Four Types of Sentences Simple Sentence Compound Sentence Complex Sentence Compound-Complex Sentence
Five Parts of Complete Sentences Begin with capital letters Have end punctuation Have a subject (S) Have a verb (V) Makes sense
Simple Sentence A sentence that has one independent clause.
Types of Simple Sentences SV One person doing one thing. SSV Two people doing one thing. SVV One person doing two things. SSVV Two people doing two things.
Simple Sentence Formulas There are four simple sentence formulas: S V –The boy ran to the store. SSV –The boy and girl ran in a relay race.
Simple Sentences (cont.) SVV –Kevin went to the party and had a wonderful time. SS VV –Sally and Susan are friends and study together often.
Compound Sentences A compound sentence has two or more independent clauses.
Compound Sentence Formulas I, cI –Independent clause, coordinating conjunction independent clause. I;I –Independent clause ; Independent clause
Coordinating Conjunctions A word that is used with a comma to join two independent clauses. For And Nor But Or Yet So These are better know as FANBOYS.
Compound Sentences (I,cI) Football is my favorite sport to watch, but soccer is my favorite sport to play. The children ran all the way to school, yet they were late anyway. You will have to finish the project, or your group will get a failing grade.
Semicolons Semicolons (;) can also be used to join the two or more independent clauses of a compound sentence.
Compound Sentences (I;I) Susan loves to swim; her brother likes to dive. Jason was highly respected; he was always such a responsible person. The meeting was over; it was already midnight.
Simple Sentences vs Compound Sentences Simple –The men and women met at the station and went to dinner. Compound –The men met at the station, and the women went to dinner.
Simple Sentences vs Compound Sentences Simple –The ducks and geese squawked and fluttered their wings. Compound –The ducks squawked, and the geese fluttered their wings.
Complex Sentence A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
Dependent Clause A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and verb that cannot stand alone. (It doesnt make sense.)
Subordinating Conjunctions Subordinating conjunctions indicate a dependent clause. Aftereven ifsince Althougheven thoughso that Asifthan As ifin order thatthough As long asjust asunless As soon aslikeuntil As thoughoncewhen Becausewheneverbefore Whilerather than
Complex Sentence Formulas D, I –Dependent clause, Independent clause ID –Independent clause dependent clause.
Choosing the Formula If the dependent clause is first, use a comma to separate it from the independent clause. If the independent clause is first, there is no punctuation between the two.
Complex Sentences (D,I) When I get to Phoenix, you will be sleeping. You will be sleeping when I get to Phoenix After the players practiced, they went out for pizza. They went out for pizza after the players practiced.
Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence has two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
Example Sentences When you are ready, I will call the store, and we can talk to Tim. Before the trick-or-treaters came, Megan made candied apples; they were delicious. Jean had a headache after the party was over, so Paul cleaned up the house.
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