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The American Civil War.

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Presentation on theme: "The American Civil War."— Presentation transcript:

1 The American Civil War



4 A Southern Government Southern capital became Richmond, Virginia
President was Jefferson Davis Confederate States of America 11 Confederate States 4 border states- slave states that didn’t take a side South called “Rebels” North called “Yankees” 40% were younger than 21 years old

5 The goal of the South was to be recognized as an independent nation
At the beginning of the war, the North had many more advantages over the South The goal of the South was to be recognized as an independent nation The goal of the North was to bring the South back to the Union and preserve it.


7 Anaconda Plan Three part strategy for the Union
1. Blockade all Southern ports 2. Control Mississippi River 3. Capture Richmond

8 The Generals Robert E. Lee- All Confederate forces
“Stonewall” Jackson – Confederate under Lee McClellan – 1st Union’s Army of the Potomac Ambrose Burnside -2nd Union Joseph Hooker – 3rd Union George Meade- 4th Union Ulysses Grant – Union’s Army of the West William Sherman- Union under Grant

9 First Battle of Bull Run

10 Battle of Bull Run 1st major battle Fought in Manassas Virginia.
July 1861 Southern General “Stonewall” Jackson becomes hero Huge victory for the Confederates Began the “rebel yell” McClellan gets replaced by Burnside Section 2


12 To prevent the South to trade, Lincoln ordered a naval blockade along all Southern ports
South used blockade runners March 1862-Merrimack(Confederate) v Monitor(Union) – two metal-covered ships that fought against each other War at Sea


14 CSS Hunley 2nd sub Built in Mobile Al. in 1863, sent to Charleston Killed crew 3 times including it’s inventor Killed more Rebels than Yankees Removed from ocean in 2000



17 2nd sinking 8 people died






23 Shiloh April 6, 1862 My life Preserver G. E. D. Shiloh



26 War in the West Battle of Shiloh
North had early victories under Grant. Captured several forts on the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers Main goal in the west was to gain control of the Mississippi river. Battle of Shiloh- Union victory fought in Tennessee Lasted 2 days with over 20,000 casualties. North then captured New Orleans on April 1862 Confederacy can no longer use the upper Miss. War in the West Battle of Shiloh



29 War in the East Union’s goal here was to capture Richmond.
March August 1862 Confederate victories at Seven Days Battle and 2nd Battle of Bull Run



32 Battle of Antietam Sharpsburg Maryland
Confederates were on the offense General McClellan (North) found General Lee’s (South) plans, so the North had an upper hand Single bloodiest day of the war Victory for the Union Battle of Antietam


34 Emancipation Proclamation
. On January Made slavery illegal in the United States North hoped that by taking a stand on slavery, European countries would stop all trade with the South Emancipation Proclamation A CALL FOR FREEDOM Section 3



37 More than 2,000,000 Federal soldiers were twenty-one or under More than 1,000,000 were eighteen or under. About 800,000 were seventeen or under. About 200,000 were sixteen or under. About 100,000 were fifteen or under. Three hundred were thirteen or under-most of these fifers or drummers, but regularly enrolled, and sometimes fighters. Twenty-five were ten or under. A Boy’s War Section 4

38 Casualties of War Total Casualties – 700,00 Union – 360,000
Confederacy – 260,000 The Wilderness, May 5-7,17,666 died Spotsylvania, May :10,920died Cold Harbor, June 1-3,12,000 Petersburg, June 15-30,16,569

39 African Americans in the War
In the South slaves helped the war effort by working the plantations, dug trenches, cooked for soldiers, cleaned up the remains etc.. In the North the Navy was the first to enlist African Americans. In 1862 the Army open up. In all over 200,000 African American served in the Union army. 54th Massachusetts was most famous. Some escaped slaves served as spies due to their knowledge of the South

40 Women in the Civil War With the men away women began to take over their jobs at home. Factory jobs, office jobs, taking over farm duties etc. Some women worked as spies and nurses. Clara Barton started the American Red Cross. Other women helped out at camps by cooking and caring for the wounded.


42 Our boy


44 Southern Victories McClellan is replaced by Burnside
Battle of Fredericksburg Virginia – Dec (Confederate victory) Burnside is repalced by Hooker Battle of Chancellorsville - May 1863 another Confederate victory (Jackson dies) South begins to see victory after victory in the Spring of 1863 Southern Victories Section 5


Battle of Gettysburg – Pennsylvania July days. Begins as a result of Confederates looking for supplies Union victory. Confederates retreat. turning point in the war.-South never won another big victory On December 1863 Lincoln gives the Gettysburg Address Battle of Vicksburg – Miss. July Union victory. North now controls Miss River- cuts Confederacy in 1/2 BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG The Tide Turns

47 Gettysburg Address Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.


49 Final phases of the war Chattanooga Tenn.(Nov. 1863) Union victory
 Grant is now charge of all Union forces The new plan was for Grant to attack Lee’s army in Virginia and Sherman would crush the deep south Final phases of the war

50 Battle above the Clouds


52 Stalemate By mid 1864 Grant was stuck in Petersburg and Sherman was stuck outside Atlanta. Many Northern Peace Democrats pushed to end the war

53 Sherman’s March to the Sea
 In September 1864 Sherman captured Atlanta and burned it to the ground. Sherman’s army than marched through the South and performed “total war”. They burned, destroyed, killed everything in their 50 mile path. Marched from Atlanta to Savannah GA. He then turned North. This left the South in ruins



56 Surrender at Appomattox
Throughout the winter of 1865 Grant continued his fighting outside of Richmond. On April 2, 1865 the Union took over Richmond On April Lee surrendered to Grant at the Appomattox Court house in Virginia. This ended the Civil War Surrender at Appomattox

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