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 When WWI ended, strong dictatorships took hold  Germany – Adolf Hitler  Italy – Benito Mussolini  Japan – Emperor Hirohito.

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Presentation on theme: " When WWI ended, strong dictatorships took hold  Germany – Adolf Hitler  Italy – Benito Mussolini  Japan – Emperor Hirohito."— Presentation transcript:

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2  When WWI ended, strong dictatorships took hold  Germany – Adolf Hitler  Italy – Benito Mussolini  Japan – Emperor Hirohito

3  These aggressive (hostile) governments began taking over countries near them and formed an alliance known as the Axis Powers.  The Allied Powers, who opposed them, were Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the USA.

4  In 1939, Germany attacked Poland, and World War II began!  WWII ended in 1945, when Germany and Japan surrendered.

5  In the 1930s, Adolf Hitler began trying to get rid of all the Jews in Europe.  Jews had been disliked and persecuted in Germany for hundreds of years.  Hitler believed that his Aryan race was superior to or (better than) all other races.  First, he hurt Jews economically by ordering Germans to no longer shop in stores owned by Jews.

6  Next, his army forced them to leave their homes and move into crowded areas called “ghettos.”

7  The Jews were forced to work like slaves.  Finally, the Jews were forced into concentration camps (or death camps) where they were murdered by breathing poison gas.

8  As the Allied troops moved across Europe (after Germany surrendered), they came across horrible sights.  They found camps where Jews had been imprisoned and killed by Adolf Hitler and his Nazi troops.  Hitler was responsible for the murder of more than 6 million Jews between 1933 and  This terrible period of history is known as the Holocaust.

9  After WWII was over, many Holocaust survivors were afraid to go back to their former homes and many countries restricted where they could go.  When the State of Israel was established in 1948, thousands of Jewish people flooded into their new homeland.


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