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Fabulous Verbs EQ: What are the different types of verbs and how does each type work?

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1 Fabulous Verbs EQ: What are the different types of verbs and how does each type work?

2 Verbs? What are they? The first thing in figuring out verbs, you have to know WHAT a verb is! A verb is a word in a sentence that shows action. A verb is a word in a sentence that shows action. There are several different types of verbs that well be working with. Can you name some of the verbs that you know of? LINKING Verbs ACTION Verbs HELPING Verbs TRANSITIVE Verbs INTRANSITIVE Verbs

3 Ready, Set, ACTION!!! Action Verbs shows ACTION Action Verbs shows ACTION Examples: Walking Running Talking Drifting Sleeping Collapse Float Found And the list goes on, and on, and on, and on…

4 Action Verbs in Action 1. Sally listens to her favorite song. 2. Craig hits the baseball over the fence. 3. The little pig grunts. 4. The roof of the house leaks. 5. The hunter searches for a deer. 6. Dr. Gold examines his patient. 7. The bluebird in the tree sings beautifully. 8. The football team dashes out of the locker room

5 Linking Verbs Linking verbs act as an equals (=) sign in the sentence. Linking verbs act as an equals (=) sign in the sentence. subject is not doing anything The subject is not doing anything. Instead, it is or is like something else in the sentence include the forms of the verb to be Linking verbs include the forms of the verb to be is, am, was, were, are, be, being, been also related to the senses or condition Linking verbs are also related to the senses or condition (tastes, smells, looks, feels, sounds, seems) join the SUBJECT & the PREDICATE Linking verbs join the SUBJECT & the PREDICATE

6 Linking Verbs in Action Mr. Childers is Mr. Childers is the nicest teacher in the school. Here is the linking verb Mr. Childers is the subject Mr. Childers = the nicest teacher in the school.

7 More Linking Verbs in Action 1.I think the old house is haunted. __________ = ___________ 2.The large, barking dogs were scary. __________ = ___________ 3.My socks are in the top dresser drawer. __________ = ________ 4.There were five fish in the aquarium. __________ = __________ 5.Those jackets are too small for Billy. __________ = ___________ 6.I am the fastest runner on the team. __________ = __________ 7.We were the last ones to arrive. __________ = ___________ Old house is haunted dogs were scary socks are In the top dresser drawer were There five fish in the aquarium jackets are too small for Billy I am the fastest runner on the team We were the last ones to arrive

8 Linking Verbs/Page 88 Language Network Book Forms of be beamisarewaswere beenbeing be, am, is, are, was, were, been, being Verbs that express condition appearbecomefeel growlookremainseem smellsoundtaste appear, become, feel, grow, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, taste

9 Helping Verbs Helping verbs assist in expressing the thought more exactly, pointing out the time of an action, or shading the meaning slightly. Helping verbs assist in expressing the thought more exactly, pointing out the time of an action, or shading the meaning slightly. Not every sentence will have a helping verb with the main verb. HINT: When you see an "ing" verb such as "running", be on the lookout for a helping verb also. Sometimes there is another word which separates the helping verb from the main verb. One common example is "not", as in: The boy couldn't find his socks. - The helping verb is could and the main verb is find. A sentence may contain up to three helping verbs to the main verb. An example would be: The dog must have been chasing the cat. - The helping verbs are: must, have, and been; the main verb is chasing

10 maybedoshouldhavewillmightamdoescouldhascan mustisdidwouldhadshall XareXXXX XwasXXXX XwereXXXX XbeenXXXX XBeingXXXX 23 Helping Verbs/Page 89 Language Network Book – YOU MUST MEMORIZE THESE HELPING VERBS Remember this sentence… Maybe Mr. Do Should Have A Will

11 Verb Phrases Definition: A verb phrase is a group of related words that contains one or more helping verbs and a main verb. For example.... Jim has been working on his science project. The verb phrase is has been working. Has and been are the helping verbs, and working is the main verb. Sometimes the helping verbs are separated by other words, and thus one has to look carefully for the parts of the verb phrase. For example.... Has Joan written her report yet? The verb phrase is has written. The helping verb is has and the main verb is written. Note that the verb phrase is separated by the subject, Joan. Sometimes you can find the verb phrase more easily in a question sentence by changing it to a statement in your mind. Joan has written her report. (Note that the verb phrase is now together.)

12 Verb Phrase Examples 1. Will you buy me a drink? 2. Sam is not going to the dance. 3. Al should have mowed the lawn today. 4. Theresa will be playing her clarinet at the concert tonight. 5. Rosie could have worked on that project today. 6. Tony and Jim have been chosen as finalists at the science fair. 7. Hasn't the tailor finished the suit? 8. My grandmother has carefully repaired the broken vase. 9. Maria will probably leave for New York on Wednesday. 10. Does that offer still stand?

13 Verb Phrase Answers 1.will buy (subject, you, is separating the verb phrase) 2.is going (adverb, not, is separating the verb phrase) 3.should have mowed 4.will be playing 5.could have worked 6. have been chosen 7. has finished (n't stands for not and thus is an adverb; and tailor [the subject] is separating the verb phrase.) 8. has repaired (carefully is an adverb) 9. will leave (probably is an adverb) 10. does stand (still is an adverb; offer is the subject separating the verb phrase.)

14 Direct & Indirect Objects Before starting Transitive & Intransitive Verbs, lets clear up some questions about direct & indirect objects!

15 Direct Object the sentence has to have an action verb. In order to have a direct object, the sentence has to have an action verb. Once you see it has an action verb, you can see if there is a direct object. direct object will be a noun or pronoun that answers the question, what? or whom? A direct object will be a noun or pronoun that answers the question, what? or whom?

16 Indirect Object noun or pronoun that comes between the action verb and the direct object. An Indirect object will be a noun or pronoun that comes between the action verb and the direct object. There must be an action verb and a direct object. There must be an action verb and a direct object. If not, there cannot be an indirect object. That indirect object answers the question: for whom, to whom, for what. for whom, to whom, for what. BUT there will not be the words, for or to.

17 A Little Practice verbdirect object indirect object Instructions: Find the verb, direct object, and indirect object in the following sentences. 1. Has your boss sent you a notice about the next convention? 2. John read his tiny nephew an exciting story. 3. Our father built the family a redwood picnic table. 4. The doctor sent me a bill for his services. 5. We gave my mother a book for her birthday.

18 Answers 1. sent = verb; notice = direct object; you = indirect object 2. read = verb; story = direct object; nephew = indirect object 3. built = verb; table = direct object; family = indirect object 4. sent = verb; bill = direct object; me = indirect object 5. gave = verb; book = direct object; mother = indirect object

19 Transitive/Intransitive Verbs Verbs can be classified as transitive or intransitive. Transitive Verb: An action verb that has a direct object Transitive Verb: An action verb that has a direct object. Trans- means across. The action is going from the subject to a noun or pronoun that is the direct object of the action verb. She walked a tightrope. She walked what? A tightrope. Tightrope is the direct object of the verb, walked. Walked is a transitive verb. Intransitive Verb: In- means not, thus intransitive means no action going from subject to direct object. Intransitive Verb: In- means not, thus intransitive means no action going from subject to direct object. An action verb with no direct object is intransitive. All verbs of being are intransitive. She walked down the street. There is no noun or pronoun that directly follows the action verb, walked, in this sentence. Down the street is an adverbial prepositional phrase that tells where she walked. It is not a direct object. Bill is in room 13. There is no action here. Therefore, the verb is intransitive.

20 1. Jenny bought a present for Tom. 2. Jim is running in the track meet. 3. You will find the letter soon. 4. Have you noticed the broken window? (Change to a statement before you decide on an answer.) 5. The soup is salty. 6. Mike is the second oldest in the family. 7. Linda gave Tony an award for his work. 8. The teacher distributed the tests. 9. Did you get a good grade? 10. Bob participated in the contest. Transitive/Intransitive Examples TRANSITIVEINTRANSITIVE

21 Transitive/Intransitive Answers 1. bought (T) - transitive 2. is running (INT) - intransitive 3. will find (T) - transitive 4. have noticed (T) - transitive 5. is (INT) - intransitive 6. is (INT) - intransitive 7. gave (T) - transitive 8. distributed (T) - transitive 9. did get (T) - transitive 10. participated (INT) - intransitive


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