Presentation on theme: "Do the times make a man great, or does the man make his times great? Did Alexander the Great create history or was he just carried on by the tide of events."— Presentation transcript:
Do the times make a man great, or does the man make his times great? Did Alexander the Great create history or was he just carried on by the tide of events which were already occurring?
Alexander… Assumed the throne at age twenty Marched for eleven years over 22,000 miles and never lost a battle against the strongest foes of his time United an area of over 22 million square miles Setup a common system of currency Established many new colonies and cities Used conquered people in his government Saw no differentiation between Greeks and barbarians
Brought scientists on expeditions Made Greek the language for government, learning, and commerce Expanded Greek culture from the polis to the whole known world Set the stage for the eventual rise of Rome and of Christianity Greece ruled the near east politically for three hundred years and culturally for one thousand It is said, Had he not died young, he might have politically united the world.
But… Greece was already undergoing population pressures and a rising standard of living Greek culture had already been expanding The Persian empire had already been steadily weakening His father, Phillip, had already created the phalanx and started building an empire Little had been done to organize his empire; no permanent institutions were created to govern it Absolute monarchs ruled after he died, and the unity Alexander had created politically fell apart
Alexander the Great BC
Does the Man Make His Times or Do the Times Make the Man?
World 1870 Machines made of steel Electricity replaced steam New forms of transportation & communication -trains, telephones The globe shrank; European affairs became world affairs
World War I Began after assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria Serbia blamed -war spread quickly because of alliances Nationalism -to prove self, especially in Germany Nine million soldiers died: machine guns, poison gas, tanks, subs, airplanes Germany defeated in Treaty was harsh: It took German land away; limited number of soldiers and weapons; pay huge amount of money as war debt All lost: Young men died who could have provided leadership in the time between the two wars Led to rise of Adolf Hitler
Germany Germany had problems: money inflated; no money to repair war damages; jobs hard to find Many blamed World War I treaty Adolf Hitler was born in Austria, fought in WWI, began Nazi Party in 1920, led a rebellion but was put in jail, wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle) Hitler was a powerful speaker Claimed Germany was the super race Promised to rebuild country
Hitler became chancellor in 1933 Secret Police (SS) Hitler believed Germanys problems were caused by Jewish people Army took Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland in 1938 and 1939 War declared in 1939
Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan Allies Powers: Great Britain, France, and most other countries Jews forced into concentration camps where six million die
1941 Soviet Union enters war against Germany. United States enters war when Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Germany wins battles in beginning, but the large amount of soldiers sent by U.S. and allied bombing begins to turn toward Allies
1945 April -Hitler kills himself, Germany surrenders, Japan surrenders August, 1945 after atomic bombs dropped
The Question is… Did the times he lived in allow Hitler to rise to power, or did the charisma and personality of Hitler make the times? So… Did Alexander the Great make history, or did the time period in which he lived allow him to become great?