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Civics: Government and Economics in Action 1 Chapter 12: Local Government.

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Presentation on theme: "Civics: Government and Economics in Action 1 Chapter 12: Local Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 1 Chapter 12: Local Government

2 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 2 Chapter Links Section 1 Types of Local Government Section 2 Local Government Services and Revenues Section 3 Conflict and Cooperation Between Governments

3 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 3 Main Idea: There are many varieties of local government. Certain governmental structures are ideal for small towns. Large city governments are organized in a different way. Key Terms: Board Ordinances Municipality Section 1 Types of Local Government Section Outline: I.Counties and Townships II.New England Towns III. Special Districts IV. Cities

4 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 4 Counties and Townships Counties –Colonial way of dividing land –County Seats (capital of county) County Officials –Board: a group of people who manage the business of an organization –Ordinances: local laws Townships –Handled business of rural areas outside of seat

5 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 5

6 6 New England Towns –Different form of government –Made up of a village and farmlands –Citizens took an active part local government Town Meetings The closest thing America has to a direct democracy

7 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 7 Cities Municipality –A government that serves people in an urban area.

8 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 8

9 9 A C E B D

10 City Leaders The Mayor-Council Plan –Weak-Mayor plan Elected council holds legislative and executive power –Strong-Mayor plan The mayor is an executive figure Civics: Government and Economics in Action 10

11 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 11

12 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 12 Cities (cont.) The Council-Manager Plan –Plan where government is run like a business –Manager is CEO and free of political pressure The Commission Plan –Voters chose several commissioners to direct the cities different departments.

13 Type of GovtDefinitionPossible Advantage Possible Disadvantage Weak-Mayor Elected council holds legislative and executive power Strong-Mayor The mayor is an executive figure Council-Manager Plan where government is run like a business Commission Plan Voters chose several commissioners to direct the cities different departments. Civics: Government and Economics in Action 13

14 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 14 Section Outline: I.Education, Health, and Public Safety II.Utilities III.Land Use IV.Revenue: Paying for Services Main Idea: Local governments provide a wide variety of important everyday services. Several sources of revenue help pay for these services. Key Terms: Utilities Zoning Property Tax Intergovernmental Revenue Grant Section 2 Local Government Services and Revenue

15 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 15 Education, Health, and Public Safety Education –A very important and the most expensive aspect of local government Health and Welfare –Programs designed to give assistance to those in need. Public Safety –Police and Fire Department (Emergency Services)

16 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 16 Utilities –Services needed by the public, such as water, gas, and electricity. –Sewage treatment, garbage collection Planning –Utilities are planned on the local level, where the needs of the people can best be met.

17 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 17 Land Use Zoning –Local rules that divide a community into areas and tell how the land in each area can be used. The Planning Process –There are many steps in developing land –Commissions look at requests and carefully and decide how land may be used.

18 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 18 Revenue: Paying for Services Taxes –About 25 percent of local government revenue comes from a property tax Property Tax: a tax on land and building –Some communities employ a local sales tax Service Charges and Profits Borrowing Sharing Revenue

19 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 19 Section Outline: I.Relations Between Local Government II.Local and State Governments III.Local, State, and Federal Governments Main Idea: Local governments work with other local governments, their state government, and the federal government to get things done. These working relationships involve both cooperation and conflict. Key Terms: Councils of Governments Home Rule Section 3 Conflict and Cooperation Between Governments

20 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 20 Relations Between Local Government Councils and Conferences –Groups that work together to meet the regional needs. Conflict –There is often economic competition between local governments; especially for businesses. Cooperation –Communities work together to provide services that would be too expensive otherwise.

21 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 21 Local and State Governments Home Rule –The right to write your own charter –Local citizens have always demanded a voice Conflict –Sometimes the state government and local governments experience disagreements. Cooperation –State and local governments also work together to solve problems.

22 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 22 Local, State, and Federal Governments Federal Funding –The federal government helps state and local governments through various funding programs. Conflict and Cooperation –As is to be expected, there is sometimes conflict between local, state, and federal government; however there is also tremendous cooperation between all three.


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