration of Rights of Man and the Citizen? 4)Why was the storming of the Bastille so important?

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3 The flight to Varennes On the night of June the royal family fled Paris wearing the clothes of servants, while their servants dressed as nobles. However, the next day the king was recognized and arrested at Varennes. He was paraded back to Paris under guard, and still wearing his rags.

4 The flight to Varennes When they reached Paris, the crowd remained silent. The Assembly provisionally suspended the king. He and Queen Marie Antoinette remained held under guard.

5 The last days of the National Constituent Assembly In 1791, the Assembly set up a limited monarchy with a king and a Legislative Assembly. With most of the Assembly still favouring a constitutional monarchy rather than a republic, the various groupings reached a compromise which left Louis XVI little more than a figurehead:

6 The last days of the National Constituent Assembly Louis XVI had to swear an oath to the constitution, and a decree declared that retracting the oath, heading an army for the purpose of making war upon the nation, or permitting anyone to do so in his name would amount to de facto abdication.

7 The French Revolutionary Wars Other European monarchs threaten to help Louis XVI (Austria and Prussia). Legislative Assembly declared war on Austria. After early skirmishes went badly for France, the first significant military engagement of the war occurred with the Franco-Prussian Battle of Valmy. Although heavy rain prevented a conclusive resolution, the French artillery proved its superiority.

8 The French Revolutionary Wars However, by this time, France stood in turmoil and the monarchy had effectively become a thing of the past. Distrust spread through France.

9 Attitudes & actions of monarchy & court Fear of Counter- Revolution Religious divisions Political divisions War Economi c Crises The Causes of Instability in France

10 Radicalism Movement Georges Danton {Minister of Justice} sought revenge on those who aided the king. Thousand of people were arrested and massacred.

11 Radical Movement Jean-Paul Marat (important leader) argued that the poor had a right to take from the rich whatever they needed, even by violence.

12 Constitutional crisis National Convention met in Two Factions (dissenting groups). A. Urban Mountain B. Rural Girondins. Jacobin political club divided over the issue. (the monarchy)

13 Paris Commune On the night of August , insurgents, supported by a new revolutionary Paris Commune, assailed the king and queen. The king and queen ended up prisoners and a rump session of the Legislative Assembly suspended the monarchy.

14 The Jacobins Jacobin Meeting House

15 The Jacobins Girondins wanted to keep the king alive. Mountains wanted to kill the king. What happened? THE KING WAS BEHEADED!!!!!!!

16 Beheading of Louis XVI

17 Guillotine

18 Marie Antoinette on the Way to the Guillotine Marie Antoinette on the Way to the Guillotine

19 Results of the Beheading Then what happened? Marat, a Mountain, was stabbed by Charlotte Corday, a Girondin. He was stabbed in his own bathtub.

20 The Death of Marat by Jacques Louis David, 1793

21 Maximilien Robespierre After Danton, Robespierre took charge of the Committee of Pubic Safety. He was known for his honesty, The Incorruptible. He believed if anyone didnt submit to the general will they should be executed.

22 Maximilien Robespierre Politically, Robespierre was a disciple of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, among other Enlightenment philosophes. It is with regret that I pronounce, the fatal truth: Louis ought to perish rather than a hundred thousand virtuous citizens; Louis must die, so that the country may live."

23 Committee for Public Safety Revolutionary Tribunals. Revolutionary Tribunals. 300,000 arrested. 300,000 arrested. 16,000 – 50,000 executed. 16,000 – 50,000 executed.

24 The Reign of Terror The slightest hint of counter- revolutionary thoughts or activities could place one under suspicion, and the trials did not proceed scrupulously.

25 The Reign of Terror Revolutionary courts prosecuted enemies of revolution. Close to 40,000 people were killed during this time. Clergy and Nobles – 15% of the victims. Bourgeoisie and Peasants – 85% of the victims.

26 The Reign of Terror Terror is nothing other than justice, prompt, severe, inflexible. -- Robespierre Let terror be the order of the day!

27 The Monster Guillotine The last guillotine execution in France was in The last guillotine execution in France was in 1939.

28 A nation in arms Committee of Public Safety called for a universal mobilization in The mobilization was to save the republic from foreign nations. By September of 1794 France had an army of 1,169,000.

29 A nation in arms This new revolution changed the nature of warfare. It took an important step in creating modern nationalism. Peoples army fighting for the peoples govt.

30 Robespierre Arrest He was determined to rid France of its domestic enemies. National Convention feared him so they had him arrested.

31 The Arrest of Robespierre

32 The Revolution Consumes Its Own Children! Danton Awaits Execution, 1793 Robespierre Lies Wounded Before the Revolutionary Tribunal that will order him to be guillotined, 1794.

33 The Directory One of the govt corruption. People reacted against the Reign of Terror. The Directory could not solve the economic crisis in France. It relied on Military to stay in power.

34 1799, a coup detat (sudden overthrow of the govt) was led by the popular general Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon took power.

35 Review Who was George Danton? Who was Maximilien Robespierre? What was the Reign of Terror? How did Napoleon come to power?


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