2Get your literary journal and set up a Type 2 response Get your literary journal and set up a Type 2 response. * What are the three types of verbs? * Write three sentences that use each verb correctly.
4There are three types of Verbs: 1. Action verbstell what action is occurringcan show physical or mental actionanswer the question: “What is the subject doing?”Examples:Susan ran the mile in gym.Susan knew she got her best time ever.
5There are three types of Verbs: 2. Helping verbshave no meaning by themselvesare used with a main verb (Together they make a verb phrase.)They “help” the main verb (which has the real meaning).Examples:Susan will run the mile in gym.Susan should know she got her best time ever.
6Helping Verb tips: Not every sentence has a helping verb. Helping verbs are often found with “-ing” verbs, such as “running”.A sentence may contain up to three helping verbs with the main verb.Examples:Susan will be running the mile in gym.Susan must have been thinking she got her best time ever.
7How can I remember the helping verbs? Old Mr. Do Once upon a time there was a wealthy merchant named Mr. Do. Mr. Do was very old and very rich. His many relatives were dreaming of the day the old man would die. They wondered which one of them would inherit his money. Finally, one day Mr. Do did die. All the relatives searched his house for a will. They didn't find one. They searched his house three times. They still did not find a will. The relatives did not get one dime of Mr. Do's fortune.The moral: Maybe Mr. Do should have a will. Remember this sentence and you will know how to set up a chart of the 23 helping verbs!
8How can I remember the helping verbs? Maybe Mr. Do should have a will.Notice that verbs in three of the families can also stand alone and be the main verb of the sentence.Ex. We are seventh graders. (are = main [linking] verb)Ex. We are learning about helping verbs. (are = helping verb; learning = main verb)
9There are three types of Verbs: 3. Linking verbsexpress a state of beingshow a relationship, not an actionlink (or connect) the subject to a word that describes that subjectExamples:Susan is a runner.Susan was the winner of the race.
10Common Linking Verbs: Forms of “to be” – state of being verbs is am arewaswerebebeingbeen
11Common Linking Verbs: Other common linking verbs include: look smell soundtastefeelappearbecomeseemgrowremainstayBe careful – these words can be used as an action verb or a linking verb!
12Linking vs. Action Verbs: To help you decide if one of these verbs is a linking verb, substitute is or are for the verb. If the sentence still makes sense, the verb is probably a linking verb.Example:The penguin looks comical. (Here, the penguin is being something.)The penguin is comical.Non-Example:The penguin looks for food. (Here, the penguin is doing something.)The penguin is for its food.
13Linking vs. Action Verbs Linking VerbAction VerbThe koala baby looks cute.The koala baby looks for its mother.The bark feels smooth.We feel the tree bark.The flower smells sweet.I smelled the sweet flower.John looked at the delicious pie.The man felt tired.The ghost appeared in my dream.The sandpaper felt rough.
15InfinitivesAn infinitive will almost always begin with “to” followed by the simple form of the verb, like this:“to” + verb = infinitiveexamples:to sneezeto smashto cryto shriekto jumpto readto eatto be
16InfinitivesAn infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.To leave is rude.(Noun – subject of the sentence)She is the candidate to watch.(Adjective –describing the noun “candidate”)We came to sing.(Adverb – describing the verb “came” and why we came)
17InfinitivesDo not confuse an infinitive with a prepositional phrase that begins with “to.”Infinitives:Prepositional phrases:to goto forgetto graduate(Remember: An infinitive is “to” + verb)to themto the mallto the nearest exit(Remember: A preposition has a noun or pronoun as its object.)