Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT Chapter 9 Local Government Section 1:Units of Local Government Units of Local GovernmentUnits of Local.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT Chapter 9 Local Government Section 1:Units of Local Government Units of Local GovernmentUnits of Local."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT Chapter 9 Local Government Section 1:Units of Local Government Units of Local GovernmentUnits of Local Government Section 2:Town, Township, and Village Governments Town, Township, and Village GovernmentsTown, Township, and Village Governments Section 3:City Government City GovernmentCity Government Section 4:How Governments Work Together How Governments Work TogetherHow Governments Work Together

2 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON2 The Main Idea Local governments have grown as the country has grown. As Americans settled in rural communities, towns, cities, and suburbs, they set up local governments. Reading Focus   How are local governments established, and why are they needed?   How is county government organized, and what are the main purposes of each level of county government?   How do local and state governments work together? Section 1:Units of Local Government

3 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON3 Local governments  Are established by and given powers from the state governments.  Define their powers, responsibilities, and organization by charter from the state.  Provide services for citizens.  Maintain roads, running water, sewage systems, sidewalks, street cleaning, and trash collection.  Supervise privately owned electric and transportation systems. Section 1:Units of Local Government

4 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON4 The county system of government in the United States:  Borrowed from England, began in the southern agricultural states  Scattered population gathered at the county seat to discuss issues. Section 1:Units of Local Government

5 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON5 Organization and purpose of county government:  County board is elected by voters and forms the legislative body.  The county board supervises elections; enforces state laws; collects taxes; and provides health and welfare services, libraries, roads, and schools.  County officials include sheriff and deputies, county clerk, treasurer, auditor, and district attorney.  Some counties have elected a county manager and a county executive. Section 1:Units of Local Government

6 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON6 SECTION 1 How Local Governments Are Established Why Local Governments Are Needed State governments establish local governments and grant them powers. They provide and manage services to the community. Question: How are local governments established, and why are they needed?

7 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON7 The Main Idea Although counties are the largest unit of local government, they share the job of governing with other units of local government. Reading Focus   Where did town government begin, and what is the purpose of the town meeting?   Why did townships and special districts develop, and how does each function?  ?  Why are villages and boroughs created, and how do they operate? Section 2: Town, Township, and Village Governments

8 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON8 Town Governments  Town governments began in the New England colonies.  Today, selectmen and selectwomen are elected to manage the town’s affairs.  Officials discuss the town business and a vote is taken on each item.  Population growth has inhibited direct democracy.  Higher populations require more local services.  Town managers and representative town meetings have developed. Section 2: Town, Township, and Village Governments

9 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON9Townships  First type: developed in the Middle Atlantic states; maintained roads and schools and assisted the poor  Second type: divisions of land in the Midwestern states that were developed by Congress in 1785 as part of a surveying system Section 2: Town, Township, and Village Governments

10 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON10 Special Districts  Developed to serve special needs of an area  The most numerous form of local government  Operated by a commission Section 2: Town, Township, and Village Governments

11 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON11 Villages and Boroughs  Created when populations grow and need to organize  Self-governing municipalities  Collect taxes and provide local services  Governed by a council with an executive (mayor) Section 2: Town, Township, and Village Governments

12 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON12 SECTION 2 Where Town Government Began How It Has Changed New England colonies Citizens used to be able to vote on issues directly, now representatives vote on issues. Question: Where did town government begin, and how has it changed?

13 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON13 The Main Idea A city is usually larger than a town or village. In many cities a large population is crowded into a relatively small area, which creates many challenges for city government. Reading Focus   How are city governments organized under the home-rule system?   What are the different forms of city government? Section 3:City Government

14 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON14Cities  Are larger than other local governments.  Often have large populations crowded into a small area.  Must deal with education, health, safety, transportation, sanitation, water supply, and fire and police protection. Section 3:City Government

15 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON15 City Governments  Established by and receive charters from state legislatures  Some cities have been granted home rule and can write their own charters.  Home rule cities manage their own affairs.  Some states limit the independence of their cities’ governments. Section 3:City Government

16 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON16 Different types of city governments and their functions:  Mayor-Council Government—Mayor prepares the budget, proposes laws, and appoints officials; city council passes laws and approves the mayor’s appointments; cities have weak-mayor plans and strong-mayor plans. Section 3:City Government

17 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON17 Different types of city governments and their functions: (continued)  Commission Government—Board of commissioners passes laws and carries out the functions of government.  Council-Manager Government—City council passes laws and appoints the city manager, who proposes laws and appoints department heads. Section 3:City Government

18 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON18 Question: How are city governments established? SECTION 3 How City Governments Are Established charter granted by state government the state gives the city permission to write its own charter under home rule

19 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON19 The Main Idea You live under three levels of government—local, state, and federal. Without cooperation among these levels, everyday life would not run smoothly. Reading Focus   How do the different levels of government work together?   How do governments cooperate to meet people’s needs?   In what ways are different levels of government in competition? Section 4:How Governments Work Together

20 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON20 Division of powers among levels of government:  Local, state, and federal governments have clearly defined powers.  Each level of government has the power needed to do its job.  All levels of government obey the U.S. Constitution.  The federal system keeps the powers of each level clearly defined. Section 4:How Governments Work Together

21 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON21 The federal government is involved in building roads.  Roads were originally local projects.  As the country grew, Congress voted to federally fund roads connecting the east to the west.  Late 1800s—state funds first used to manage local roads  Interstate highway system is a joint effort of state and federal governments.  Good roads contribute to the safety and well-being of all citizens. Section 4:How Governments Work Together

22 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON22 Government functions requiring the cooperation of different levels of government:  Public education—funds and services from the state; schools controlled by local boards; special funds from the federal government  Federal Bureau of Investigation and the local and state police—work together and share state crime laboratories  Stores and businesses—state licensing boards ensure quality local services; grants-in-aid and block grants given to state and local governments from federal government Section 4:How Governments Work Together

23 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON23 SECTION 4 The United States expanded. Highways were needed to connect the East and the West. The automobile necessitated a complex system of national highways. The federal government became involved in the planning, building, and maintenance of the highway system to facilitate the movement of people and goods. Question: Why did the federal government become involved in the building of roads?

24 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON24 Chapter 9 Wrap-Up 1.How are local governments established? 2.What are the origins of the county system of government in the United States? 3.Explain where town government began and how it has changed over time. 4.When are villages and boroughs created, and how do they operate? 5.Define the term city and explain the services city governments provide for the residents. 6.How do city governments get their power and structure? 7.In which areas do the three levels of government—local, state, and federal—cooperate? 8.What difficulties could occur if different levels of government did not cooperate? 1.How are local governments established? 2.What are the origins of the county system of government in the United States? 3.Explain where town government began and how it has changed over time. 4.When are villages and boroughs created, and how do they operate? 5.Define the term city and explain the services city governments provide for the residents. 6.How do city governments get their power and structure? 7.In which areas do the three levels of government—local, state, and federal—cooperate? 8.What difficulties could occur if different levels of government did not cooperate?


Download ppt "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 CIVICS IN PRACTICE HOLT Chapter 9 Local Government Section 1:Units of Local Government Units of Local GovernmentUnits of Local."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google