Presentation on theme: "Do the times make a man great, or does the man make his times great?"— Presentation transcript:
1Do the times make a man great, or does the man make his times great? Did Alexander the Great create history or was he just carried on by the tide of events which were already occurring?
2Alexander… Assumed the throne at age twenty Marched for eleven years over 22,000 miles and never lost a battle against the strongest foes of his timeUnited an area of over 22 million square milesSetup a common system of currencyEstablished many new colonies and citiesUsed conquered people in his governmentSaw no differentiation between Greeks and barbarians
3Brought scientists on expeditions Made Greek the language for government, learning, and commerce Expanded Greek culture from the polis to the whole known worldSet the stage for the eventual rise of Rome and of ChristianityGreece ruled the near east politically for three hundred years and culturally for one thousandIt is said, “Had he not died young, he might have politically united the world.”
4But…Greece was already undergoing population pressures and a rising standard of livingGreek culture had already been expandingThe Persian empire had already been steadily weakeningHis father, Phillip, had already created the phalanx and started building an empireLittle had been done to organize his empire; no permanent institutions were created to govern itAbsolute monarchs ruled after he died, and the unity Alexander had created politically fell apart
6Does the Man Make His Times or Do the Times Make the Man?
7World 1870 Machines made of steel Electricity replaced steam New forms of transportation & communication-trains, telephonesThe globe shrank; European affairs became world affairs
8World War IBegan after assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of AustriaSerbia blamed -war spread quickly because of alliancesNationalism -to prove self, especially in GermanyNine million soldiers died: machine guns, poison gas, tanks, subs, airplanesGermany defeated in Treaty was harsh: It took German land away; limited number of soldiers and weapons; pay huge amount of money as war debtAll lost: Young men died who could have provided leadership in the time between the two warsLed to rise of Adolf Hitler
9GermanyGermany had problems: money inflated; no money to repair war damages; jobs hard to findMany blamed World War I treatyAdolf Hitler was born in Austria, fought in WWI, began Nazi Party in 1920, led a rebellion but was put in jail, wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle)Hitler was a powerful speakerClaimed Germany was the super racePromised to rebuild country
10Hitler became chancellor in 1933 Secret Police (SS)Hitler believed Germany’s problems were caused by Jewish peopleArmy took Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland in 1938 and 1939War declared in 1939
11Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan Allies Powers: Great Britain, France, and most other countriesJews forced into concentration camps where six million die
121941Soviet Union enters war against Germany. United States enters war when Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, HawaiiGermany wins battles in beginning, but the large amount of soldiers sent by U.S. and allied bombing begins to turn toward Allies
131945April -Hitler kills himself, Germany surrenders, Japan surrenders August, 1945 after atomic bombs dropped
14The Question is…Did the times he lived in allow Hitler to rise to power, or did the charisma and personality of Hitler make the times?So…Did Alexander the Great make history, or did the time period in which he lived allow him to become great?